|Amelia "Amy" Cutsack Trice|
|Chairwoman of the Kootenai Tribal Council leader|
|Born||April 26, 1936
Bonners Ferry, Idaho
|Died||July 21, 2011
|Spouse(s)||Xavier Aitken, m. 1954; David Trice, m. 1969|
|Known for||Idaho's Forgotten War, 1974|
In the 1930s, the Kootenai Indians lived in tipis near Bonners Ferry, Idaho. Their allotment lands had been dissipated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. A local physician managed to persuade the government to build eighteen houses. These had running water, but no bathing facilities, which were provided in a community center. By the 1970s nothing had changed. The Bureau of Indian Affairs asserted that the tribe had too small an enrollment to qualify for any assistance. Amy Trice decided to do something about it.
Declared on Sept. 20, 1974, the Kootenai War began when
... tribal members set up informational pickets and asked for 10-cent tolls on U.S. Highway 95 on the north and south sides of Bonners Ferry ... "The state police came with Mace and sawed-off shotguns," Trice said at the time. "The closest thing we had to a weapon in our tribal office was a fly swatter."
Trice had an ace in the hole. She said she was prepared to call the American Indian Movement for help, the same organization that had gotten into an armed standoff at Wounded Knee, S.D., a year earlier.
Trice was also known for her efforts to preserve traditional Kutenai culture and beliefs. She was fond of playing stick game, and took up water aerobics in her 60s. "She was a founding member of Upper Columbia United Tribes (UCUT), received the Women of Color Alliance Breaking Barriers for Women of Color in Idaho Award and the Chairman's Award from the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes."
- "Idaho Public Television's Idaho, A Portrait - Amy Trice". Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Praeger, Mike (2011-07-29). "Kootenai tribal elder Trice dies". The Spokesman-Review, Spokesman.com. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Amelia "Amy" Cutsack Trice
- Sonia Rosario (Director) (2007). Idaho's Forgotten War. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- "Leader of last American Indian war dies at 75". Deseret News. 2011-07-29. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Amelia Trice Obituary - Bonners Ferry, Idaho - Leader of 1970s nonviolent Indian war dies at 75". Tributes: New Hampshire Obituaries. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- "Amelia "Amy" Cutsack Trice, 75". Bonners Ferry Herald. 2011-08-04. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Idaho's Forgotten War, documentary