The road into Amendeuix
|Canton||Pays de Bidache, Amikuze et Ostibarre|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Arnaud Mandagaran|
|Area1||7.66 km2 (2.96 sq mi)|
|• Density||58/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64018 /64120|
|Elevation||32–168 m (105–551 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Amendeuix-Oneix is located some 50 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 40 km south-west of Orthez in the Mixe country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre. The village can be accessed by the D124 road from Garris in the west passing northeast to the village then continuing north to join the D29. The D11 road also passes through the south of the commune from Garris to Saint-Palais. The small D511 road links the D11 to the D124 within the commune.
Located in the Drainage divide of the Adour, the northern part of the eastern border of the commune is the Bidouze which flows north to join the Adour west of Peyrehorade. The southern part of the eastern border consists of the Joyeuse with many tributaries rising in the commune including the Algueruko erreka, the Sallarteko erreka, and the Soubiaga erreka. The Aitzeguerris rises just south of the village and flows into the Bidouze.
The current Basque name is Amendüze-Unaso. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Oneix means the 'place of abundant hills'. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval however suggested that Oneix came from the Basque Unanu which means the Asphodelus (plant) and signifies a "place where the asphodelus is abundant. She also suggested that the origin of Amendeuix was Aquitane-Roman to designate a noble domain.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Amendeuix||Sanctus Joannes de Mindus||1160||Orpustan||Village|
|Sent-Johan de Mendux||1472||Raymond||
|Oneix||Sanctus Petrus de Onas||1160||Orpustan||Village|
||Fief, Vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
|Lanevieille||La noble salle de Lanevielhe d'Amenduxs||1600||Raymond||
||Pau||Fief, Vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
||Fief, Vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche
- Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona
- Pau: Titles of the Chamber of the Counts of Pau
- Biscay: Martin Biscay
In the 16th century (1594), evidence of witchcraft was reported by an admonition to the States of Navarre by the Prosecutor of Mixe (together with those of Arberoue, Ostabaret, Irissarry, Ossès, Baigorri, and La Bastide-Clairence), who complained of a lack of prosecution and requesting that each town or district of Lower Navarre elect "two men of good character who are not suspects to find and punish the perpetrators of these crimes of witchcraft, apostasy, and magic: to be joined with the people of Roy and all at the expense of those convicted or, in case of insolvency, to those countries and places which will be instructed". Part of this admonition followed a request from the inhabitants of Amendeuix dating from 1587 who claimed to have been victims of "spells that were manifested mainly by evil barking".
The village of Oneix joined with Amendeuix to form the commune of Amendeuix-Oneix on 27 August 1846.
Quarterly, 1 and 4 of Or with an Oak vert debruised by a boar of sable at the foot of the tree; at 2 and 3 party per fesse wavy of argent and azure.
List of Successive Mayors
|1938||1945||Auguste de Castelbajac|
|2001||2014||Armel Pierre Drouilhet|
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to seven inter-communal structures:
- the community of communes of Amikuze
- the AEP Association for Mixe country
- the sanitation association for Saint-Palais - Luxe-Sumberraute
- the association for school buses of Amendeuix-Oneix and Gabat
- the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the operation of schools in Amikuze
- the association to support Basque culture
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with that of 1551 men and weapons that are in this kingdom of Navarre this side of the ports, reveals a demography with strong growth. The first census indicated the presence of 13 fires in Amendeuix with the second showing 40 (33 + 7 secondary fires). The same census reported 8 fires in Oneix in 1412-1413 against 17 (14 + 3 secondary fires) in 1551.
In 2009 the commune had 407 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
From 1793 to 1841 the population includes Oneix although it was still a separate commune at that time.
Culture and Heritage
According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the dialect of Basque spoken in Amendeuix-Oneix is eastern low Navarrese.
Two churches in the commune are registered as historical monuments:
- The Church of Saint Peter (1787) at Oneix.
- The Church of Saint John the Baptist (1903) at Amendeuix.
The commune has a kindergarten.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place-names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque Language
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, 246 pages, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Amendeuix-Oneix
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
- Titles of the Chamber of the Counts of Pau in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622 (Spanish)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, p. 248. (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze-Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, p. 77 (French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 26. (French). The same work by Manex Goyhenetche indicated on page 284 that there was an average of 5.5 people per fire.
- Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of Old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau Register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in Gewneral History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 299 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000681 Church of Saint Peter (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000680 Church of Saint John the Baptist (French)
- RPI website (French)
- in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- Amendeuix-Oneix on Lion1906
- Amenduix and Oneix on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Amendeuix-Oneix on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
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