Ambajogai

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Ambajogai
अंबाजोगाई
Town
Yogeshwari (Amba) Temple Top at Ambajogai
Yogeshwari (Amba) Temple Top at Ambajogai
Nickname(s): Ambejogai
Ambajogai is located in Maharashtra
Ambajogai
Ambajogai
Ambajogai is located in India
Ambajogai
Ambajogai
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°44′N 76°23′E / 18.73°N 76.38°E / 18.73; 76.38Coordinates: 18°44′N 76°23′E / 18.73°N 76.38°E / 18.73; 76.38
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Beed
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
Population (2011)
 • Total 74,844
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN Code 431517
Telephone code 02446
Vehicle registration MH-44
Lok Sabha constituency Beed
Vidhan Sabha constituency Kaij

Ambajogai is a city and a municipal council, Tehsil and subdivision[1] in Beed district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

The town is named Ambajogai after goddess Ambabai - Yogeshwari whose heritage temple is located here and is visited by peoples from all over Maharashtra, largely from the Konkan region.[2][3] The town has a lot of heritage places[4] and this township is known as the cultural capital of the Marathwada region.[5] The town has other heritage temples like [Sakleshwar] 12 khambhi, Kholeshwar, Mukundraj cave and Dasopant Swami Samadhi, Kashivishwanath, Amruteshwar. There is an ancient underground cave called Shivleni Caves (Hattikhana) or Jogai Mandap declared as a heritage point (Archaeological sites in Maharashtra), where Lord Shankar, Nandi and Elephants are carved in stone.

In the 13th century Swami Mukundraj wrote first Marathi poetry 'Viveksindhu' [Meaning: The Ocean Of Wisdom'] in Ambajogai. This work is widely acclaimed for its literary quality as well as the philosophical content. It remains not only the first but among the best literary works ever produced in Marathi.

History[edit]

Ambajogai named by Amba – Goddess (Parvati / Durga) by his birthplace (jogai), who appeared at this place to finish Dantasura (a devil).

It was also known as Jaywantinagar by name of King (Raja) Jaywant and river's name Jayawanti and a separate state.

In Nijam regime (Nizamshahi) it was renamed as Mominabad, which was again renamed as Ambajogai in 1948.

The town is connected to India's freedom fighters and current politicians, such as Swami Ramanand Teerth, Babasaheb Paranjape and Digambarrrao Deshpande(Harbaji Guruji) who fought against razakars (Hyderabad) to end the Nizam regime in Hyderabad state.

In the 13th century Swami Mukundraj wrote, a first Marathi poetry 'Viveksindhu' [meaning 'Large floating Ocean of Wisdom'(Vivek: Wisdom, Sindhu:Ocean)]. This work is widely acclaimed for its literary quality as well as the philosophical content. It remains not only the first but among the best literary works ever produced in Marathi.

The Ambajogai is said as mini pandharpur.

The Bharatiya Janata Party [B.J.P] leader Pramod Mahajan was from Ambajogai.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Ambajogai had a population of 74,844. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ambajogai has an average literacy rate of 85.89%, higher than the national average of 74.04%; with 91.58% of the males and 79.88% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Ambajogai(2001)
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
49%
Muslims
  
39%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Jains
  
1.7%
Christians
  
1.4%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

About[edit]

Ambajogai, is a city located in Marathwada region of the western Indian state of Maharashtra. Ambajogai is widely considered the educational and cultural capital of Marathwada. Ambajogai is the sub-district place in Beed District. Marathi Adhykavi Mukundraj and Sant Dasopant spent their life at this place. It has famous Yogeshwari Temple, which is considered as 1 of 3½ peeths in Maharashtra. It is located 25 kilometres from Parali Vaijnath. Prior Ambejogai was famous in the era for treatment of tuberculosis (TB), and thus the hospital was well known as TB Hospital. The hospital now is renovated and serving various patients including Cancer cure wing. The Hospital of Ambejogai is the great hospital to serve and cure different patients and the hospital is located in natural climate surrounded by hills with fresh air. Nowadays Ambajogai has become a center of administration of Beed District. There are many district level government offices in Ambajogai some of those are deputy regional transport office(MH-44),District Sessions Court, Additional SP Office,deputy collector office etc.

There is a proposal given to Maharashtra government for bifurcation of Beed district to form a new Ambajogai District.[6]

Education[edit]

Amabajogai has a reputation for its several esteemed colleges and educational institutions[citation needed]. Ambajogai also has a Medical College "Swami Ramanand Teerth Medical College"which is the first rural medical college in Asia. and Yogeshwari College of Art, Science and Commerce, which was started by Swami Ramanand Teerth. The primary aim of this college[7] has been, since then patriotism, building up of nation, education, democracy, secularism and development of the poverty ridden sections of the society, and One Engeeniering College is also there viz, Mahatma Basaveshwar Engineering College Ambajogai. SRT college is one of the best college in Marathwada region. Ambajogai is also known as Educational Hub after Pune in Maharashtra. There are also a lot of English, and Marathi medium schools. Ambajogai is also called as "Pune" of Marathwada because of Culture, Quality of education is quite similar to Pune. Yogeshwari Education Society's Yogeshwari College is one of the topmost colleges in Marathwada. Ambajogai also has social work college " MANAVLOK'S COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE" Founded By Dr. Dwarkadasji Lohiya (Babuji).

Ambajogai is one of the education centres in Marathwada. Ambajogai is suppose that the 'PANDHARI' of Education. Ambajogai consist of many schools and colleges and 'Swami Ramanand Teerth Medical College where patients come across from near by rural areas.

