Ambarnath

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Ambarnath
अंबरनाथ
Ambernath
Municipal Council
Ambarnath is located in Maharashtra
Ambarnath
Ambarnath
Location of Ambernath in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°12′32″N 73°11′10″E / 19.209°N 73.186°E / 19.209; 73.186Coordinates: 19°12′32″N 73°11′10″E / 19.209°N 73.186°E / 19.209; 73.186
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Thane
Government
 • नगराध्यक्षा प्रज्ञा बनसोडे
Area
 • Total 38 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 300,000
 • Density 7,900/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ambarnathkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 421501
Telephone code 0251
Vehicle registration MH-05
Lok Sabha constituency Kalyan खासदार श्रीकांत शिंदे
Vidhan Sabha constituency आमदार बालाजी किणीकर Ambernath

Ambarnath more often spelt as Ambernath is a municipal council in indian state of Maharashtra which is also a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.[1] Ambernath comes under the Thane district of Maharashtra.

Overview[edit]

Ambarnath is part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR). The name Ambarnath literally means Sky-Lord. Ambarnath is the site of a old temple (Shiva Temple) dedicated to Lord Shiva, dating back, to 1060 AD.[2] The temple is carved out of stone in Hemadpanthi architectural style of construction. Ambarnath lies on Mumbai to Pune railway route. Most people rely on the railway link to commute to Mumbai for work. Like all Mumbai suburbs Ambarnath is divided into Ambarnath East and Ambarnath West by the railway. Ambarnath west is in an industrial zone and is home to hundreds of small and large chemical factories. An Ordnance Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board has been established by the Government of India which is one of the reasons for Ambarnath developing into a residential neighbourhood. A large manufacturing facility of WIMCO, India's largest manufacturer of safety matchsticks, is also located in Ambarnath on the Kalyan-Badlapur Road.[3]

Suryodaya Housing Society of Ambernath east is one of the richest housing societies in Thane district and has 101.6 acres of land in its possession.[4] The housing society has 4 sections namely Kansai, Saai, Kher, named after former chief minister of Mumbai state Mr. B. G. Kher, who used to stay near to (know for Herambh mandir) and Vadavali. Out of these Kansai and Vadavali were small villages in the past. The area in the west was named Javsai and the one in east was known Kansai. Ambarnath east was once a area of bungalows. The infrastructure is getting stretched to support the current population growth and the bungalows have all been replaced with apartment buildings.

Ambarnath West is known for the Ordnance Estate. It is a colony of the employees of the Ordnance Factory, and consists of apartments provided by the government itself for the Factory employees. The colony is self-sufficient with a CBSE school, hospital and other amenities. The estate is equipped with many facilities like 24 hr power supply, and water supply.

Places to see in Ambernath[edit]

Shiva Temple, Methodist Church, Fatima Catholic Church and School, Sacred Heart syro-Malabar Catholic Church, GIP Tank, One Tree Point, Ayyapa Temple at Ordnance Estate, Shantisagar Water Resort, Chikloli Dam, Barvi Dam and Labour statue (which is probably the only statue representing Labour in India). Malang Gadh, a pilgrimage place known as Haji Malang Dargah, as well as hiking spot, is also close by. Heramb Mandir is a renovated temple of Lord Ganesha.The Shiv temple of Ambernath is worth visiting at the time of Shivratri.

Tavali Hill

Economy[edit]

The City Of Ambernath has four Industrial Areas (4 MIDC'S). Home of big And small companies like Ceat, Godrej And Mahindra and Mahindra, ASB International etc. Apart from this there are three central government (Min. of Defence) establishments falling under Ordnance Factory Board and DRDO.

There are branches of many national banks including State Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra, Canara Bank, Punjab National Bank, IDBI Bank (previously known as United Western Bank), Union Bank of India, Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Andhra Bank, Bank of Baroda, Central Bank and Dena Bank etc. Major banks like HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank etc. and major co-operative banks like Thane Janta Sahkari Bank, Dombivili Nagarik Sahkari Bank, Rupee co-operative Bank, Ambernath Jai Hind Bank etc. have their branches as well as ATM centers with VISA / Master/ Maestro and RuPay card access facilities over here.

