Ambleside

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Ambleside
Rydal Rd, Ambleside, Cumbria - June 2009.jpg
Rydal Road, Ambleside town centre
Ambleside is located in Cumbria
Ambleside
Ambleside
Location within Cumbria
Population2,600 
OS grid referenceNY375037
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAMBLESIDE
Postcode districtLA22
Dialling code015394
PoliceCumbria
FireCumbria
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°25′30″N 2°57′45″W / 54.4251°N 2.9626°W / 54.4251; -2.9626Coordinates: 54°25′30″N 2°57′45″W / 54.4251°N 2.9626°W / 54.4251; -2.9626

Ambleside is a town in Cumbria, in North West England. Historically in Westmorland, it marks the head (and sits on the east side of the northern headwater) of Windermere, England's largest natural lake. In the Lake District National Park, it is south of the highest road pass in the country, Kirkstone Pass and both places are the meeting point of well-marked paths and mountain hiking trails.

Economy[edit]

Local government services[edit]

Ambleside is co-administered by South Lakeland District Council and in minor matters forms part of the Lakes civil parish. The other main co-administration is Cumbria County Council.

Touristic amenities[edit]

"Steamers" are the throwback name for the ferries (diesel-propelled) which run most days to Bowness-on-Windermere and Lakeside offering fine views of the lake and the mountains – see Waterhead locality below.

Ambleside is a base for hiking, mountaineering and mountain biking. It has several hotels, guest houses, restaurants and shops. Specialist shops sell equipment, guides and give recommendations to walkers, backpackers and climbers. Ambleside is a popular starting point for the Fairfield horseshoe, a hillwalking ridge hike.

A concentration of ten pubs or bars within a quarter-mile radius reflects how the local hospitality market serves residents, tourists, visitors and the student population associated with the University of Cumbria.

History[edit]

The town's name is derived from the Old Norse "Á-mel-sǽtr" which literally translates as "river – sandbank – summer pasture".

The Market Hall

To the south of Ambleside is the Roman fort of Galava, dating from AD 79.[2]

In 1650 the town was granted a charter[3] to hold a market. In the reign of James II, another charter was granted for the town to collect tolls.[4] The town's Market Place became the commercial centre for agriculture and the wool trade. The old packhorse trail between Ambleside and Grasmere was the main route between the two towns before the new turnpike road was completed in 1770. Smithy Brow at the end of the trail was where pack ponies were re-shod after their journey. With the coming of the turnpikes, the packhorse trains were superseded by horse-drawn stagecoaches, which regularly travelled between Keswick and Kendal via Ambleside.[5]

The Samling Hotel was built in the 1780s, then called the "Dove Nest".[6]

From 1894 to 1935 Ambleside formed its own urban district.

Rydal Road in the centre of Ambleside

Ambleside & District Golf Club founded in 1903 ended in the late 1950s; Windermere Golf Club is a few miles along the lake's east side.[7]).

The Armitt Library and Museum opened in 1912 in memory of Sophia and Mary Louisa Armitt is notable as a resource for history. Its main resident collection overviews Lake District artists and writers with display panels, photographs and copies of their key works, and some originals of minor works.[8]

Landmarks[edit]

Bridge House[edit]

Bridge House in 2009

Bridge House was built over Stock Ghyll more than 300 years ago, probably as a summer house and apple store for Ambleside Hall. It was purchased by local people in 1926 and given to the National Trust. Listed Grade I, the building is now used as an information centre for the National Trust, and is part of the Trust's Windermere and Troutbeck property.[9][10]

Lewis Pinhorn Wood's The Cobbler's Shop on the Bridge

The building was depicted by the Victorian landscapist Lewis Pinhorn Wood (1848-1918) in his late 19th century work The Cobbler's Shop on the Bridge.

