Amberley, Queensland

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Amberley
IpswichQueensland
Welcome to Australia - panoramio.jpg
No trespassing on the Amberley Air Base, 2010
Amberley is located in Queensland
Amberley
Amberley
Coordinates27°37′49″S 152°41′58″E / 27.6302°S 152.6994°E / -27.6302; 152.6994 (Amberley (centre of suburb))Coordinates: 27°37′49″S 152°41′58″E / 27.6302°S 152.6994°E / -27.6302; 152.6994 (Amberley (centre of suburb))
Population253 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density9.69/km2 (25.11/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4306
Area26.1 km2 (10.1 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)City of Ipswich
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)Blair
Suburbs around Amberley:
Walloon Karrabin Wulkuraka
Jeebropilly Amberley Leichhardt
One Mile
Willowbank Purga Yamanto

Amberley is a suburb in the City of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia.[2] In the 2016 census, Amberley had a population of 253 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Australia's biggest air force base, the RAAF Base Amberley is situated here and the Bureau of Meteorology has a weather observation station in Amberley. To the south of Amberley is the Fassifern Valley. The Jeebropilly coal mine is located just to the west of Amberley.

History[edit]

The suburb is named after Amberley in the United Kingdom. The name was used by James and Martha Collett for their residence in the 1850s as it was their hometown.[2] Previously the area was known as Three-Mile Creek, referring to it being three miles along on the Old Toowoomba Road from Ipswich.[3][4]

In 1861, a school commenced at Willowbank on a sheep and cattle station owned by Darby McGrath. McGrath then asked the Queensland Government to take over and donated land for the construction of a new building, resulting in the opening of Warrill Creek State School opened on 22 May 1862 on what is now the south-western part of the RAAF Base Amberley. On 28 January 1888 the school relocated to a new site at Sandridge but it was flooded in 1893 by Warrill Creek. In 1903, it was renamed Amberley State School.[5] This school is one of the oldest state primary schools in Queensland.[6] The outbreak of World War II escalated activity on the air force base and it was decided to close the school at the end of 1941 and it re-opened at the start of 1947. Concerns about aircraft noise at the school lead to the construction of a new school on Rosewood Road further from the base in the late 1970s. On 1 January 2010, the school was again relocated to Deebing Creek Road, Yamanto and renamed Amberley District State School.[7][8]

In December 1867 a United Methodist Free Church was opened at Three-Mile Creek.[9]

In the 2016 census, Amberley had a population of 253 people.[1]

Education[edit]

There are no schools in Amberley. The nearest primary schools are Amberley District State School in neighbouring Yamanto to the east, Walloon State School in neighbouring Walloon to the north-west and Leichhardt State School in neighbouring Leichhardt to the north-east. The nearest secondary schools are Bremer State High School in Ipswich to the east and Rosewood State High School in Rosewood to the north-east.[10]

Climate[edit]

Amberley has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with hot humid summers and cool, crisp winters that have a high diurnal range which provide frost in some mornings. Its lowest temperature of -4.9 degrees Celsius occurred on the 8 August 1995, when southern Queensland suffered a severe cold snap. The previous coldest temperature was -4.3 degrees reached on 29 July 1994. The town is fairly sunny, receiving 110.3 clear days.[11]

Climate data for AMBERLEY AMO
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.3
(111.7)
43.0
(109.4)
38.9
(102.0)
36.8
(98.2)
33.3
(91.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
36.4
(97.5)
40.1
(104.2)
41.3
(106.3)
43.0
(109.4)
43.8
(110.8)
44.3
(111.7)
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
29.4
(84.9)
27.2
(81.0)
24.1
(75.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.2
(70.2)
22.8
(73.0)
25.6
(78.1)
27.8
(82.0)
29.6
(85.3)
30.8
(87.4)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
19.5
(67.1)
17.8
(64.0)
14.0
(57.2)
10.0
(50.0)
7.1
(44.8)
5.4
(41.7)
6.2
(43.2)
9.5
(49.1)
13.3
(55.9)
16.3
(61.3)
18.4
(65.1)
13.1
(55.6)
Record low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
11.1
(52.0)
6.7
(44.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.1
(35.8)
4.9
(40.8)
6.8
(44.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 116.9
(4.60)
121.2
(4.77)
85.5
(3.37)
54.5
(2.15)
52.8
(2.08)
46.9
(1.85)
37.9
(1.49)
28.9
(1.14)
33.6
(1.32)
73.3
(2.89)
81.5
(3.21)
119.4
(4.70)
864.0
(34.02)
Average precipitation days 10.9 11.8 11.4 7.9 7.6 6.4 6.5 5.7 6.0 8.8 9.3 10.7 103.0
Average relative humidity (%) 51 54 52 48 48 46 42 38 38 43 46 49 46
Source: [12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Amberley (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Amberley – suburb in City of Ipswich (entry 45022)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Logo and Naming of Ipswich" (PDF). p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 April 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  4. ^ "George Roberts: Motor cars and aeroplanes" (PDF). 1995. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 April 2019. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  5. ^ "AMBERLEY SCHOOL". Queensland Times. LXXIX (16, 349). Queensland, Australia. 18 April 1939. p. 6 (DAILY.). Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "The oldest state primary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  8. ^ "History". Amberley District State School. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  9. ^ "LOCAL AND GENERAL NEWS". Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald And General Advertiser. VII (858). Queensland, Australia. 30 November 1867. p. 3. Retrieved 17 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  11. ^ Jack Frost makes his icy presence felt. Page 3. The Courier Mail 9 August 1995
  12. ^ "Climate statistics for Amberley". Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 17 July 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2018.

External links[edit]

  • "Amberley". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland.