Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr

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Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
Amelia Barr cph.3a42966.jpg
Born Amelia Edith Huddleston
(1831-03-29)March 29, 1831
Ulverston, Lancashire, England
Died March 10, 1919(1919-03-10) (aged 87)
Richmond Hill, Queens, New York
Resting place Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Tarrytown, New York
Occupation novelist, teacher
Language English
Alma mater Normal School in Glasgow, Scotland
Spouse William Barr (m. 1850–67) his death
Relatives William Huddleston (father)

Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr (March 29, 1831 – March 10, 1919) was a British novelist and teacher.[1] Her career is an illustration of the capacity of woman under stress of sorrow to conquer the world and be successful. Many of the plots of her stories are laid in Scotland and England. The scenes are from her girlhood recollection of surroundings. Her works include, Jan Vedder's Wife, The Border Shepherdess, Feet of Clay, Friend Olivia, The Bow of Orange Ribbon, Remember the Alamo, She Loved a Sailor, A Daughter of Fife, The Squire of Sanddal Side, Paul and Christina, Master of His Fate, The, Household of McNeil, The Last of the Macallisters, Between Two Loves, A Sister to Esau, A Rose of a Hundred Leaves, A Singer from the Sea, The Beads of Tasmer, The Hallam Succession, The Lone House, Christopher and Other Stories, The Lost Silver of Briffault.[2]

Early years and education[edit]

She was born on March 29, 1831 (1832 is also reported),[3] in Ulverston, Lancashire, England as Amelia Edith Huddleston. Her father was Reverend William Huddleston, a Wesleyan minister.[1] She was brought up in an atmosphere of culture and refinement, and early turned to books for recreation and instruction. When only nine years of age she became her father's companion and reader. Thus it was she read books far beyond her comprehension, but they tended to develop her mental qualities.[4] A brief return to her father's financial stability allowed Barr to return to the Normal School in Glasgow where she learned the Stowe teaching method. Its principles are based on morality and lifelong learning, rather than learning by rote.

Career[edit]

On 11 July 1850, she and a prosperous local wool merchant, Robert Barr, married. The couple emigrated to the USA in September 1853, landing in New York City. In Chicago, Illinois, Barr tutored at home, and established a school for girls, though she was not involved for long as her husband's business prospects fell through and they traveled west, settled in Austin, Texas. They remained there until after the American Civil War when they moved to Galveston, where Mr. Barr became an auditor for the state, before he and four sons were stricken with yellow fever and died.[3] Of their 12 children, several others children died young.

With her three remaining daughters, Mrs. Barr moved to Ridgewood, New Jersey in 1868. She came there to tutor the three sons of a prominent citizen, William Libby, in ancient and modern literature, music, and drawing;[3] and opened a school in a small house.[1] This structure still stands at the southwest corner of Van Dien and Linwood Avenues. Barr did not like Ridgewood and did not remain there for very long. She left shortly after selling a story to a magazine.[5]

Amelia Barr house, Orange County, New York

Barr asked advice of Henry Ward Beecher, then editor of the "Christian Union," in regard to contributions to magazines. He encouraged her to write for his paper. Through the Bouchers or Dr. Lyman Abbott, she met the Harpers and wrote for them many years. After an accident confined her to a chair, unable to employ herself otherwise, she wrote her first novel, Jan Vedder'a Wife. Thereafter, she wrote a great deal.[3] In 1869, she moved to New York City where she began to write for religious periodicals and to publish a series of semi-historical tales and novels.[1] By 1891, when she achieved greater success, she and her daughters moved up the Hudson River to Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York, where they renovated a house on the slopes of Storm King Mountain and named it Cherry Croft.[6] The name has been applied to that period of her career, the most productive and successful. She remained there until moving in with her daughter Lilly in White Plains in her last years.

Barr had a sunstroke in July 1918 and never fully recovered. She died on March 10, 1919 in Richmond Hill, Queens, New York. She was buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Tarrytown, New York near her friend, Louis Klopsch.[1][7][8]

Selected works[edit]

Novels
  • Romance and Reality (1872)
  • Jan Vedder's Wife (1885)
  • A Daughter of Fife (1886)
  • A Bow of Orange Ribbon (1886)
  • A Border Shepherdess (1887)
  • Remember the Alamo (1888)
  • Between Two Loves (1889)
  • Friend Olivia (1891)
  • A Rose of a Hundred Leaves (1891)
  • The Bow of Orange Ribbon (1893)
  • Birds of a Feather (1893)
  • The Lone House (1894)
  • Bernicia (1895)
  • A Knight of the Nets (1896)
  • Trinity Bells (1899)
  • The Maid of Maiden Lane (1900)
  • Souls of Passage (1901)
  • The Lion's Whelp (1901)
  • Thyra Varrick (1903)
  • The Black Shilling (1903)
  • Cecilia's Lovers (1906)
  • The Man Between (1906)
  • The Belle of Bowling Green (1908)
  • The Strawberry Handkerchief (1908)
  • The Hands of Compulsion (1909)
  • The House of Cherry Street (1909)
  • A Reconstructed Marriage (1910)
  • Sheila Vedder (1911)
  • The Measure of a Man (1915)
Autobiography
  • All the Days of my Life (1913)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Famous Novelist, Amelia E. Barr, Dies. Author of Eighty Works of Fiction Ends Career at 87 at Richmond Hill Home. Tragedies In Early Life. To be Buried in Sleepy Hollow, Near Louis Klopsch, Her Old Friend, According to Agreement". The New York Times. March 12, 1919. Retrieved 2012-12-01. Mrs. Amelia Edith Barr, the novelist, died Monday night at her home, 445 Bedford Avenue, Richmond Hill, L.I. She lacked only a few weeks of being 88 years old. Mrs. Barr had never completely recovered from a heat stroke ... 
  2. ^ Rutherford 1894, p. 656.
  3. ^ a b c d Rutherford 1894, p. 655-56.
  4. ^ Rutherford 1894, p. 6556.
  5. ^ Caldwell, William A.,et al.,"The History of a Village, Ridgewood, N.J.," State Tercentenary Committee, c. 1964, p. 32
  6. ^ "Amelia Barr To Sell Home. Novelist Is [nearing] 90, and Is Writing the Story of Her Life.". The New York Times (Public domain ed.). 30 December 1911. Amelia E. Barr, the novelist, whose large estate on the north side of Storm King Mountain, at Cornwall, overlooking the Hudson, has been the admiration of visitors for years, is about to sell the property. ... nearly ninety years of age, and she wants to settle her estate before she dies. ... 
  7. ^ "Amelia E. Barr Dies In Her 88th Year. Author of 63 Novels After She Reached Age of 50". Boston Globe. 12 March 1919. Retrieved 2012-12-01. Mrs. Amelia E. Barr, the author, died last night at her home in Richmond Hill, this city. Mrs Barr passed the first half of her life in comparative obscurity. She ventured upon her first novel when she was ... 
  8. ^ "Amelia E. Barr, Novelist, Dead". Hartford Courant. March 12, 1919. Retrieved 2012-12-01. Amelia E. Barr, the authoress, died last night at her home in Richmond Hill, this city. She was within a few days of being 88 years of age. She suffered a sunstroke last July and never completely rallied from its effects. Mrs. Edward Munro, a daughter, was... 

Bibliography[edit]

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