Amdanga (community development block)

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Amdanga
আমডাঙা
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Amdanga is located in West Bengal
Amdanga
Amdanga
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°48′20″N 88°30′30″E / 22.80556°N 88.50833°E / 22.80556; 88.50833Coordinates: 22°48′20″N 88°30′30″E / 22.80556°N 88.50833°E / 22.80556; 88.50833
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Area
 • Total 138.80 km2 (53.59 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 191,673
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 136,350 (80.69%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743221 (Arkhali Amdanga)
Telephone code 91 3216
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Amdanga
Website north24parganas.gov.in/n24p/index.php
CD Block

Amdanga is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barasat Sadar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Amdanga police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Amdanga. It is located 11 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Amdanga, the eponymous CD Block headquarters, is located at 22°48′20″N 88°30′30″E / 22.80556°N 88.50833°E / 22.80556; 88.50833.

Amdanga CD Block is bounded by Haringhata CD Block in Nadia district in the north, Habra II CD Block in the east, Barasat I CD Block in the south, and Barrackpore I and Barrackpore II CD Blocks in the west.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Amdanga CD Block has an area of 138.80 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Amdanga CD Block had a total population of 191,673, of which 185,054 were rural and 6,659 were urban. There were 98,618 (51%) males and 93,055 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,756. Scheduled Castes numbered 34,810 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 2,876.[5]

Amdanga (village) had a population of 3,855 in 2011.[5]

In the 2001 census, Amdanga community development block had a total population of 165, 771, out of which 85, 826 were males and 79,943 were females.[3]

Census towns and villages[edit]

There is only one census town in Amdanga CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets): Dhania (6,659).[5]

Large villages in Amdanga CD Block were (2011 census figures in brackets): Adhata (4,883), Sikra (4,194), Dariapur (5,748), Dangatanga Tangi (5,657), Bodai (6,971), Arkhali (4,033) and Beraberia (8,969).[5]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Amdanga CD Block was 136,350 (80.69% of the population over 6 years) out of which 73,244 (54%) were males and 63,106 (46%) were females.[5]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[6] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[7] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Amdanga CD Block
Muslim
  
58.48%
Hindu
  
41.30%
Others
  
0.22%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 112,093 and formed 58.48% of the population in Amdanga CD Block. Hindua numbered 79,159 and formed 41.30% of the population. Others numbered 421 and formed 0.22% of the population.[8]

In 1981 Muslims numbered 54,630 and formed 51.69% of the population and Hindus numbered 51,050 and formed 48.20% of the population. In 1991 Muslims numbered 75,360 and formed 54.21% of the population and Hindus numbered 63,545 and formed 45.72% of the population in Amdanga CD Block. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[9]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[8]In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[8]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[10]

Amdanga CD Block had a population density of 1,190 persons per km2. It was ranked 12 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 71.38%, ranking of 8. Male literacy rate was 77.91% and female literacy rate was 64.32%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Amdanga CD Block was cultivators 29.15, agricultural labourers 29.28, household industry workers 1.92 and other workers 39.64 (non-agricultural, non-household). 33.05% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[10]

In the Amdanga CD Block 12 villages had secondary schools and for 87.50% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Amdanga had 12 high schools with 12,384 students and 146 teachers. It had 5 higher secondary schools with 5,405 students and 102 teachers.[10]

In Amdanga CD Block, 88.75% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 67.50% villages had paved approach roads, 85.00% villages had primary schools, 3.75% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Amdanga CD Block, 69 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 10 villages had tap water and 1 village used canal water. Amdanga CD Block had 83 km surfaced roads and 90 km unsurfaced roads.[10]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Amdanga there were 353 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were tie and dye, mushroom cultivation, tailoring, paper bag production and goat rearing. Amdanga CD Block had 4 health centres and 25 sub-centres.[10]


Transport[edit]

Bus route no. 28 (operated privately) links Amdanga with Khanna Cinema (near Shyambazar), via Jalsha, Sethpukur, Maligram, Bandaghat, Idga.[11]

Healthcare[edit]

Amdanga is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Amdanga Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazzetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bus Routes". kolkataweb. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  12. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-24.