Earlier this town was known as pensioners town, now has changed to mainly a working population various strata of society i.e. unorganized labor to white collar jobs and establishments like shops, offices and other businesses. Due to better job opportunities, good environment, road and rail connectivity and cheaper real estate prices compare to Mumbai City.

There are four annual fairs held in Ambernath: 1. Mahashivratri Fair held at Old Shiva Temple 2. Gaon Devi Fair held at Gaon Devi Temple at Khunatwali, Ambernath West 3. Gayban Shah Vali's Dargah Uroos at Kohej Gaon in Ambernath West 4. Ordnance Ayyappa Temple Festval in December every year.

Apart from this on the occasion of Dashera there is Ramleela at MPF Ground in Ordnance Estate where the effigy of Ravana is torched every Year. During these time lot many people come to Ambernath to visit the Fair and in turn add to the economic activities in Ambernath.

Criminals like Balu Walekar and Raju Walekar brought bad name to this town. The gang war and unauthorised constructions by these people have made the city a den of criminals. Recent 200 crore 2015 munciple budget approved by these crminals have been cancelled by the collector. The city do not have adequate funding and most of its budgets in past are syphoned by Walekar gang.

History[edit]

People claim that Guru Nanak visited Ambernath Shiv Temple on 25 February 1415 while Surinder Singh Kohli and other historians mention the period to be earlier than this.[citation needed] Ambernath is not the actual name of this town. It was "Hallyacha Pada", a village near the Welfare Center in Ambernath East was the original name of this town.[5]Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the railway station "Hallyacha Pada" after independence.[citation needed] This town started flourishing after the arrival of DMC,(now closed) WIMCO and got rechristened as Ambernath before this there were only two villages recognised in this area as Kohoj-Khuntawali at west and Hallyacha Pada at East. When first Nagarpalika came in existence, Leaders like Meheruddin Pathan, Madansingh Manvirsingh, Prabhakar Nalwade, Laxman Jathar,Dattaraya Bhandarkar(Shivsena and labour union leader) transformed this city into a high standard little town. The main Shivaji Statue in East was installed through the efforts of Late Laxman Jathar. Subsequently arrival of MIDC pumped in more productivity in this town. Those days the OCTROI revenue from this town was 2nd in the entire Maharashtra state after Pimpri-Chinchwad.

There is also an ancient Dargah located in the Kohoj Village Popularly known as Baba Gaiban Shah Dargah, located between 3 different areas - Kohoj Village, Chinchpada, and Woollen Chawl & Sacred Heart Catholic Church also located nearest Fr. Agnel School.

As per the recent excavations, there existed an urban civilization in the Area of Ambernath since 200BC. The bricks found date back to the Satavahan era.[citation needed]

Sports[edit]

Merwyn Fernandes, a former Indian hockey player, played for the famous Indian Airlines hockey team in the 70s. He represented India in 1980, 1984 and the 1988 Summer Olympics. He was part of the Indian hockey team that won the gold medal Summer Olympics at Moscow. He also received the Arjuna award.[6]

Evaristo Cardozo donned the India Colours for the Super Soccer Series against PSV Eindhoven, a Dutch top football team, when they visited India. He again donned colours for Nehru Cup at Thiruvananthapuran & Pre-Olympic qualifiers. Maharashtra won the Santosh Trophy at Pallakkad (Kerala), under the captainship of Evaristo Cardozo after long 2 years.

Proposed 2nd International Airport for Mumbai in Nevali[edit]

As a result of the recent[when?] objections being raised by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests on the current proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International Airport near Kopra Panvel area, apparently because the construction of the airport would involve reclamation of low-lying areas in an ecologically fragile zone as well as destruction of several hectares of mangroves, other locations were being considered, which included the one off village Nevali near Kalyan-Ambernath 55 km away from the current airport in Mumbai.[citation needed] There exists an old and abandoned air-strip of World War II era and the Union Defence Ministry owns the 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) of land on which it is located. But the proposal was later dropped and they zeroed on the airport near Panvel.

