Ambala district

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Ambala district
Location of Ambala district in Haryana
Location of Ambala district in Haryana
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
DivisionAmbala
HeadquartersAmbala
Tehsils1. Ambala, 2. Barara, 3. Naraingarh
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAmbala (shared with Panchkula and Yamuna Nagar districts)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies4
Area
 • Total1,574 km2 (608 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,128,350
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
500,774
Demographics
 • Literacy81.75%
 • Sex ratio885
WebsiteOfficial website

Ambala district is one of the 22 districts of Haryana state in the country of India with Ambala town serving as the administrative headquarters of the district. It borders district Yamunanagar to the east, district Sirmaur and district Panchkula to the north, district Mohali and district Patiala to the west, and the district of Kurukshetra to the south.

Divisions[edit]

This district falls under the Ambala Lok Sabha constituency, which is a reserved for the Scheduled Caste candidates only. This district also has four Vidhan Sabha constituencies, all of which are part of Ambala Lok Sabha constituency. Those are Ambala City, Ambala Cantt, Mulana and Naraingarh.

Administration of this district falls under the Ambala division and law and order falls under the Ambala Police Range. The district administration has two sub-divisions, Ambala and Naraingarh. District is further subdivided into 4 community development blocks and 7 revenue tehsils. Community development blocks are Ambala, Ambala Cantt, Barara and Naraingarh. Tehsils are Ambala, Ambala Cantt, Barara, Mullana, Saha, Shahzadpur and Naraingarh.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Ambala district had a population of 1,128,350[2] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[3] or the US state of Rhode Island.[4] It ranks 410th (out of a total of 640) in India in terms of population.[2] The district has a population density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.23%.[2] Ambala had a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 81.75%.[2] Hindi (In Devanagri Script) is the official languages and thus used for official communication.[5]

Language[a] 1911[6] 1921[6] 1931[6] 1961[6] 1991[7] 2001[8]
Hindi 3.50% 5.45% 66.72% 87.87% 85.26%
Punjabi 35.71% 40.91% 36.12% 30.48% 10.93% 13.15%
Urdu 53.05% 0.19% 0.11%
Hindustani 56.39% 60.58%
Pahari 3.10% 0.07% 2.62% 0.23%
Other 1.30% 0.52% 0.62% ~2.57% 1.00% 1.48%
Population trends for major religious groups in Ambala district (1941–1961, 2001–2011)[a]
Religious
group
Population
% 1941[9]
Population
% 1951[9]
Population
% 1961[10]
Population
% 2001[11]
Population
% 2011[12][13]
Hinduism 48.40% 72.20% 71.45% 84.40% 84.65%
Sikhism 18.50% 24.60% 24.83% 13.06% 12.25%
Islam 31.70% 2.40% 1.70% 1.96%
Jainism 0.52% 0.43%
Christianity 0.28% 0.33%
Buddhism 0.02% 0.03%
Other / No religion 1.40% 0.8% 3.73% 0.01% 0.35%

Education[edit]

A number of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools are located in Ambala city, which provide education to the students of the city and the adjoining villages. S.A.Jain Senior Secondary School, Tulsi Public Senior Secondary School, S.A. Jain Senior Model School, P.K.R Jain Girls Senior Secondary School, D.A.V.Public School, Shemford School(senior secondary) are few of the well-known schools. Ambala city has 2 polytechnics providing technical education to the aspiring students. A number of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools are also located in Ambala Cantt, Farookha Khalsa Sr. sec. school, D.A.V. Sr. Sec. school, Riverside D.A.V. sr. sec. school, B. D. Sr. Secondary School (Affiliated to Haryana Board of Education).

Students of Ambala are nowadays attracted to skill based job oriented courses.ICA Ambala city centre The institute of computer institutes ISO 9001-2008 is (a unit of Kolkata-based skills training organisation ICA Infotech Limited) offering industrially integrated computer accounts and taxation courses for graduates and under graduates . ARC Web designing & graphic designing institute offers job oriented courses.TCIL IT A Govt of INDIA Enterprise Ambala city centre offers industrial training to B.Tech Students in PHP, DOT NET, C, C++, JAVA and other software programming languages. HKCL (Haryana Knowledge Corporation Ltd), a Government undertaking, offers HS-CIT course (Haryana State- Certificate in Information Technology) for computer basics and KLiC Diploma for high level courses relating to various fields. The HS-CIT course has been mandated for appointment as a Group C clerk in Government jobs. Cluster of industries around Ambala provides prominence to job oriented industrial skill-based courses of institutes like ICA, ARC and TCIL IT A GOVT of India Enterprise.

Economy[edit]

Being located in the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the land is generally fertile and conducive to agriculture. However, primary sector contributes much lesser to the economy of the district than it does to the economy of Haryana.[14] Small scale industries form the bulk of the industrial landscape in the district. It is one of the largest producers of scientific and surgical instruments in the country and home to a large number of scientific instrument manufacturers.[15] It produces microscopes and other instruments used in chemistry laboratories. Manufacture of submersible pumps and mixers and grinders is another industry that has traditionally flourished. Ambala is also an important textile trading centre, besides Delhi and Ludhiana and has a well-known cloth market, which is famous in the region especially for those seeking bridal wear. It also produces rugs, known locally as Durries, and houses many suppliers to Indian defence forces.

Cities, towns, villages, and other communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note, Ambala district has gone through numerous boundary changes since 1941.
  1. ^ Admin setup of Ambala.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  5. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://esaharyana.gov.in/Data/StateStatisticalAbstract/2010-11(English)/StateAbst10-11/27-95.pdf Archived 2016-03-13 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ http://esaharyana.gov.in/Data/StateStatisticalAbstract/StatisticalAbstract(2011-12).pdf Archived 2013-08-17 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b http://paa2004.princeton.edu/papers/41274
  10. ^ GBaldev Raj Nayar. "Minority Politics in the Punjab". Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/c-01.html
  13. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/209-ambala.html
  14. ^ "Haryana State Development Report" (PDF). Planning Commission of India, Government of India. pp. 123–124. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  15. ^ http://scientificequipments.com/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°25′N 77°10′E / 30.417°N 77.167°E / 30.417; 77.167