Amaya (web editor)

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Amaya logo 65x50.png
Amaya inuse.png
Amaya 11.3 under Windows 7
Developer(s) W3C, INRIA
Initial release July 1996; 20 years ago (1996-07)[1]
Stable release 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 5 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
Preview release 11.4.7 (July 23, 2013; 3 years ago (2013-07-23)) [±]
Written in C
Operating system Windows, OS X, Linux
Platform IA-32, x64
Available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Hungarian, Georgian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, Finnish, Dutch, Slovak, Ukrainian[2][3]
Type HTML editor, web browser
License W3C

Amaya (formerly Amaya World)[4] was a free and open source WYSIWYG web authoring tool[5] with browsing abilities.

It was created by a structured editor project at the INRIA, a French national research institution, and later adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) as their testbed for web standards;[6] a role it took over from the Arena web browser.[7][8][9] Since the last release in January 2012, INRIA and the W3C have stopped supporting the project and active development has ceased.[10][11]

Amaya has relatively low system requirements, even in comparison with other web browsers from the era of its active development period, so it has been considered a "lightweight" browser.[12]


Ramzi Guetari joined the team in October 1996.[13] Daniel Veillard was responsible for the integration of CSS in Amaya and maintained the Linux version.[13]

The last change of code of Amaya was on Feb 22, 2013.[14]


  • Access keys
  • Caret navigation
  • Page zooming
  • Password management
  • Spell checking
  • Transport protocols
  • Support for CSS, MathML, SVG, RDF and Xpointer
  • Displays free and open image formats such as PNG and SVG, as well as a subset of SVG animation.

Codebase timeline[edit]

Amaya originated as a direct descendant of the Grif WYSIWYG[15] SGML editor created by Vincent Quint and Irène Vatton at INRIA in the early 1980s,[13] and of the HTML editor Symposia, itself based on Grif, both developed and sold by French software company Grif SA.

Originally designed as a structured text editor (predating SGML) and later as an HTML and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) editor, it was then expanded to include XML-based capabilities such as XHTML,[15] MathML[15] and Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG).[15]

A test bed application[edit]

It was used as a test-bed for new web technologies that were not supported in major browsers.[12][16]

Amaya was the first client that supported the RDF annotation schema using XPointer.[17][18][19][20] The browser was available for Linux,[21] Windows (NT and 95),[21] Mac OS X, AmigaOS, SPARC / Solaris,[21] AIX,[21] OSF/1.[21]


The old icon

Amaya was formerly called Tamaya.[22] Tamaya is the name of the type of tree represented in the logo, but it was later discovered that Tamaya is also a trademark used by a French company, so the developers chose to drop the first letter to make it "Amaya".[23]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "About Thot". INRIA. Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Vatton, Irène (9 December 2009). "Amaya Binary Releases". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 30 June 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Amaya Frequently Asked Questions Section I.7. Can I change the dialogue language?". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 22 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "Internet Browsers". 24 Mar 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Dubie, Bill; Sciuto, Dave (30 November 2006). "Amaya a win for Web coding". Seacoast online. Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "History of the Web". Oxford Brookes University. 2002. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  7. ^ Lafon, Yves; Lie, Håkon Wium (15 June 1996). "Welcome to Arena". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  8. ^ Bowers, Neil. "Weblint: Just Another Perl Hack". 
  9. ^ Bos, Bert; Lie, Håkon Wium (April 1997). Cascading style sheets: designing for the Web. Addison Wesley Longman. p. 263. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  10. ^ Laurent Carcone (9 April 2013). "Re: When will the next release be posted?". Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to Amaya". W3C. Retrieved 8 March 2014. The application was jointly developed by W3C and the WAM project (Web, Adaptation and Multimedia) at INRIA. It is no more developed. 
  12. ^ a b Klimkiewicz, Kamil (18 January 2003). "Lightweight Web Browsers". freshmeat. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c "W3C Alumni". World Wide Web Consortium. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  14. ^ move write password call
  15. ^ a b c d Quint, Antoine (21 November 2001). "SVG: Where Are We Now?". Archived from the original on 9 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  16. ^ Vincent Quint; Irène Vatton (20 February 1997). "An Introduction to Amaya". World Wide Web Consortium. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2009. 
  17. ^ Dumbill, Edd (9 May 2001). "Reports from WWW10". Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  18. ^ "Annotea Project". World Wide Web Consortium. 2 March 2001. Archived from the original on 4 February 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  19. ^ Dodds, Leigh (13 November 2000). "Annotate the Web with Amaya and RDF". XMLhack. Archived from the original on 17 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  20. ^ "W3C Annotea Project Supports Collaboration on the Web.". Coverpages. 9 March 2001. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Evans, Peter (7 September 2003). "Optimized for no one, but pretty much OK with . . .". Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  22. ^ Bert Bos (11 March 1996). "Re: tamaya tigers". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  23. ^ "Amaya Frequently Asked Questions". World Wide Web Consortium. 26 February 2009. Archived from the original on 10 March 2009. Retrieved 8 March 2009. 

External links[edit]