The amazilia hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia) is a species of hummingbird, a family of small near passerine birds. The Loja hummingbird (A. alticola), with less rufous to the underparts, is sometimes considered a subspecies of the amazilia hummingbird.
The amazilia hummingbird occurs in western Peru and south-western Ecuador. It is generally common, and can regularly be seen even in major cities such as Lima and Guayaquil. It prefers dry, open or semi-open habitats, but also occurs in forest. In its range it is easily recognized by the combination of a black-tipped red bill and mainly rufous underparts. It is a territorial species.
Its diet consists of small insects and nectar of flowering Erythrina, Psittacanthus, and other flower corollas of medium length. It can spend roughly 80% of its time resting, using the rest of its time to forage, hunt, and defend its territory (often against Coereba flaveola). It breeds year round with cup like nests only ~3cm above the ground.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Amazilia amazilia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.old-form url
- Weller, André-Alexander (2000-01-01). "Biogeography, geographic variation and habitat preference in the Amazilia Hummingbird,Amazilia amazilia Lesson (Aves: Trochilidae), with notes on the status ofAmazilia alticola Gould". Journal für Ornithologie. 141 (1): 93–101. doi:10.1007/BF01651776. ISSN 1439-0361.
- Krabbe, Niels (September 2009). "A new subspecies of Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia from southern Ecuador". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
- Calviño-Cancela, M. (September 2006). "Time-activity budgets and behaviour of the Amazilia hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia (Apodiformes: Trochilidae) in an urban environment". Revista de Biología Tropical. 54 (3): 873–878. doi:10.15517/rbt.v54i3.13684. ISSN 0034-7744.
- "Amazilia Hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia)". www.hbw.com. Retrieved 2019-05-24.
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