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's Church

A shared Church of England and Methodist church. Before the 17th century the dead of Ambleside were buried at St Martin's Church, Bowness-on-Windermere, Ambleside then gained the right to its own registers and had a chapel dedicated to St Anne. This was too small to accommodate the enlarged Anglican congregations as tourism boomed from the Kendal and Windermere Railway opened in 1847.[11] St Mary's Church was built in the 1850s to a design by George Gilbert Scott in the Gothic Revival style.[12] Notable features include:

  • the stone spire, an unusual feature in Westmorland churches,[12]
  • the mural depicting rushbearing (a ceremony which is held on the first Saturday in July). The mural was created during World War II when the Royal College of Art was based in Ambleside.[13][14]

Early 20th centuy Vicar, Henry Adamson Thompson, is depicted on the right of the mural.[15][16] His body and that of his only son, Henry Lionel Francess Thompson – killed in World War II – share the same part of the churchyard.[17]

Other burials include Annie, Sophia and Mary Louisa Armitt.[8]

Mater Amabilis church[edit]

The town's many decades-old Catholic Church in a traditional design is a consolidation of two churches; until 2013 nearby Grasmere held services, whose reverend, Kevan Dorgan of Windermere was translated to the consolidated parish. His predecessor, who retired, was David Duanne.

Education[edit]

University of Cumbria[edit]

The Ambleside campus of the University of Cumbria, formerly St. Martin's College and Charlotte Mason College, is at the northern end of the town; courses held at the campus include Conservation, Forestry, and Outdoor Studies.

On 1 December 2009, it was announced that the Ambleside campus would be 'mothballed' at the end of July 2010, and would no longer take new undergraduate students. The closure was in the face of fierce opposition from the Ambleside students,[18] the townspeople, and support pledged from Tim Farron, MP for the campus and its students.[19][20][21]

In July 2011, the university announced a plan to reopen the campus and increase student numbers at the Ambleside campus beginning in 2014.[22] In September 2014, the newly refurbished campus was reopened.

Exploration youth group[edit]

Brathay Exploration Group, a youth charity, mainly meets at associated Clappersgate.

Waterhead locality[edit]

Boats at Waterhead Pier

Waterhead Pier at Waterhead, about one mile south of the town centre, is a boarding point for Windermere Lake Cruises on Windermere. Services run year-round connecting to Bowness-on-Windermere and Lakeside. Between March and October, a second service operates to the Brockhole Lake District Visitor Centre and Wray Castle.[23][24]

Waterhead has hotels, cafés, boat hire establishments and the YHA youth hostel.[25] It is mostly green buffered from the town, including by copses of mature trees.

Formerly resident[edit]

William Wordsworth worked in Ambleside, as Distributor of Stamps for Westmorland, from 1813, while living at Rydal Mount in the nearby village of Rydal.[26] This government position induced Shelley to write a sonnet of mild reprimand, To Wordsworth, but it gave an income other than poetry. In 1842, he became the Poet Laureate and resigned his office.[26]

In 1846 Harriet Martineau moved into her new house, “The Knoll,” where she lived until her death in 1876.[27] "Something of a Victorian superstar," she was a professional woman, international correspondent, ran a micro-farm on her property and formed and worked for a Property Association which helped working families in the neighborhood build their own homes. Her winter lectures packed the Methodist Church beside her home.

Artist Kurt Schwitters was resident for ​2 12 years until his death in January 1948. Under legislation to lower the risk of well-covered sympathiser spies he was interned in the Isle of Man for 14 months of World War II after fleeing Nazi Germany to Norway which was invaded in 1940; his release to London was secured with A. Dorner of Rhode Island School of Design's attestation and sponsorship.

Locomotive manufacturer Edward Bury (died 1858) and his wife Priscilla Susan.

Eponyms in fiction and music[edit]

Mountain rescue[edit]

The town maintains one of the busiest volunteer mountain rescue teams nationally: The Langdale & Ambleside MRT.

Ambleside (centre-left) and associated neighbourhood Waterhead (right) looking east from Loughrigg Fell

Neighbouring at cardinal compass points[edit]

Climate[edit]

Ambleside features an oceanic climate, but being within the Lake District it does experience higher annual rainfall than the average for the North-West of England. Parts of the town have been flooded on numerous occasions, with the River Rothay breaking its banks during Storm Desmond in December 2015.

