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The picturesque situation of Amer at the mouth of a rocky mountain gorge, in which nestles a lake, has attracted the admiration of travellers, including Victor Jacquemont and Reginald Heber. It is seen to be a remarkable example for its combined Rajput-Mughal architecture. The Amer Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the top tourist attraction in the Jaipur area.
Amer was founded by Meena King Alan Meena. Later Amer was conquered by Raja Kokil Dev the Grandson of Dulherai Kachwaha clan of Rajputs from Meena tribal chieftains after defeating them. He then shifted his capital from Jamwaramgarh to Amer. This fort is also called as Kokilgarh[unreliable source?]Much of the present structure known as Amer Fort is actually the palace built by brave Kachwaha ruler Raja Man Singh who ruled from 1590 to 1614 AD. The palace contains several spectacular buildings, such as the Diwan-i-Khas, and the elaborately painted Ganesh Pole built by the renowned King Mirza Raja Jai Singh I (Man Singh I's grandson). There is a temple dedicated to Shila devi, a Goddess of Chaitanya cult, which was given to Raja Man Singh when he defeated the Raja of Jessore, Bengal in 1604. There is also Sheesh Mahal ( Mirror Palace ), Jagat Shiromani Temple, Sukh Niwas where cool climate is artificially created. Also there is Suhag temple inside the fort. This fort is located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela ( Hill of Eagles ) on the Aravalli range Hill. The other fort of Amer is Jaigarh Fort, which was actually the main defensive structure rather than the palace itself. The construction of this fort was started by Sawai Man Singh-I in 1600 AD, it was later renovated by Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh. The two structures are interconnected by a series of encompassing fortifications.
Amer was capital of the mighty Kachwaha until 1727 when the ruler of Amer, Sawai Jai Singh II founded a capital Jainagara (Jaipur), named after him, about nine kilometers south of Amer. After the founding of this new town, the royal palace and houses of prominent persons were shifted to Jaipur. The priests of Shila Devi temple, who were Bengali Brahmins, continued to live in the fort (to this date), while the Jaigarh fort above the palace also remained heavily garrisoned. The capital of Kachwaha was supplanted by the modern city of Jaipur, which is the capital of the Rajasthan state in India.
Controversy over renovation practices
Poor site management and development pressures have dramatically altered the historical integrity of Amer. The building that rings around the Jaleb Chwok courtyard "has been converted to a market place with shops selling showpieces and dresses. They have cafeterias, cyber cafés, etc.", according to the Times of India. In the summer of 2009, the Rajasthan High Court launched a three-member panel charged with investigating the controversial renovations and determining to what extent the cultural heritage of the site was compromised.
List of villages
- Bhatto Ki Gali
- Chittanu Kalan
- Durga Ka Bas
- Khora Beesal
- Khora Meena
- Khora Shyamdas
- Manpura Macheri
- Nangal Suwasatan
- Rampura Dabri
- Shyam Nagar ( Lakher)
- Amer Fort
- Maota Lake
- Jagat shiromani Temple
- Jaigarh Fort
- Nahargarh Biological Park
- Step well pool
- Water Gateways
Nahargarh Biological Park
This park is home to species whose numbers have declined over the years, such as the Indian leopard. The flora is composed of plants that are representative of the ecoregion, that is Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests.
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- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Amber". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 792.
- Times of India (21 February 2009). "Barbarians at Work in Amer?". Times of India.
- The Times of India (5 May 2009). "Three-member Panel to Probe Amer Fort Restoration". The Times of India.
- "Nahargarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India". Travel India. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Singh, Rachna (3 January 2009). "Amer Palace Renovation: Tampering with history?". Times of India.
- Times of India (21 February 2009). "How Marshall's Guidelines Were Violated". Times of India.
- Times of India (16 February 2009). "Film Crew Drilled Holes in Amer". Times of India.
- Times of India (14 February 2009). "HC Stays Shooting of Salman Film". Times of India.