Ambronay

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Ambronay
The Town Hall of Ambronay
The Town Hall of Ambronay
Coat of arms of Ambronay
Coat of arms
Ambronay is located in France
Ambronay
Ambronay
Coordinates: 46°00′23″N 5°21′40″E / 46.0064°N 5.3611°E / 46.0064; 5.3611Coordinates: 46°00′23″N 5°21′40″E / 46.0064°N 5.3611°E / 46.0064; 5.3611
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Belley
Canton Ambérieu-en-Bugey
Intercommunality Plaine de l'Ain
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Robert Greffet
Area
 • Land1 33.55 km2 (12.95 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 2,328
 • Population2 density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01007 / 01500
Elevation 225–765 m (738–2,510 ft)
(avg. 246 m or 807 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ambronay (pronounced [ɑ̃.bʁɔ.ne]) is a French commune in the Ain department in the Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ambrunois or Ambrunoises[1]

Geography[edit]

The commune of Ambronay is at the centre of a semicircle of mountains at the foot of the westernmost foothills of the bugiste Jura and is bordered in the west by the river Ain.

Anbronay is located some 50 km west of Annecy and some 50 km north-east of Lyon. The A42 autoroute (E611) traverses the western part of the commune from north to south with an exit to the D12 near the hamlet of Genoud. The D1075 road runs parallel to and east of the Autoroute from Pont-d'Ain in the north to Saint-Denis-en-Bugey in the south. The D12 and D12A road runs from Priay in the west through the commune to the village. The D36 road also runs north-east from the D1075 from the southern border of the commune to the village and continues north-east to Saint-Jean-le-Vieux. there are also numerous local roads covering the whole commune. A railway line runs from Pont d'Ain in the north to Amberieu-en-Bugey in the south parallel to and near the D1075 road. There is a railway station in the commune west of the village just north of the D12A road.[2]

It is a rural commune with a land area of 3,355 hectares of which 720 are wooded - mostly in the east.

There are a number of hamlets in the commune. These are:

  • Championnierre
  • Chenavieux
  • Coutelieu
  • Genoud
  • Les Ambrines
  • Longeville
  • Malafan
  • Merland
  • Vorgey

The highest point is at a place called le Morimont which rises to 643m; on the plain the lowest point is 299m near the hamlet of Genoud.

The Ain river flows to the south just west of the commune and a number of streams flow from the commune to this river including La Cozance and Le Seymard. There are a number of small lakes to the north of the village.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Etymology[edit]

The name Ambronay probably comes from the Helvetii tribe of Ambrones which was part of the Kimro-Teutons people according to the terminology adopted by Amédée Thierry in the 19th century.[3]

History[edit]

Roman remains are evidence of the distant origins of Ambronay. An Irish monk initially founded an abbey of women. Then in 800 Saint Barnard, an officer of the court of Charlemagne, undertook the restoration of the original buildings and installed a monastery which followed the rule of Saint Benedict. He obtained full independence for the abbey and, over the centuries, it became increasingly powerful. In a papal bull of 1051 Pope Leo IX attested to that independence. Greed and many wars, however, lead to the Abbey asking the Savoyards for protection in 1282. Ambronay was then fortified.

In 1470 the city had its current coat of arms and in 1601 it was attached to the kingdom of France by the Treaty of Lyon. Biron levelled the Dauphine tower and the decline of the Abbey continued until 1652 when it was attached to the rich congregation of monks of Saint Maur. Large restoration works were undertaken.

The French Revolution removed all religious orders on 12 July 1790 and everything from Ambronay was scattered. The cloister was converted into a prison. In 1793 Albitte pulled down the abbey tower. It was not until 21 December 1889 that Canon Garcin and MP Alexandre Bérard obtained the beginning of the classification as a historical monument of the Abbey, followed in 1905 by the cloister. The town has had its present form since 1762. The main street was then famous but then lost its covered walkway, the northern quarter, and two of its three gates. Only the Gargouille gate has been preserved.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigrefeuille d'Aunis

Blazon:
Gules, charged with 13 lictor's rods Tenné radiant with ears of wheat the same tied in Or.




