|Opening date||June 29, 1974|
|Closing date||April 10, 1988|
|Replaced||Carousel of Progress|
|Attraction type||Rotating Theater|
|Theme||American Musical History|
Eagle Sam (Burl Ives),Ollie Owl (Sam Edwards)
|Additional Voices||Bob Holt
|Sponsor||Del Monte Foods|
America Sings was an attraction at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, USA, from 1974 to 1988. It featured a cast of audio animatronics animals that entertained the audience by singing songs from various periods in America's musical history, often in a humorous fashion.
America Sings opened on June 29, 1974, replacing the General Electric-sponsored Carousel of Progress attraction, which had moved to the Magic Kingdom at the Walt Disney World Resort in 1973. America Sings used the same Carousel Theater as its predecessor. The building had an outer ring of six theaters, connected by divider walls, that revolved mechanically about every four minutes around the six fixed stages in the center of the building.
Unlike Disneyland's Carousel of Progress, which rotated clockwise, America Sings rotated in a counter-clockwise direction. Also, unlike Carousel of Progress, America Sings only used the lower level of the Carousel Theater. The upper level was eventually used to house the SuperSpeed Tunnel in 1977 (which later became the Game Grid of Tron) that the PeopleMover transportation attraction passed through.
Written primarily by Marc Davis and Al Bertino, America Sings was comparable to Disneyland's Country Bear Jamboree, in that it featured a singing cast of audio-animatronics animals. The show's Masters of Ceremonies were an American bald eagle named Sam (voiced by Burl Ives) and an owl named Ollie (voiced by Sam Edwards). The image of Eagle Sam was designed by Disney animator Marc Davis, as were the other characters. Eagle Sam is completely separate from the Sam the Olympic Eagle character designed a decade later by C. Robert Moore (also a Disney employee) for the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Like the Carousel of Progress, the first and the last scenes of America Sings involved the loading and unloading of guests, while the other four scenes, or "acts," depicted a particular era. However, the identical load and unload theaters each featured a small curtained gazebo with a backdrop showing a park. The curtains would open to reveal Sam and the owl standing on a two-level podium, with Sam standing on the higher level, introducing or closing the show.
Between each act, as the theater rotated, the lights blacked out, and the theater illuminated with flashing stars; during the rotations, Sam sang about the next era the audience was about to enter, reprising the chorus of "Yankee Doodle".
Also, at some point in each act, the Weasel would suddenly appear on the scene, spouting the title line, "Pop, Goes the Weasel!" for a total of five times. At the very end of the show, he changed the line to, "Goodbye, Goes the Weasel!"
The characters in America Sings were patterned after the characters from the concept art for an animated movie called Chanticleer, that Walt Disney scrapped back in the 1960s.
- "Yankee Doodle" - Eagle Sam
- "Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair" - Eagle Sam
- "Pop Goes the Weasel" - Ollie Owl and the weasel
Act 1 - The Deep South
- "Dixie" / "L'il Liza Jane" / "Camptown Races" - Geese Quartet
- "My Old Kentucky Home" - Colonel Houndstoothe (Bassett hound in rocking chair)
- "Polly Wolly Doodle" - The Swamp Boys (gator trio, frogs and harmonica-playing raccoon)
- "Lord I Wish I Was A Single Girl Again" - Mother Possum with babies
- "Down in the Valley" - Coyote
- "Down by the Riverside" - Hens, Foxes, Swamp Boy Frogs
Act 2 - Headin' West
- "Drill, Ye Tarriers, Drill" / "I've Been Working on the Railroad" / "Fireball Mail" - Geese Quartet, a rabbit and a coyote
- "The Old Chisholm Trail" - Saddlesore Swanson (turkey)
- "Who Shot The Hole in My Sombrero?" - Sombrero-wearing dog
- "The End of Billy the Kid" - The Boothill Boys (vulture duo)
- "Home on the Range" - Tex Ranger (dog)
Act 3 - The Gay '90s
- "She May Be Somebody's Mother" / "The Bowery" / "After the Ball" - Geese Quartet
- "Where is My Wandering Boy To-night?" - Geese Quartet & Mother Rabbit
- "Won't You Come Home Bill Bailey" - Showgirl Pig
- "Sweet Adeline" - Blossom-Nose Murphy (goose) & Geese Quartet
- "The Old Gray Mare" - The Old Gray Mare & Geese Quartet
- "Only a Bird in a Gilded Cage" - Bird in a Gilded Cage and Fox
- "Ta-ra-ra Boom-de-ay" - Bird in a Gilded Cage, Fox, Storks, Geese Quartets (male and female), Pig, Sam and Ollie
Act 4 - Modern Times
- "Ja-Da" / "Darktown Strutters' Ball" / "Singin' in the Rain" - Geese Quartet
- "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" / "Boo-Hoo" - College Quartet (male wolf, male fox and two female cats)
- "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar" - Piano Pig
- "Hound Dog" / "See You Later Alligator" - Rooster, Stork, Porcupine, Hound Dog and Alligator
- "Shake, Rattle and Roll" - Rooster and Frog
