|Natural range of Amelanchier arborea|
Amelanchier arborea (downy serviceberry or common serviceberry), is native to eastern North America from the Gulf Coast north to Thunder Bay in Ontario and Lake St. John in Quebec, and west to Texas and Minnesota.
Amelanchier arborea is generally 5–12 m (16–39 ft) tall. Occasionally, it can grow up to 20 metres (66 ft) tall and reach into the overstory. The trunk can be up to 15 cm (6 in) in diameter (rarely to 40 cm or 16 in). The bark is smooth and gray.
The buds are slender with a pointed tip, and usually more than two scales visible. The leaves are ovate or elliptical, 4–8 cm (1 1⁄2–3 1⁄4 in), rarely 10 cm (4 in), long and 2.5–4 cm (1–1 5⁄8 in) wide, with pointed tips and finely serrated margins. A characteristic useful for identification is that the young leaves emerge downy on the underside. The fall color is variable, from orange-yellow to pinkish or reddish.
It has perfect flowers that are 15–25 mm (5⁄8–1 in) in diameter, with 5 petals, emerging during budbreak in early spring. The petals are white. Flowers are produced on pendulous racemes 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) long with 4-10 flowers on each raceme. The flowers are pollinated by bees. The fruit is a reddish-purple pome, resembling a small apple in shape. They ripen in summer and are very popular with birds.
This species tolerates varying light levels, but is at its best in full sun. It requires good drainage and air circulation and should be watered during drought. It is often confused with other species in the nursery trade. Propagation is by seed, divisions and grafting.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amelanchier arborea.|
|Wikispecies has information related to Amelanchier arborea|
- "Amelanchier arborea". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved November 24, 2004.
- "Amelanchier arborea". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved November 24, 2004.
- Tenaglia, Dan. "Amelanchier arborea page". Missouri Plants. Missouri Botanical Garden.
- Amelanchier arborea. Trees of Wisconsin.
- Bioimages: Amelanchier arborea images
- "Amelanchier × grandiflora". Plant Finder. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Moerman, Daniel (2010). Native American Food Plants: An Ethnobotanical Dictionary. Timber Press. pp. 472–473.