Amelia Chopitea Villa

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María Amelia Chopitea Villa (20 March 1900 – 1942)[1] was Bolivia's first female physician and writer.[2]

Biography[edit]

Chopitea Villa was born in Potosí, Bolivia in 1900. Her parents were Adolfo Chopitea and Amelia Villa.[3] Maria Amelia Chipotea Villa was born in a time when the Bolivian society was very patriarchal. Despite this, she is the first medical woman in Bolivia. She died relatively young, at the age of 51 years.

Career[edit]

After receiving a bachelor's degree, Chopitea Villa entered the College of Medicine[4] at the University of Saint Francis Xavier in Sucre, Bolivia[2] in 1919, where she was an outstanding student. During the course of her university studies, she was designated as a student intern at the Santa Bárbara Hospital. Later she became the first Bolivian woman to study medicine. [4] When she finished her university studies, she began to write her doctoral thesis, Causas de la mortalidad infantil, advised by Professor Nicolas Ortíz Antelo, was approved on 25 June 1926.[5] It focused on the high infant mortality rate of the time. She began by referring to the extraordinary frequency of mortality in the environment, with all the shortcomings of the backwardness of the national communities. She presented a statistical approach on infant mortality and mortality from the years 1920 to 1925, where she demonstrated that for every one hundred children, 39% died. In the course of a year, 870 were born and 490 died. She finished her thesis expressing her appreciation to the teachers who avished her encouragement and enthusiasm, Drs. Leónidas Tardío, Domingo Guzmán, Jaime Mendoza, Walter Villafani, had words of gratitude for his godfather, Dr. Nicolás Ortiz Antelo. She Bolivia's first graduate study in the field of pediatrics.[5]

On September 1926, The National Congress of Bolivia promulgated a law to Chopitea Villa went to Paris for further study,[2] where she studied under numerous doctors and worked for several hospitals. such as Maternity Baudeloque, Tarnier, Efants Malades and many others. In April 1929, she represented Bolivia at the Congress of the Association internationale des femmes-médecins (Medical Women's International Association) in Paris; she was the only women from South American.[5] She returned to Bolivia, where she became a prominent surgeon, specializing in gynecology and pediatrics.[3] She established the Pabellon de Niños (Children's Ward) at the Oruro Hospital.[2] The Bolivian government honoured her for her work.[2] and also helped the families of the soldiers during the Chaco War.

She was also listed in the Spanish-language book Quién es quién en Bolivia (Who is Who in Bolivia), published in 1942, the year of her death.[3] Her sister, Elia Chopitea, also studied medicine, becoming the second woman doctor in Bolivia.[5] Dr. Chipotea belonged to different scientific institutions: Member of the International Medical Association based in London. President of the Red Cross in Oruro, President of the Lions Club in Oruro (1930-1935), Member of the Association of University and Professional Women in Paris. In Oruro, she presided over the Popular American Legion of civic character. In general, she was a pioneer in the recognition of women's civil and political rights.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

Chopitea Villa is one of the 999 women commemorated in the Heritage Floor as part of Judy Chicago's 1974–9 art installation The Dinner Party at the Brooklyn Museum.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHOPITEA VILLA MARÍA AMELIA (1900 - 1951)". sucre-historica.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 2017-10-19. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Windsor, Laura Lynn (2002). Women in Medicine: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 204. ISBN 9781576073933. 
  3. ^ a b c Editorial Quién es quién en Bolivia (2010) [originally published 1942], Quién es quién en Bolivia, University of California, p. 74 
  4. ^ a b "Public Instruction and Education", Bulletin of the Pan American Union, XLVIII: 469, January–June 1919 
  5. ^ a b c d Alvarado, José María (July–December 1998), "Breve semblanza de la primera médica boliviana: Dra. María Amelia Chopitea" (PDF), Archivos bolivianos de historia de la medicina, 4 (2): 135–9 
  6. ^ "Heritage Floor", Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Brooklyn Museum, retrieved 6 August 2015 

DUBRAVCIC LUKSIC ANTONIO “Chopitea Villa María Amelia” Diccionario Biográfico Médico Hispanoamericano (DBMH 2. Bolivia) 2.15 Edición de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Venezuela Editorial Ateproca, Caracas-Venezuela febrero 2007

See also[edit]