Amblygaster sirm

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Spotted sardinella
Amblygaster sirm.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Amblygaster
Species: A. sirm
Binomial name
Amblygaster sirm
(Walbaum, 1792)
Synonyms
  • Clupea harengus sirm Walbaum, 1792
  • Clupea sirm Walbaum, 1792
  • Sardinella sirm (Walbaum, 1792)
  • Ambligaster sirm Walbaum, 1792
  • Sardinella leiogastroides Bleeker, 1854
  • Clupea pinguis Günther, 1872
  • Sardinops dakini Whitley, 1937[1]

The spotted sardinella, (Amblygaster sirm), also known as Northern pilchard, spotted pilchard, spotted sardine, and trenched sardine, is a reef-associated marine species of sardinellas in the herring family Clupeidae. It is one of the three species of genus Amblygaster. It is found in the marine waters along Indo-West Pacific regions from Mozambique to the Philippines,and towards north Taiwan and Japan to the far east of Australia[2] and Fiji.[3] It is a widely captured commercial fish in Sri Lanka, where the fish is known as "Hurulla" in Sinhala language.[4]

Live specimen with golden spots (left), spots becomes black after dead (right).

The fish has 13 to 21 dorsal soft rays and 12 to 23 anal soft rays. It grows up to a maximum length of 27 cm. The distinctive feature of spotted sardinella from other two relatives is the presence of 10 to 20 golden spots along the flank. The color of spots may change into black after preservation. Belly is less rounded and scutes are not prominent. The fish feeds on minute organisms like copepods, larval bivalves and aquatic gastropods, and dinoflagellates like Peridinium and Ceratium. The fish is used in tuna fishery as a live or dead bait.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/Nomenclature/SynonymsList.php?ID=1501&SynCode=23340&GenusName=Amblygaster&SpeciesName=sirm
  2. ^ http://www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2049
  3. ^ http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=217439
  4. ^ "{title}" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-07-13. Retrieved 2015-07-13.
  5. ^ ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/ac482e/AC482E16.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Amblygaster-sirm.html