Climate data for Ambleside (60m asl, averages 1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
9.1
(48.4)
12.3
(54.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.0
(64.4)
19.9
(67.8)
19.8
(67.6)
16.7
(62.1)
13.0
(55.4)
9.6
(49.3)
7.0
(44.6)
13.0
(55.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
1.3
(34.3)
2.6
(36.7)
4.2
(39.6)
6.8
(44.2)
9.8
(49.6)
11.8
(53.2)
11.4
(52.5)
9.3
(48.7)
6.7
(44.1)
3.6
(38.5)
1.5
(34.7)
5.9
(42.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 231.0
(9.09)
174.1
(6.85)
168.9
(6.65)
105.7
(4.16)
90.8
(3.57)
112.8
(4.44)
114.9
(4.52)
140.7
(5.54)
162.9
(6.41)
238.6
(9.39)
228.6
(9.00)
238.3
(9.38)
2,005.1
(78.94)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 18.9 14.6 16.1 12.7 12.4 11.6 12.8 14.7 14.0 18.9 18.3 16.0 180.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.6 61.0 90.4 132.8 159.5 154.0 149.0 136.1 99.4 73.1 47.7 45.1 1,194.7
Source: [29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.amblesideonline.co.uk/parish-council/
  2. ^ http://www.visitcumbria.com/amb/galava.htm Retrieved on 7 February 2008
  3. ^ Ambleside OnLine – a local history Archived 28 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "History of Ambleside". Golakes. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  6. ^ Wood, Jason; Walton, John K. (2016). The Making of a Cultural Landscape: The English Lake District as Tourist Destination, 1750-2010. Routledge. p. 142. ISBN 9781317024941.
  7. ^ “Ambleside & District Golf Club”, “Golf's Missing Links”.
  8. ^ a b Eileen Jay, ‘Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 13 Nov 2015
  9. ^ Bridge House – Information from a notice at Bridge House.
  10. ^ Historic England. "BRIDGE HOUSE (1245148)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  11. ^ Ambleside
  12. ^ a b St Mary's Church
  13. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1244784)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  14. ^ Leslie Duxbury (2008), Bohemians in Exile: The Royal College of Art in Ambleside, 1940-1945. "Bohemians in Exile" was the title of a 2011 exhibition at the Armitt Museum.
  15. ^ http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gl=ROOT_CATEGORY&rank=1&new=1&so=3&MSAV=1&msT=1&gss=ms_r_f-2_s&gsfn=Adamson&gsln=Thompson&msbdy=&msbpn__ftp=&msddy=&msdpn__ftp=&cpxt=0&catBucket=rstp&uidh=000&cp=0
  16. ^ http://www.visitcumbria.com/wp-content/gallery/ambleside-st-marys-church/3-ambleside-stmary-rb.jpg
  17. ^ https://m.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204814649264407&id=1183757195&set=a.3504675653958.2163447.1183757195&ref=m_notif&notif_t=like&actorid=1453201640
  18. ^ "Facebook Petition Group". Facebook.
  19. ^ "MP recruits new students in fight to save Ambleside campus". Tim Farron MP. 22 September 2008.
  20. ^ "MP takes Ambleside campaign to Westminster". Tim Farron MP. 10 November 2008.
  21. ^ "MP asks new Vice Chancellor of University Cumbria to scrap plans to downgrade Ambleside campus". Tim Farron MP. 18 March 2009.
  22. ^ Eve, Kelly (28 September 2011). "Cumbria university plan to reopen mothballed Ambleside campus". News and Star. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014.
  23. ^ "Green Cruise". Windermere Lake Cruises. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Waterhead". Visit Cumbria. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  25. ^ "YHA Ambleside". Youth Hostels Association. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  26. ^ a b Wordsworth's Stamp Office, Ambleside, Cumbria. waymarking.com
  27. ^ http://www.cwherald.com/a/archive/the-wonderful-work-of-ambleside-s-harriet-martineau.179222.html.
  28. ^ hardback 2013, paperback 2017, ISBN 978-0749012748
  29. ^ "Ambleside climate information". Met Office. Retrieved 25 October 2015.

External links[edit]