The Government Medical College in Marathwada Region was at Aurangabad happens to be at the extreme corner of Marathwada region and thus could not meet the requirements of this region. After years of public agitation the concept of a Rural Medical College at Ambajogai, which is a central place for Marathwada region was accepted by the Government of Maharashtra and was cleared by the Planning Commission in 1974. Ambajogai town was selected for this purpose because of its pleasant weather, its central location in Marathwada and large number of buildings and vast premises left behind by the cavalary. The various departments and hospital wards were housed in the converted and modified horse stables.

The hospital was upgraded to accommodate 500 indoor patients and 50 undergraduate students. It was named after the leader of independence struggle against Nizam rule, Swami Ramand Teerth (then Hyderabad State Congress President). The first batch of 50 students was admitted in the month of July 1975 and passed out in 1979. The Medical Council of India inspection Team was impressed at the performance of the students and therefore pleased to give recognition to this College, even before the first batch of MBBS students passed out. The Post-graduate courses in various subjects were also started with the permission of Govt. of Maharashtra and the first batch of post-graduates come out in 1981. After Ghati Hospital Ambajogai hospital is topmost government hospital in Marathwada. The yogeshwari Shikshan Sanstha in Ambajogai have responsible for great education in Ambajogai. They had established number of schools in Ambajogai. In Ambajogai there are many junior colleges. ex.

  1. Yogeshwari Mahavidyalaya
  2. Swami Ramanand Teerth Mahavidyalaya
  3. Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Govt. Medical College, Ambajogai
  4. Kholeshwar Mahavidyalaya
  5. Yashwantrao Chavan Mahavidyalaya
  6. M.B.E. Society's T.B.G. Polytechnic and Engineering College
  7. Yogeshwari shikshan santha's Yogeshwari College of Polytechnic
  8. Milliya primary, high school and junior college
  9. RK international school
  10. BSPM institute of pharmacy college ambajogai
  11. Urdu primary school raviwar peth
  12. mansoor high school raviwar peth
  13. Manavlok's College Of Social Sciences (Social Work College)
  14. Noorjahan Urdu Primary School Mangalwar Peth Ambajogai Dist.Beed

Cultural Centers[edit]

Entrance of Yogeshwari(Amba) Temple at Ambajogai

Culturally very important town of Ambajogai has the oldest temple of the Goddess Yogeshwari has been famous since long. The structure of the temple is in 'Hemadpanti Style' a large rock cut placed above another. Delicate carvings on the pillars are attractive. Adjoining north gate is located the ‘Sarveshwar Teerth’. Adjoining the west gate are the temples of various deities.

A festival at Yogeshwari is held here during 'Vijayadashami (Dashahara / Dasara)' and Margashirsh Poornima (full moon) approx in mid December. Margashirsh Poornima is the birth day of incarnation of Yogeshwari Devi.Devotees from all over Maharashtra visit the temple for taking blessings of dear Yogeshwari devi.

A kilometre from the Yogeshwari Temple and on the road after Shivleni Caves, on the hill of Balghat, lie the Samadhi of Saint Mukundraj, the first Marathi poet who wrote the famous verse – ‘Viveksindhu’ [Meaning: The Ocean Of Wisdom']. Saint poet Dasopant also had stayed here and composed his verses (Pasodi).

Also there is Beautiful Jain Temple of

Bhgwaan "Vimalnath Swami" and

"Chintamani Parshwanath" Bhagwaan

Other Tourist attractions[edit]

Shivleni Caves at Ambajogai
  • Shivleni Caves (Ancient Protected Caves) also called as Hattikhana or the Bhoocharnath Cave.[5]
  • Mukundraj Swami Samadhi
  • Dasopant Swami Samadhi
    Ambajogai Temple
  • Buttenath Cave
  • Sankleshwar Mandir
  • Renukai Devi Mandir
  • Amleshwar Mandir
  • Putreshwar Mandir
  • Kholeshwar Mandir
  • Nagnath Mandir
  • Kashi Vishveshwar Mandir

The Muslim cultural Dargah "Hazrat shaikh masood Kirmani" also exist since the ancient period located nearby 1 km, Maula Ali baba on the north Hill of Town, on to the south "Sadeq Ali Shah Baba", Saigaon 10 km from the town. Hajrat sayyad sadat Dargha is loceted by sadar bazar.

Transport[edit]

Ambajogai city is well connected by state highways.Public Transport buses are available for all the cities of Maharashtra. It is connected with State Highway 156. Nearest train station is Parali – Vaijanath, Maharashtra, India – 25 km away. The state highways 144 and 156 are more important for Ambajogai. For Public transport The Maharashtra State Transport Mahamandal's Buses (commonly known as ST buses)are available, which can take you to all major and minor cities as well as towns & villages nearby. There is huge ST Depot and ST schedule is update as well as reliable. The Ambajogai - Beed state road is one of busy roads. There many private buses and other vehicles connecting Ambejogai to places like Latur etc. As many towns in Maharashtra has, Ambejogai also has services by leading private bus services. Multiple direct buses, private as well as public, (long distance) to places like Parbhani, Pune, Nanded, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nashik ply on daily basis. Commute within city can be accomplished by autos-rickshaws (tok-tok).

Media and Communication[edit]

Almost all newspapers are available in Ambajogai. Marathi newspapers are peoples choice. Ambajogai has several local news papers like 'Dainik Viveksindhu',[8] 'Ambajogai Times'etc.

Notable Personalities from Ambajogai[edit]

  1. Mukundraj Swami - First saint poet of Marathi language(Adyakavi).
  2. Sarvadnya Dasopant Swami - famous saint from Datta sect.
  3. Swami Ramanand Tirtha - great freedom fighter.
  4. Babasaheb Paranjape
  5. Lt.Pramod Mahajan - one of the greatest leaders of BJP that time.
  6. Lt.Vimal Mundada - former health minister in Maharashtra government.

References[edit]