Amazônia-1

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Amazônia-1
Amazonia 1 PMM with Payload Module.jpg
Amazônia-1 coupled with Payload Module.
Mission typeEarth Observation
OperatorINPE
Mission duration3 years
Spacecraft properties
BusMMP
Launch mass700 kilograms (1,500 lb)
Powerwatts
Start of mission
Launch dateSeptember 2020
RocketPSLV
Launch siteSDSC SHAR
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeSun-synchronous
Perigee altitude752 kilometres (467 mi)
Apogee altitude752 kilometres (467 mi)
Inclination98.4 degrees
Period100 minutes
EpochPlanned
Main camera
NameAdvanced Wide Field Image
WavelengthsVIS-NIR band
Resolution40 metres (130 ft)
 

The Amazônia-1 satellite (or SSR-1), scheduled to launch in September 2020,[1][2][3][4] is the first earth observation satellite entirely developed by Brazil.[5]

Operations will be joint with the CBERS-4 satellite.[6]

Background[edit]

In the early 1990s, the design of SSR satellites, Amazônia-1 precursor, was revised and INPE technicians proposed replacing the polar orbit by an equatorial orbit, and this proposal was accepted. That made sense at that time as Brazil already had coverage by polar orbit with the CBERS satellites.

The SSR-1 of the project suffered several delays start, either by lack of resources, whether by barriers in the disputes of the bids. The effective start, only occurred in 2001 when a contract was signed for the development of multi-mission platform specifically (at the time) for this purpose.

Amazonia 1 assembled

In 2001, a joint study between the INPE and DLR was published, found that most of the SSR-1 requirements can be met by two sensors: the Camera VIS / NIR and other MIR [7] However, with the publication PNAE review in 2005, the SSR-1 ceased to be a priority.

Update[edit]

Between September and October 2012, a structural model of the Amazônia-1 satellite was subjected to a series of vibration test.

In the latest review of the PNAE, published in January 2013, the Amazônia-1 resurfaced with this name, and even successors planned (Amazon-1B in 2017 and Amazon-2 in 2018), however, remains the intention of use in orbit polar and the release dates of these satellites can not be maintained. A delay of two years, at least, already exists in the Amazônia-1 schedule.[8]

The satellite was originally supposed to launch on a Brazilian VLS-1 rocket, but the program was cancelled. The satellite is tentatively scheduled to launch in September 2020 via an Indian Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.[1][4]

Features[edit]

The current design features are as follows:

  • Orbit: Sun-synchronous orbit
  • Period of Earth imaging: 4 days
  • Optical sighting wide imaging (camera with 3 bands in the VIS and NIR 1 band)
  • Observation range: 760 km[9] with 40 meter resolution.
  • Platform: Multimission Platform (PMM)
  • Weight: 700 kilograms (1,500 lb)[9]

Instruments[edit]

  • Advanced Wide Field Imager (AWFI),[10] 40m resolution camera

Amazônia - 2[edit]

The Amazônia - 2 satellite was planned for launch in 2018 to replace its predecessor.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Amazonia-1 será lanzado en 2020" (in Spanish). LATAM Satelital. 11 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Mission Summary - Amazonia-1". CEOS Database. CEOS. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. ^ "Definido o lançamento do satélite brasileiro Amazonia-1 — Coordenação-Geral de Observação da Terra". www.obt.inpe.br. Retrieved 2018-12-16.
  4. ^ a b "Satélite Amazônia-1 começa a ser fechado para a realização de testes ambientais". www.inpe.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2020-02-23.
  5. ^ "Amazônia-1 será o primeiro satélite totalmente desenvolvido pelo Brasil" [Amazonia-1 will be the first satellite developed entirely by Brazil] (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 9, 2013.
  6. ^ "Inpe adquire componentes para o satélite Amazônia-1" [INPE acquires components for the satellite Amazonia-1] (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 9, 2013.
  7. ^ Rudorff, Bernardo (10/04/2003). O SATÉLITE DE SENSORIAMENTO REMOTO SSR-1 PARA MONITORAMENTO DA AMAZÔNIA (PDF). INPE. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  8. ^ PROGRAMA NACIONAL DE ATIVIDADES ESPACIAIS 2012-2021 (PDF). Brazilian Space Agency. 22/01/2013. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Spaceflight Awarded Contract to Launch Brazil's Amazonia-1 Spacecraft". Spaceflight. 2018-12-18. Retrieved 2020-01-23.
  10. ^ "The Ceos Database : Instrument Summary - Awfi". Database.eohandbook.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
  11. ^ "Plano Diretor 2011 - 2015" (PDF). Inpe.br. Retrieved 2014-03-08.