Amelia Island North Range Light

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Amelia Island North Range Light
Amelianorthrange.jpg
The 1872 Amelia Island North Range Lighthouse
Location mouth of the St. Mary's River
Florida
United States
Year first constructed 1858
Year first lit 1872 (rebuilt)
Deactivated 1899
Construction wooden tower
Tower shape square parallelepiped tower with balcony and lantern atop keeper's house
Markings / pattern white tower and lantern
Original lens Sixth order Fresnel lens
Characteristic F R
ARLHS number USA-1054[1][2]

The Amelia Island North Range Light was built to mark a channel over the sandbar at the mouth of the St. Mary's River, which led to the harbor at Fernandina Beach, Florida, on Amelia Island. It consisted of a lighthouse and a front range tower with a light, arranged so that when ships could see one light above the other, they were lined up with the channel. During the Civil War Confederate forces removed the lenses from the lights. Union forces seized Fernandina Beach, Fort Clinch and the lighthouse in 1862.

It is known that the front range tower was destroyed during the war. There is no record of when the lighthouse was destroyed, but a new lighthouse was built in 1872. As the channel over the sand bar shifted with time, the front range light was periodically moved to maintain an alignment with the channel. In 1887 the rear range light was moved from the lighthouse to a tramway to permit proper adjustments to be made to the alignment. The light was decommissioned in 1899 after the channel was sufficiently marked with buoys. The lighthouse was listed in a survey in 1924, but has since disappeared.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Amelia Island North Range Rear The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 28 June 2016
  2. ^ Amelia Island Rear Range Light Lightouse Explorer. Retrieved 28 June 2016

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