Previous and sitting MLAs from Ambernath Assembly Constituency[edit]

Year MLAs Name Category Party Sex Votes
1978 Patil Jagannath Shivram GEN Janata Party (JNP) M 33087
1980 Patil Nakul Pundalik GEN INC(I) M 31365
1985 Patil Nakul Pundalik GEN Indian National Congress (INC) M 37037
1990 Shabir Shaikh GEN Shiv Sena (SHS) M 71322
1995 Shabir Shaikh GEN Shiv Sena (SHS) M 119283
1999 Shabir Shaikh GEN Shiv Sena (SHS) M 64674
2004 Kathore Kisan Shankar GEN Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) M 114675
2009 Dr. Balaji Kinikar (SC) Shiv Sena (SHS) M 50470
2014 Dr. Balaji Kinikar (SC) Shiv Sena (SHS) M 47000

Schools[edit]

  • Bhausaheb Paranjpe Vidyalay, Ambernath East
  • Infant Jesus International School, Ambernath (E)
  • S.N.Kannada High School, Khojgaon, Ambernath(West)
  • P.M.M Rotary School,Ambernath (East)
  • Fr. Agnel Multipurpose school, Khojgaon, Ambernath
  • Fatima High School (Subhashwadi)
  • South Indian Children Education Society (S.I.C.E.S) High School
  • Gurukul Grand Union High School (G.G.U.H.S),Ambernath (East)

(Subhashwadi)

  • Madansingh Manveersingh Memorial High school Ambernath (West)
  • Adarsh Bharat Bal Vidya Mandir, Bhagwan Gosavi Chwal, Near Jai Bhim Hsg. Soc. Khuntwali, Ambernath (West)
  • Loknagari Public School in East Loknagari Complex
  • Telugu Vikasa Mandali (T.V.M.) (Gaondevi Road)
  • TMS High School (Subhaswadi)
  • S.V. Kolkar Vidyalaya
  • Pancha Koshadharit Gurukul (a separate entity of 'The Education Society' under Bhausaheb Paranjpe Vidyalaya)
  • Mahatma Gandhi Vidyalaya (Station Road, Ambernath W)
  • Dnyanamrut Vidyalaya, Ambernath
  • Messiah English High School {New Bhendipada, Ambernath (W)}
  • Dyaan Prabhodhini Vidya Mandir, MHB Colany Ambernath (west)
  • National Urdu School
  • Rosary English School
  • Haji Yusuf Urdu School
  • Modern English High School
  • Rhombus Villa, Ambernath (W)
  • Bethel Church High School (Dubai Colony)
  • Dr. B.G. Chhaya Sharda Mandir (Gujrati Medium)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ordinance Estate, Ambernath
  • Madina Masjid Near Fatima School in western Ambernath
  • Gokhale Rahalkar Vidyalaya, Kher section (Ambernath) East
  • Shastri Hindi Vidyalaya, Ambernath West
  • Millat Urdu School, Ambernath West
  • S.S. Jondhale Vidyamandir and Polytechnic, Ambernath East
  • Cambridge Nursery, KG School, Kansai, Ambernath East
  • Bal Vikas Mandir, Kansai, Ambernth (East)
  • lok nagari public school,lok nagari,MIDC road Ambernath(east)
  • Balwadi Bhagini Mandal Prarthmik school (east
  • shivajirao.s.jhondhale vidyamandir
  • Yogeshwar Hindi vidyalaya(Buwapada)
  • Shivaji Abaji Kolkar Madhymik Vidyalaya, Shivaji Nagar, Ambernath-East
  • Holy Faith English School, Shivaji Nagar, Ambernath-East
  • Dr.R.A.Singh's Shree Shraddha Hindi Vidyalya (Primary And Secondary )Ambernath {West}

References[edit]