Ambraser Hofjagdspiel

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Facsimiles displayed in the Museum of Fournier de Naipes

The Ambraser Hofjagdspiel (Court Hunting Pack of Ambras), also called the "Ambras falconer cards",[1] is a pack of cards painted around 1440–1445 and attributed to the engraver Konrad Witz from Basle, Switzerland.[2] It originally consisted of fifty-six cards from which only 54 survive, all distributed in four suits, falcons, lures, hounds and herons, symbols related to hunting.[2] Each suit contained ten pip cards with the 10s being represented by a banner like many old German playing cards and modern Swiss playing cards. There are four face cards per suit: the Unter, Ober, Queen, and King. It was found in a collection at the Ambras Castle, in Innsbruck, Austria, in the sixteenth century, and now figures as a precious item in the collection of cards of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hurst, Michael J. "Collected Fragments of Tarot History". The Arcane Archive. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b The World of Playing Cards. "The Ambras Court Hunting pack, c. 1445". WOPC. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Bialostocki, Jan (1998). El Arte Del Siglo XV: De Parler a Durero. Ediciones Akal. p. 205. ISBN 847-090-347-0.