Amazonas (Venezuelan state)
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|State of Venezuela|
|Motto: Honor y Lealtad
(English: Honor and Loyalty)
|Anthem: Himno del Estado Amazonas|
Location within Venezuela
|• Governor||Liborio Guarulla (2010–present)|
|• Total||183,500 km2 (70,800 sq mi)|
|19.38% of Venezuela|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|0.3% of Venezuela|
|ISO 3166 code||VE-Z|
|Emblematic tree||Caucho (Hevea benthamiana)|
|^[c] Until this date, Amazonas had the status of Federal Territory.|
Amazonas State (Spanish: Estado Amazonas, IPA: [esˈtaðo amaˈsonas]) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. It covers nearly a fifth of the area of Venezuela, but has less than 1% of Venezuela's total population.
The state capital is Puerto Ayacucho. The capital until the early 1900s was San Fernando de Atabapo. Although named after the Amazon River, most of the state is drained by the Orinoco River. Amazonas State covers a total surface area of 176,899 km² and, in 2007, had a population of 142,200. Its density is of 0.8 inhabitants per km².
The territory covered by present-day Amazonas was previously part of the Guayana Province, a Province of the Spanish Empire (from 1585) and later of Venezuela (until 1864, when the Provinces of Venezuela were replaced by the States of Venezuela, following the Federal War). Amazonas was created as a state in 1994, having been a Federal Territory since 1864.
Municipalities and Municipal Seats
|Alto Orinoco Municipality||La Esmeralda||49.217 km²||14.222 hab. (2008)|
|Atabapo Municipality||San Fernando de Atabapo||25.062 km²||12.797 hab. (2007)|
|Atures Municipality||Puerto Ayacucho||7.302 km²||91.386 hab (2007)|
|Autana Municipality||Isla Ratón||12.291 km²||8.181 hab (2007)|
|Manapiare Municipality||San Juan de Manapiare||32.042 km²||9.658 hab (2007)|
|Maroa Municipality||Maroa||13.082 km²||8.181 hab (2005)|
|Río Negro Municipality||San Carlos de Río Negro||37.903 km²||9.658 hab (2007)|
Race and ethnicity
According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:
- Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", Latin American Perspectives 30(1), p52
- "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
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