War Memorial at Ambutrix
|Intercommunality||Plaine de l'Ain|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Dominique Deloffre|
|Area1||5.22 km2 (2.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||01008 / 01500|
|Elevation||237–370 m (778–1,214 ft)
(avg. 254 m or 833 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Butrians or Butrianes.
Ambutrix is located some 2 km south-west of Amberieu-en-Bugey and some 40 km north-east of Lyon. It can be accessed by road D1075 from Saint-Denis-en-Bugey in the north which runs south though the heart of the commune and continues past Charveyron. There is also road D408 coming from the west, crossing the D1075 and continuing to the village then south to Vaux-en-Bugey. There are a number of small country roads in the commune. The commune consists mostly of farmland with forest to the west and particularly in the east. A railway runs through the commune from Saint-Denis-en-Bugey to Lagnieu in the south.
Weather Data for Amberieu-en-Bugey
|Climate data for Amberieu|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||93.8
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||53.4||81||130.5||167.2||199.6||230.9||273.9||236.2||183.2||119.9||65.1||46.3||1,787.2|
|Source: Metereological data for Amberieu-en-Bugey from 1961 to 1990 August 2014|
Azure, a city gateway Argent open masoned and windowed in Sable posed on a hillock of Gules and surmounted by a Gallic helmet winged the same; debruised by a sword of Argent piercing the gateway.
List of Successive Mayors of Ambutrix
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 660 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
Lordship and Castle of Verneaux
- Verneaux Castle: Verneaux Castle was built on the hill overlooking the village. It stood near the castle of Saint Denis en Bugey. It was probably built in the course of the 14th century. It was successively the home of the Vareilles, Rougemont, and finally the Montferrand Valernot families. The last owner of the castle was Victor de Murant. The building was almost completely destroyed during the revolution.
- The Lordship of Verneaux: The first lords of Verneaux and the builder of the castle was the House of Vareilles (according to the Samuel Guichenon collection). This family fief brought Ambutrix to the lords of Coligny. This family line ended with Agnes de Vareilles, Lady of Verneaux, who married Jacques de Rougemont in 1402 from the house of Rougemont. Thus began the branch of the lords of Verneaux with names and the copat of arms of Rougemont. In 1437 Galéas de Saleneuve, the Lord of Saint-Denis-de-Chosson (former name of Saint Denis en Bugey) faced some claims from his neighbour, Jacques Rougemont, lord of Verneaux in the parish of Ambutrix dependent on the mandate of Saint-Denis. It vigorously defended its legal rights. In 1468 Philibert de Rougemont, knight, lord of Verneaux, and grandson of Jacques de Rougemont was married. The branch of the lords of Verneaux ended with the death of Hugues de Rougemont in 1620. The possessions of the lordship were sold to Jeanne de Moyria, the widow of Hugh and Pierre de Montferrand - Lords of Château-Gaillard. It was at this time that the manor passed into the hands of the Counts of Savoy. In 1775 the lordship, by the marriage of Louise de Montferrand - the only daughter of Charles de Montferrand - passed to Hugh de Valernod, president and lieutenant-general of the presidium of Valence. Their daughter, Mary de Valernod, married Victor de Murat, the last owner of the manor.
Sites and monuments
- Baltazar Cross
- Church of Saint Maurice: This church appears for the first time in a charter from 1180. In 1191 Pope Innocent III confirmed the church as the abbey of Saint-Rambert-en-Bugey. It was then an annex of the Church of Vaux-en-Bugey which itself belonged to the diocese of Lyon.
La Vogue is held on the first weekend of September and is organized by the conscripts of the village.
- Community of communes of Plaine de l'Ain website (French)
- Ambutrix on Lion1906
- Ambutrix on Google Maps
- Ambutrix on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Amburtrix on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Ambutrix on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Ain (French)
- Google Maps
- Source: Data from the Station at Amberieu-en-Bugey
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Article in the Journal of the Bugey coast on Vernaux Castle. (French)
- Customs of the Bresse, Bugey and Gex lands, their laws, customs & edicts, Charles Revel (French)
- History of the Communes of Ain, Louis Trenard & Raymond Chevalier (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ambutrix.|