Ambleston (Welsh: Treamlod) is a village, parish, and community in Pembrokeshire, Wales, lying seven miles (11 km) north-north-east of Haverfordwest. The parish includes the hamlets of Wallis and Woodstock (Welsh: Wstog).
Location and demographics
The northern border of the parish is an ancient trackway leading towards St David's, which crosses through a Roman farmstead called "Castell Fflemish". This line is also the northern boundary of the cantref of Daugleddau, and was described by George Owen in 1602 as the language frontier, placing Ambleston in Little England beyond Wales.
Ambleston was one of the parishes Owen described as bilingual, and in modern times it was predominantly Welsh-speaking. The 2011 census showed 34.3 per cent of Ambleston community's population could speak Welsh, a fall from 39.4 per cent in 2001. Historically, the percentage of Welsh speakers was 86 (1891): 79 (1931): 57 (1971).
In 1934, a small part of the parish was transferred to the parish of St Dogmells. The pre-1934 parish had an area of 3,850 acres (1,560 ha). Its census populations were: 421 (1801): 598 (1851): 386 (1901): 358 (1951): 309 (1981).
The community had a population of 367 in 2001 increasing to 382 at the 2011 census.
A kilometer north of the village is a four-sided low bank enclosing an area some 80m across, at  An excavation in 1922 by Mortimer Wheeler found Roman brick and flue tiles, along with various Roman ceramics and roof tiles. These indicate a compound including a bathhouse and living area, and is considered to be a late first-century farmstead or villa. In the nineteenth century there were rumours of a 'golden table' being found here but these remain unsubstantiated. The site is a Scheduled ancient monument., SN007267. The feature had been presumed to relate to Roman military activity, and became known as Castle Flemish, or Castell Ffleming. It also came to be associated with the name 'Ad Vigessimum', a fort described by Richard of Cirencester, but this is now thought spurious.
A second ancient monument is also in Ambleston Community. Parc-y-Llyn Burial Chamber is at  It was first noted in 1871 and scheduled in 1938, and a neolithic origin would date it to 4400 to 2900 BC. However an absence of substantiating finds mean questions have been raised about its authenticity., SM982265. Potentially a neolithic chambered tomb, this feature has a capstone 2.0 m across resting on four low uprights.
- "Community population 2011". Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Charles, B. G., The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, pp 395
- Castle Fleming (ID PRN1278). in the 'SMR' for Dyfed Archaeological Trust (DAT)
- "2011 Census results by Community". Welsh Language Commissioner. 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2015.[permanent dead link]
- Castell Fleming (ID NPRN304464). at the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCAHMW)
- Parc-y-Llyn Burial Chamber (ID PRN2416). in the 'SMR' for Dyfed Archaeological Trust (DAT)
- Cadw Scheduled Monument Report No 3699: Parc-y-Llyn Burial Chamber.
- Parc-Llyn Chambered Tomb (ID NPRN305210). at the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales (RCAHMW)
- Ambleston: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI.
- Photographs of Ambleston and surrounding area on Geograph
- Ambleston War Memorial
- Ambleston Community Council