Ambika (goddess)

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Mother Goddess, Goddess of Supreme Power, Energy and Invincibility,
Goddess Ambika riding on the back of a Tiger with eight arms
AffiliationAdi Parashakti, Shakti, Devi, Tripura Sundari, Durga, Mahakali, Navadurga, Mahavidya, Annapoorna, Bhuvaneshvari, Bhavani, Bhairavi, Matrika, Parvati, Chandika, Siddhidatri, Sati
AbodeDurga Loka
WeaponDiscus, Conch Shell, Trident, Mace, Bow, Sword, Lotus Flower
MountTiger or Tigress

Ambika is generally the name of Adi Shakti or Shakti, consort of Parashivam. She has eight arms, holding multiple weapons. She is also known as Bhagavati or Chandi. She is also considered Adi Shakti herself and Mother of the Universe as well as all beings which is also the meaning of the name "Ambika".she is the goddess in skanda purana and Devi Mahatmya(part of the Markandeya Purana),who appeared from the body of Parvati and slayed the demons Shumbh and Nishumbh. She is also identified as Amba, Durga, Bhagavathi, Parvati, Bhavani etc. [1]

She is the merciful mother of all happiness as well as mystical and spiritual strength. She is the prime goddess of illusions. The Goddess illuminates the world with her divine strength. She is the possessor and provider of infinite happiness and divine power. Mother Siddhidatri destroys sorrows, removes all forms of poverty, annihilates negative qualities, and flaws in her devotees who worships her with a true heart. By her Grace, they get joy and prosperity. She is the mother of the world as well as a supporter.

She is the killer of demons, the mother who is the protector of righteousness, the one who brings about an end of sins. Even Kaal (the Lord of Time) runs away in fear.

She is the goddess of power, devotion and the provider of all happiness as well as the auspicious merits or fruits of worship. She is the merciful mother of her devotees who revere her wholeheartedly. She is the merciful mother of all her children of the world, whom she loves equally.

She is the one who controls passion, anger and all other emotions in a person. She is the merciful, sustaining mother, who alleviates all types of pains and troubles.

Kaal primarily means time but also means black in honour of being the first creation before light itself. During the dissolution of the universe, Kala (time) devours the universe and is himself, engulfed by his spouse, the supreme creative force, Kali. Kali is the feminine form of kala (black, dark coloured) and refers to her being the entity beyond time.

Kaalratri refers to the darkness of night, a state normally frightening to ordinary individuals but considered beneficial to worshippers of the Goddess. Black references primal darkness before creation and also darkness of ignorance. Hence this form of goddess is considered as one who destroys the darkness of ignorance. In summary, Kaalratri is the personification of the night of all-destroying time.

Kaalratri is of a pitch dark black complexion and has a fearsome mien. She has three bloodshot and bloody eyes, shining white, fang-like teeth, a gaping mouth, and her bloody tongue hanging from there. She has open, disheveled hairs. She wore red and black vestments and a garland of skulls around her neck, which shines like lightning. She is wearing a tiger-skin skirt and is decked with electric ornaments on her limbs. Her four hands each held a trident, scimitar, sword and a vajra. She is seated on a donkey.

Kaalratri is widely regarded as one of the many destructive forms of the Mother Goddess. She is considered to be one among the fiercest forms of the Mother Goddess, as her appearance itself invoking fear. This form of Goddess is believed to be the destroyer of all demon entities, ghosts, spirits and negative energies, who flee upon knowing of her arrival.

She is the power of the most darkest of nights. At night, the animal kingdom take break from work and they all fall asleep. As they sleep, their exhaustion is removed. At the time of final dissolution, all the creatures of the world seek shelter, protection and refuge onto the lap of the mother goddess. She is the time of the dark night, the death-night. She is Maharatri, (the great night of the periodic dissolution) as well as Moharatri (the night of delusion). At the end of Time, when destruction makes its arrival, the goddess transforms herself into Kaalratri, who devours all Time, without leaving any remains.

