The Town Hall of Ambronay
|Intercommunality||Plaine de l'Ain|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Gisèle Levrat|
|Area1||33.55 km2 (12.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||77/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||01007 /01500|
|Elevation||225–765 m (738–2,510 ft)
(avg. 246 m or 807 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambrunois or Ambrunoises
Anbronay is located some 50 km west of Annecy and some 50 km north-east of Lyon. The A42 autoroute (E611) traverses the western part of the commune from north to south with an exit to the D12 near the hamlet of Genoud. The D1075 road runs parallel to and east of the Autoroute from Pont-d'Ain in the north to Saint-Denis-en-Bugey in the south. The D12 and D12A road runs from Priay in the west through the commune to the village. The D36 road also runs north-east from the D1075 from the southern border of the commune to the village and continues north-east to Saint-Jean-le-Vieux. there are also numerous local roads covering the whole commune. A railway line runs from Pont d'Ain in the north to Amberieu-en-Bugey in the south parallel to and near the D1075 road. There is a railway station in the commune west of the village just north of the D12A road.
It is a rural commune with a land area of 3,355 hectares of which 720 are wooded - mostly in the east.
There are a number of hamlets in the commune. These are:
- Les Ambrines
The highest point is at a place called le Morimont which rises to 643m; on the plain the lowest point is 299m near the hamlet of Genoud.
The Ain river flows to the south just west of the commune and a number of streams flow from the commune to this river including the Cozance and the Seymard. There are a number of small lakes to the north of the village.
Roman remains are evidence of the distant origins of Ambronay. An Irish monk initially founded an abbey of women. Then in 800 Saint Barnard, an officer of the court of Charlemagne, undertook the restoration of the original buildings and installed a monastery which followed the rule of Saint Benedict. He obtained full independence for the abbey and, over the centuries, it became increasingly powerful. In a papal bull of 1051 Pope Leo IX attested to that independence. Greed and many wars, however, lead to the Abbey asking the Savoyards for protection in 1282. Ambronay was then fortified.
In 1470 the city had its current coat of arms and in 1601 it was attached to the kingdom of France by the Treaty of Lyon. Biron levelled the Dauphine tower and the decline of the Abbey continued until 1652 when it was attached to the rich congregation of monks of Saint Maur. Large restoration works were undertaken.
The French Revolution removed all religious orders on 12 July 1790 and everything from Ambronay was scattered. The cloister was converted into a prison. In 1793 Albitte pulled down the abbey tower. It was not until 21 December 1889 that Canon Garcin and MP Alexandre Bérard obtained the beginning of the classification as a historical monument of the Abbey, followed in 1905 by the cloister. The town has had its present form since 1762. The main street was then famous but then lost its covered walkway, the northern quarter, and two of its three gates. Only the Gargouille gate has been preserved.
A military camp was located on the plain in 1916 to provide bread to soldiers at the front during the First World War. It finally closed in June 2008.
The International Baroque Music Festival was created in 1980. In 2003 the Cultural Encounter Centre of Ambronay was opened.
The restoration of old buildings continues and was a part of the French government project 1000 Projets in 2009.
Gules, charged with 13 lictor's rods Tawny radiant with ears of wheat the same tied in Or.
List of mayors of Ambronay
(Not all data is known)
In 2008 Ambronay had 2,296 inhabitants (an increase of 2% compared to 1999). The town held the 4,388th rank at the national level while it was at 4285th in 1999 and 57th of the 419 communes at the departmental level.
In 2010 the commune had 2,362 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Financial year 2008
- Elements of calculation
- Total population DGF = 2,316
- Potential 4 taxes = 1,250,326
- Financial potential = 1,533,145
- Financial potential by population DGF = ~ 661.98
- Financial potential per capita stratum = ~ 727.92
- Main financial resources
- Buildings (before capping) = 255,016
- Undeveloped land (before capping) = 30,713
- Housing tax (before capping) = 200,943
- Block grant = 499,653
- assets of Urban solidarity (DSU) = 6,776
- Total assets (Lump - DSU - DSR - DNP) = 506,429
Total per population by DGF = ~ 218.66
The commune of Ambronay has a total of about 800 households, whose average income (in 2004) was around €16,200 / year. More than half of households had two vehicles (average of less than one third nationally).
The working population is about 1,000 with an unemployment rate above 9%. The commune has 82 business enterprises with core businesses being trades, construction, and particularly services.
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- Fort Sarrazin (1323)
- The Chateau of Silans Park
- The Town Hall Park. The Town Hall is an old chateau from the 16th century and was rebuilt in the 19th century.
- The Chateau of Saint-Gras Park
The commune has two religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:
- Picture Gallery of the Abbey
- The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption contains a large number of items that are registered as historical objects. To see a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) and some photos click here.
Labelled a Cultural Encounter Centre since 2003, Ambronay is a place where culture is accessible to everyone, a place of open exchange. Children, teens, amateurs, professionals, researchers, students, international artists, young professionals, everyone finds in Ambronay a creative development space open to all.
For students and young musicians, the European Baroque Academy offers master classes with many international projects and professional development.
For young people, Ambronay offers artistic and educational courses "a la carte" for, among other things, hosting cultural classes.
For amateurs, the Ambronay Festival brings together between thirty and forty renowned singers every year. Around its artistic reflection and its theme of "sacred music", the centre of research at Ambronay chooses to deploy researchers and designers in different directions working together to explore the social, intellectual, human, and artistic ramifications. Continuing its ambition to improve the employability of young musicians and researchers, Ambronay will expand its productions to enable the emerging talent of tomorrow.
Finally, the Ambronay Label has been distributed by Harmonia Mundi since 2005. With the support of institutional partners, a new phase of restoration and enhancement of its heritage is opening.
- Louis Tholon, inventor of the direct vision spectroscope, was born in the town in 1875.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Ambronay on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Ain (in French)
- Ambronay on Google Maps
- History of the Gauls from ancient times to the time of domination of the Romans, Amédée Thierry (in French)
- AMBRONAY on the 1750 Cassini Map
- AMBRONAY on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00125733 Fort Sarrazin (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000325 Chateau of Silans Park (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000323 Town Hall Park (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000322 Chateau of Saint-Gras Park (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116291 Abbey of Our Lady of Ambronay (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000324 Cloister Garden (in French)
- Tourist Routes of Ain
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