Amelanchier laevis

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Amelanchier laevis
Amelanchier laevis.jpg
A. laevis leaf and bark
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Amelanchier
A. laevis
Binomial name
Amelanchier laevis

Amelanchier laevis (commonly known as the smooth shadbush, smooth serviceberry, or Allegheny serviceberry) is a North American species of tree in the rose family, growing up to 9 metres (30 ft) tall. It is native to eastern Canada and the eastern United States, from Newfoundland west to Ontario, Minnesota, and Iowa, south as far as Georgia and Alabama.[3]


Amelanchier laevis has stems of 1–15 metres (3 ft 3 in–49 ft 3 in) or 2–17 metres (6 ft 7 in–55 ft 9 in) which grow in small clumps. Its petioles are 12–25 millimetres (0.47–0.98 in) with green blades which are elliptic and almost ovate. The leaves have 12–17 lateral veins and 6-8 teeth per cm. The fruit, which are pomes, are edible and can be eaten raw or cooked. The fruit has a sweet flavor. The bark can be made into a herbal medicine for expectant mothers. It is a deciduous tree hardy in zones 4 to 8.[4] It is cultivated as an ornamental shrub.[5][6][7] The cultivar 'R.J. Hilton' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8][9]


  1. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group. (2018). "Amelanchier laevis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 208. e.T135956199A135956201. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T135956199A135956201.en.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Amelanchier laevis Wiegand
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map
  4. ^ "Kentucky Cooperative Extension". Department of Horticulture. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Amelanchier laevis". University of Maine. Retrieved February 10, 2008.
  6. ^ Wiegand, Karl McKay 1912. Rhodora 14(163): 154–158 diagnosis in Latin, description and commentary in English
  7. ^ Wiegand, Karl McKay 1912. Rhodora 14(163): plate 96, figures 7A-7G line drawings of leaves, fruits, and flowers of Amelanchier laevis
  8. ^ "Amelanchier laevis 'R.J. Hilton'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Award of Garden Merit Plants November 2018 - Ornamentals" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. 2018. Retrieved 2019-03-27.

External links[edit]

Media related to Amelanchier laevis at Wikimedia Commons

Data related to Amelanchier laevis at Wikispecies