Amazonian sac-winged bat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Amazonian Sac-winged Bat)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Amazonian sac-winged bat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Emballonuridae
Genus: Saccopteryx
Species:
S. gymnura
Binomial name
Saccopteryx gymnura
Thomas, 1901
Amazonian Sac-winged Bat area.png
Amazonian sac-winged bat range

The Amazonian sac-winged bat (Saccopteryx gymnura) is a bat species of the family Emballonuridae from South America.[2] It is found in northern Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and possibly Venezuela.[1]

Taxonomy and etymology[edit]

It was described as a new species in 1901 by British zoologist Oldfield Thomas.[3] Thomas identified "Mr. Wickham" as the collector of the holotype, possibly referring to British explorer Henry Wickham who also collected bird specimens in South America.[4] Wickham collected the holotype in Santarém along the Amazon River.[3] The species name "gymnura" is from Ancient Greek "gumnós" meaning "naked" and "ourá" meaning "tail." Thomas wrote, "the nakedness of the interfemoral [membrane] will readily distinguish this bat from any of its allies."[3]

Biology and ecology[edit]

It is insectivorous, catching its prey in the air.[1]

Range and habitat[edit]

This bat inhabits humid tropical forests. It is found in several countries and territories in northern South America, including Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname.[1]

Conservation[edit]

It is currently evaluated as data deficient by the IUCN. It is uncommonly encountered and its range is not clearly defined.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Sampaio, E.; Lim, B.; Peters, S. (2016). "Saccopteryx gymnura". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T19806A22005356. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T19806A22005356.en.
  2. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 391. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. ^ a b c Thomas, O. (1901). "XLVII.— New species of Saccopteryx, Sciurus, Rhipidomys, and Tatu from South America". The Annals and Magazine of Natural History; Zoology, Botany, and Geology. 7. 7 (39): 367–368.
  4. ^ Sclater, P. L.; Salvin, O.; Wickham, H. A. (1867). "List of Birds Collected on the Blewfields River, Mosquito Coast, by Mr. Henry Wickham". Zoological Society. 1867.