Amazonian sac-winged bat
|Amazonian sac-winged bat|
|Amazonian sac-winged bat range|
The Amazonian sac-winged bat (Saccopteryx gymnura) is a bat species of the family Emballonuridae from South America. It is found in northern Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and possibly Venezuela.
Taxonomy and etymology
It was described as a new species in 1901 by British zoologist Oldfield Thomas. Thomas identified "Mr. Wickham" as the collector of the holotype, possibly referring to British explorer Henry Wickham who also collected bird specimens in South America. Wickham collected the holotype in Santarém along the Amazon River. The species name "gymnura" is from Ancient Greek "gumnós" meaning "naked" and "ourá" meaning "tail." Thomas wrote, "the nakedness of the interfemoral [membrane] will readily distinguish this bat from any of its allies."
Biology and ecology
Range and habitat
- Sampaio, E.; Lim, B.; Peters, S. (2016). "Saccopteryx gymnura". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T19806A22005356. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T19806A22005356.en.
- Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 391. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Thomas, O. (1901). "XLVII.— New species of Saccopteryx, Sciurus, Rhipidomys, and Tatu from South America". The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology. 7. 7 (39): 367–368.
- Sclater, P. L.; Salvin, O.; Wickham, H. A. (1867). "List of Birds Collected on the Blewfields River, Mosquito Coast, by Mr. Henry Wickham". Zoological Society. 1867.