Amauris niavius

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Amauris niavius
Amauris niavius (dos).jpg
Male, dorsal side
Friar (Amauris niavius niavius) underside.jpg
Ventral side, Bobiri Forest, Ghana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Amauris
Species: A. niavius
Binomial name
Amauris niavius
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms
  • Papilio niavius Linnaeus, 1758
  • Amauris obliterata Dufrane, 1948
  • Amauris partita Talbot, 1941
  • Amauris dominicanus Trimen, 1879
Amauris niavius - museum specimen

Amauris niavius, the friar, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in the forests of tropical Africa.

The wingspan is 80–85 mm for males and 78–82 mm for females. Adults are on wing year-round (with peaks in late summer and autumn).[1]

The larvae feed on Cynanchum (including C. medium, C. nigrum and C. vincetoxicum), Gymnema (including G. sylvestre), Marsdenia, Secamone, Tylophora and Ipomoea. Larvae of subspecies dominicanus feed on Gymnema sylvestre.[2]

Subspecies[edit]

  • Amauris niavius niavius (from western Kenya to Zaire, Angola, Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Fernando Pó (Macías Nguema Island))
  • Amauris niavius dominicanus Trimen, 1879 (Natal, Mozambique, from Rhodesia to Malawi, eastern Tanzania and Kenya east of the Rift Valley)
  • Amauris niavius aethiops Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 (Ethiopia, northern Uganda, southern Sudan)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  2. ^ "Amauris Hübner, 1816" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms