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Temporal range: Lutetian - Recent
Adetomyrma venatrix casent0172771 profile 1.jpg
Adetomyrma venatrix worker
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Amblyoponinae
Forel, 1893
Tribe: Amblyoponini
Forel, 1893
Type genus
Erichson, 1842

9 extant genera; 1 fossil genus[1]

Amblyoponinae is a subfamily of ants in the poneromorph subfamilies group containing 13 extant genera and one extinct genus. The ants in this subfamily are mostly specialized subterranean predators.[1] Adult workers pierce the integument (non lethally) of their larvae and pupa to imbibe haemolymph, earning them the common name Dracula ant.[2]


Amblyoponinae is characterized by these worker characters: eyes small or absent, situated behind midlength of side of head; anterior margin of clypeus with specialized dentiform setae; promesonotal suture flexible; petiole very broadly attached to abdominal segment 3 and without a distinct posterior face; postpetiole absent; sting present and well developed.[1]


The subfamily was formerly considered a tribe within Ponerinae, but was elevated to its own subfamily in 2003 when Barry Bolton divided Ponerinae into six subfamilies.[3]


  1. ^ a b c "Subfamily: Amblyoponinae". AntWeb. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  2. ^ WARD, PHILIP S.; FISHER, BRIAN L. (2 June 2016). "Tales of dracula ants: the evolutionary history of the ant subfamily Amblyoponinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Systematic Entomology. 41 (3): 683–693. doi:10.1111/syen.12186. ISSN 0307-6970.
  3. ^ Fisher, Brian L.; Cover, Stefan P. (2007). Ants of North America: A Guide to the Genera. University of California Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-520-93455-9.
  • This article incorporates text from a scholarly publication published under a copyright license that allows anyone to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the materials in any form for any purpose: Bolton, B. (2013), "An online catalog of the ants of the world.", AntCat, retrieved 22 September 2013 Please check the source for the exact licensing terms.

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