She is the one who bestows wealth, prosperity and property. She offers strength to the powerless who seek her refuge, removes their sorrows and worries. Invoking Goddess Kaalratri therefore empowers the devotee with the devouring quality of kaal (time) and the all-consuming nature of ratri (night) - allowing all obstacles to be overcome and guaranteeing success in all undertakings. She bestows grace, fame and happiness and destroys sins, obstacles and agony from her devotees’ lives.

Because of this, she is also known as Subhankari (she who is the doer of all auspiciousness).

She is eternal, primordial and indestructible, embodies awareness, happiness, the purity of the universe and Truth as well as the form of Shakti (power). She is the destroyer of negative qualities and removes wrongdoings. She bestows on the one who reveres her, the four aims of human life - Dharma (righteousness or morality), Artha (prosperity), Kama (pleasure or love) and Moksha (final liberation or salvation).

Devi Kushmanda is the creator of the entire universe with just her soft smile as a cosmic egg and is known to be the creator and preserver of the universe. She is Adi-Shakti, the mother goddess of the world. She is the merciful mother of the world, the eternal form of Mother Devi.

All holy men and educators sing in praise of her qualities.

She is the mother of scriptures and embodies divine knowledge. She annihilates all types of sins and flaws. She possesses the eight supreme siddhis (superpowers) and nine divine powers in her hand and gives them to those who are worthy of acquiring them all, who contemplates on her. She gives supreme happiness and spiritual strength.

She can purify mind, body and soul. She can award relief from all physical and mental ailments and destroy all hurdles. The supreme mother can put an end to sorrows and bestow one who worships her with longevity, strength, wealth and fame.

Manifestations and aspects of Ambika[edit]

In Srimad Devi Bhagavatham, Ambika is the lineal progenitor of all other goddesses. She is worshiped as one with many forms and names. Her form or incarnation depends on her mood. For example:

  • Lakshmi is an aspect of Ambika who is the energy or Shakti of Lord Vishnu and assists him in Preservation, she is also the Goddess Wealth and Prosperity
  • Saraswati is an aspect of Ambika who is the energy or Shakti of Lord Brahma and assists him in Creation, she is also the Goddess of Knowledge and Wisdom
  • Sati is an aspect of Ambika who is the first wife of Lord Shiva, who immolated herself she is also known as Dakshayini
  • Bhadrakali is one of the fiercest forms of Ambika who destroyed the yagna of Daksha Prajapati
  • Parvati is the gentle form of Ambika, she is also known as Gauri and Uma she is the wife of Lord Shiva
  • Durga is a demon-fighting form of Ambika, and some texts suggest Ambika took the form of Durga to kill the demon Durgamasur.
  • Kali is another ferocious form of Ambika, as the goddess of time and change, with mythological origins in the deity Nirriti.
  • Chandi is the epithet of Durga, considered to be the power of Ambika; she is black in color and rides on a lion, slayer of the demon Mahishasura.
  • Ten Mahavidyas are the ten aspects of Shakti. In tantra, all have importance and all are different aspects of Ambika.
  • 52 Shakti Peethas suggests all goddesses are expansions of the goddess Ambika.
  • Navadurga nine forms of the goddess Ambika
  • Meenakshi, the goddess with eyes shaped like a fish.
  • Kamakshi, goddess of love and devotion.
  • Lalita, the playful Goddess of the Universe, she is a form of the Devi Ambika.
  • Akhilandeshwari, found in coastal regions of India, is the goddess associated with water.[2]
  • Annapurna is the representation of all that is complete and of food.
  • Yogini The 64 yoginis are 64 forms or aspects of Goddess Ambika


  1. ^ Dalal, Roshen (2010). Ambika. The Religions of India: A Concise Guide to Nine Major Faiths. Penguin Books. p. 18. ISBN 9780143415176. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  2. ^ Subhash C Biswas, India the Land of Gods, ISBN 978-1482836554, pp 331–332