Historical Facts[edit]

The Site has been occupied since prehistoric times. The Benedictine monastery was founded at the beginning of the 9th century.

A military camp was located on the plain in 1916 to provide bread to soldiers at the front during the First World War. It finally closed in June 2008.

The International Baroque Music Festival was created in 1980. In 2003 the Cultural Encounter Centre of Ambronay was opened.

The restoration of old buildings continues and was a part of the French government project 1000 Projets in 2009. The history of Ambronay continues to be closely linked to that of France.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Ambronay

From To Name Party Position
1971 1983 François Beau
1983 2001 Daniel Benassy
2001 2008 Gabriel Fournier UDF
2008 2014 Robert Greffet[4]

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2008, Ambronay had 2296 inhabitants (an increase of 2% compared to 1999). The town held the 4,388th rank at the national level while it was at 4285th in 1999 and 57th of the 419 communes at the departmental level.

In 2009, the commune had 2,328 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,571 2,375 1,895 1,882 1,798 1,833 1,737 1,813 1,835
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,773 1,706 1,728 1,502 1,506 1,492 1,501 1,415 1,327
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,278 1,282 1,241 1,171 1,208 1,164 1,097 1,100 1,216
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
1,037 1,193 1,270 1,862 1,996 2,144 2,219 2,328 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ambronay

Economy[edit]

Financial year 2008[edit]

Elements of calculation
  • Total population DGF = 2,316
  • Potential 4 taxes = 1,250,326
  • Financial potential = 1,533,145
  • Financial potential by population DGF = ~ 661.98
  • Financial potential per capita stratum = ~ 727.92
Main financial resources
  • Buildings (before capping) = 255,016
  • Undeveloped land (before capping) = 30,713
  • Housing tax (before capping) = 200,943
  • Block grant = 499,653
  • assets of Urban solidarity (DSU) = 6,776
  • Total assets (Lump - DSU - DSR - DNP) = 506,429

Total per population by DGF = ~ 218.66

The commune of Ambronay has a total of about 800 households, whose average income (in 2004) was around €16,200 / year. More than half of households had two vehicles (average of less than one third nationally).

The working population is about 1,000 with an unemployment rate above 9%. The commune has 82 business enterprises with core businesses being trades, construction, and particularly services.

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • The Abbey of Our Lady of Ambronay has been classified as a historical monument since 1889[5]
  • The Bastide of Gironville - also called Fort-Sarrazin - has been classified as a historical monument since 2 December 1993[6]
  • The Town Hall, an ancient castle from the 16th century, rebuilt in the 19th century
Gallery of the Abbey

Culture[edit]

Labelled a Cultural Encounter Centre since 2003, Ambronay is a place where culture is accessible to everyone, a place of open exchange. Children, teens, amateurs, professionals, researchers, students, international artists, young professionals, everyone finds in Ambronay a creative development space open to all.

For students and young musicians, the European Baroque Academy offers master classes with many international projects and professional development.

For young people, Ambronay offers artistic and educational courses "a la carte" for, among other things, hosting cultural classes.

For amateurs, the Ambronay Festival Choir reunites every year between thirty and forty renowned singers. Around his artistic reflection and its theme of "sacred music", the centre of research at Ambronay chose to deploy researchers and designers in different directions working together to explore the social, intellectual, human, and artistic ramifications. Continuing its ambition to improve employability of young musicians and researchers, Ambronay will expand its productions to enable the emerging talent of tomorrow.

Finally, the Ambronay Label has been distributed by Harmonia Mundi since 2005. With the support of institutional partners, a new phase of restoration and enhancement of its heritage is opening.

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Louis Tholon, inventor of the direct vision spectroscope, was born in the town in 1875.[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

The Ambronay-Priay Station at the beginning of the 20th century

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ain (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ History of the Gauls from ancient times to the time of domination of the Romans, Amédée Thierry (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of Ain as at 16 April 2008 on the préfecture of Ain website (French)
  5. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00116291 Ambronay Abbey (French)
  6. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00125733 Bastide Gironville (French)
  7. ^ Tourist Routes of Ain