The America Line (German: Amerikalinie) is the unofficial name of a railway line in northern Germany which is mainly of regional importance today. It runs in an east-west direction and links Stendal in Saxony-Anhalt with the Hanseatic city of Bremen.
The America Line was originally the central element of direct links from Magdeburg and, most importantly, Berlin to the North Sea ports. It was given its colloquial name because many emigrants from East and West Prussia, Silesia and the provinces of Posen and Pomerania travelled on the line to Bremerhaven, where there was a connexion to emigration ships sailing to America on the Columbus Quay (Columbuskaje). In the opposite direction many goods trains laden with fresh fish ran from Bremerhaven to the capital of the German Reich. Because Kaiser Wilhelm II occasionally travelled on this route from Berlin to the naval bases on the North Sea, it is sometimes also called the Emperor Line (Kaiserlinie). Several express trains ran on this line on the route from Berlin–Wilhelmshaven to Berlin–Norddeich. During the Cold War, the line was cut next to Nienbergen station as a result of the creation of the Inner German border.
The Lower Saxon town of Uelzen is the historical and geographical centre point of the route, and the point at which it is divided from a historical, operational and timetable point of view into an eastern section that is now electrified and upgraded, and a western section that is mostly non-electrified and also known as the Uelzen Railway (Uelzener Bahn).
- Ralf Roman Rossberg: Grenze über deutschen Schienen 1945-1990. 2. Auflage, EK-Verlag, Freiburg 1991, ISBN 3-88255-829-6