Amauris echeria

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Chief
Chief (Amauris echeria).jpg
Chief (Amauris echeria) underside.jpg
Both in Kakamega Forest, Kenya
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Amauris
Species: A. echeria
Binomial name
Amauris echeria
(Stoll, [1790])
Synonyms
  • Papilio echeria Stoll, [1790]
  • Amauris echerioides Weistman, 1913
  • Amauris echeria imatongensis Talbot, 1941
  • Amauris echeria jacksoni f. luxuriosa Talbot, 1940
  • Amauris echeria vaal Talbot, 1940
  • Danais vaillantiana Godart, 1819
  • Amauris lobengula abessinica Schmidt, 1921
  • Amauris fernandina Schultze, 1914
  • Amauris jacksoni Sharpe, 1892
  • Amauris lobengula katangae Neave, 1910
  • Nebroda lobengula Sharpe, 1890
  • Amauris lobengula mongallensis Carpenter, 1928
  • Amauris lobengula septentrionis Poulton, 1924
  • Amauris steckeri Kheil, 1890
  • Amauris whytei Butler, 1894

Amauris echeria, the chief, is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It is found in southern Africa.

The wingspan is 55–65 mm for males and 63-70 for females. Adults are on wing year round (with peaks in summer and autumn).[1]

The larvae feed on Tylophora anomala, Tylophora stolzii, Cynanchum chirindense, Gymnema (including Gymnema sylvestre), Marsdenia (including Marsdenia angolensis and Marsdenia racemosa) and Secamone (including Secamone africana and Secamone parviflora).[2]

Subspecies[edit]

  • A. e. echeria (Cape to Natal, Zululand, Transvaal)
  • A. e. abessinica Schmidt, 1921 (Eritrea, northern Ethiopia)
  • A. e. chyuluensis van Someren, 1939 (south-eastern Kenya (Chyulu, Sagala, Emali, Teita))
  • A. e. contracta Talbot, 1940 (western Kenya, Kitale)
  • A. e. fernandina Schultze, 1914 (Fernando Póo (Macías Nguema Island))
  • A. e. jacksoni Sharpe, 1892 (Kenya west of the Rift Valley)
  • A. e. katangae Neave, 1910 (southern Zaire (southern Shaba), Zambia)
  • A. e. kikuyu Talbot, 1940 (eastern Kenya (Katamayu to Meru, Nyambeni))
  • A. e. lobengula (Sharpe, 1890) (Rhodesia, southern Mozambique, southern Malawi (Mount Mlanje))
  • A. e. meruensis Talbot, 1940 (northern Tanzania (Arusha, Moshi, Nogorongoro))
  • A. e. mongallensis Carpenter, 1928 (southern Sudan, northern Uganda)
  • A. e. mpala Talbot, 1940 (highlands of Zaire)
  • A. e. occidentalis Schmidt, 1921 (Cameroon)
  • A. e. septentrionis Poulton, 1924 (northern Kenya (Marsabit, Nyiro, Kulal))
  • A. e. serica Talbot, 1940 (southern Tanzania, northern Malawi)
  • A. e. steckeri Kheil, 1890 (southern Ethiopia, western Ethiopia, southern Sudan)
  • A. e. terrena Talbot, 1940 (western Uganda, eastern Zaire, north-western Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi)
  • A. e. whytei Butler, 1894 (southern Malawi (Zomba Plateau))

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  2. ^ "Amauris Hübner, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms