Amazilia hummingbird

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Amazilia hummingbird
Amazilia amazilia-4.jpg
Amazilia Hummingbird RWD2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Amazilia
A. amazilia
Binomial name
Amazilia amazilia
(Lesson, 1827)

The amazilia hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia) is a species of hummingbird, a family of small near passerine birds. The Loja hummingbird (A. alticola), with less rufous to the underparts, is sometimes considered a subspecies of the amazilia hummingbird.[2][3]

The amazilia hummingbird occurs in western Peru and south-western Ecuador. It is generally common, and can regularly be seen even in major cities such as Lima and Guayaquil. It prefers dry, open or semi-open habitats, but also occurs in forest. In its range it is easily recognized by the combination of a black-tipped red bill and mainly rufous underparts. It is a territorial species.[4]

Its diet consists of small insects and nectar of flowering Erythrina, Psittacanthus, and other flower corollas of medium length.[5] It can spend roughly 80% of its time resting, using the rest of its time to forage, hunt, and defend its territory (often against Coereba flaveola).[4] It breeds year round with cup like nests only ~3cm above the ground.[5]

There is currently academic discussion on if Amazilia alticola should be labeled as a separate species or a subspecies of Amazilia amazilia.[2][3] .


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Amazilia amazilia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b Weller, André-Alexander (2000-01-01). "Biogeography, geographic variation and habitat preference in the Amazilia Hummingbird,Amazilia amazilia Lesson (Aves: Trochilidae), with notes on the status ofAmazilia alticola Gould". Journal für Ornithologie. 141 (1): 93–101. doi:10.1007/BF01651776. ISSN 1439-0361.
  3. ^ a b Krabbe, Niels (September 2009). "A new subspecies of Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia from southern Ecuador". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
  4. ^ a b Calviño-Cancela, M. (September 2006). "Time-activity budgets and behaviour of the Amazilia hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia (Apodiformes: Trochilidae) in an urban environment". Revista de Biología Tropical. 54 (3): 873–878. doi:10.15517/rbt.v54i3.13684. ISSN 0034-7744.
  5. ^ a b "Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)". Retrieved 2019-05-24.

External links[edit]

Schulenberg, T., D. Stotz, D. Lane, J. O'Neill, & T. Parker III. 2007. Birds of Peru. Christopher Helm. ISBN 978-0-7136-8673-9