- "Twistin' U.S.A." - Motorcycle storks
- "Joy to the World" - Modern Times cast (except Piano Pig)
- "Yankee Doodle" (reprise) - Eagle Sam
- "Auld Lang Syne" - Sam and Ollie
- Exit music: "Stars and Stripes Forever"
Incident and renovation
On July 8, 1974, nine days after the attraction opened, 18-year-old Disneyland cast member and America Sings hostess Deborah Gail Stone was crushed to death between two walls of the building around 10:35-10:40pm. A narrow channel between a stationary wall and a rotating wall was open and Stone either fell, stepped backwards or tried to jump from one stage to the other as the rotating wall began to move (it moved every 2–4 minutes which was how long each act was). She died 20 minutes later at 11pm when the carousel was being reset for a new cycle. One of the audience members heard Stone's screams and notified park staff. Other employees didn't notice the dismembered body until the end of the show and thought that Deborah's death screams were part of the show. Stone's parents attempted to sue Disney for the death of their daughter, which resulted in a small settlement.
After the incident, the attraction was abruptly closed down and remained closed while safety lights were being installed. Later on, the walls in the theater were remodeled so that they would break away in case a similar incident happened. The attraction did not reopen until July 11, 1974.
America Sings was born out of the company's desire to celebrate America's Bicentennial. It didn't quite fit the theme of the land, but it's relevance to that period in America made it appropriate. However, once the Bicentennial was over, the attraction became more misplaced, in a land dedicated to all things futuristic. Disney's imagineering team began dreaming up new ideas for Tomorrowland, that included a new show in the carousel theater more fitting for the land of the future. Separately, in 1984, the log flume attraction Splash Mountain idea was born. Knowing America Sings was eventually to close for a more appropriately themed show, the idea developed to give most of America Sings' audio animatronic figures a new home in Splash Mountain.
In 1986, roughly two years before America Sings' impending closure, two audio-animatronic geese were taken out of the attraction. Their "skin" was removed, leaving only the robotic skeletons. Their heads were then replaced, and they were used as two talkative G2 droids in the queue to Star Tours, which would open in early 1987. One of them (named G2-9T) still sings a modified "I've Been Working on the Railroad" (retitled "I've Been Looking at the Same Bag") in Star Tours: The Adventures Continue. As a result, the geese quartets in Acts 1 and 2 became trios until America Sings ceased to operate.
Show sponsor Del Monte having already ended its sponsorship, America Sings officially closed on Sunday, April 10, 1988. Within days, crews soon began to move most of the Audio-Animatronic animals to the flume ride, which opened in the summer of 1989. The rock and roll stork in the finale is now used by Imagineers for training new Animatronics programmers, acting as a final exam of sorts. The remainder of the show's Audio-Animatronics were recycled.
The Carousel Theater was used as office space for ten years. During this time, the carousel theater's external appearance was unchanged, and the upper level continued to house the Tron tunnel for the PeopleMover until that attraction ceased to operate in 1995. A large sign in front of the building showed Sorcerer Mickey alongside text reading, "Sorry, we're closed to imagineer a brand new attraction." This gave guests some hope that a new attraction was in the works, but the building was not touched for nearly a decade. For many years guests wondered what the new attraction replacing America Sings was going to be. For a few years, during the planned 'Disney Decade' started by Michael Eisner, a new audio-animatronic show called Plectu's Fantastic Intergalactic Revue was to open. It was to have been an outer space-themed musical-variety revue featuring a troupe of Audio-Animatronics itinerant alien musicians whose spaceship had landed in Tomorrowland. The idea was part of the original "Tomorrowland 2055" plan and was planned to open around 1994. However, Disneyland Paris, which opened in 1992, ended up costing the Disney company billions of dollars putting them in debt, so the whole "Tomorrowland 2055" plan was scrapped due to budget considerations.
From the day of its closure until 1996, the inside of the lower level of the Carousel Theater was used for storage and office space leaving only remnants of deteriorating sets and backdrops as well as the empty, unused theater seats. America Sings was finally replaced by Innoventions, a version of the Epcot attraction of the same name, in 1998 as part of the new Tomorrowland update of that year.
- Complete show script from DisneyPhenom.com (via archive.org). and complete script at Operation Preserve Disneyland. Archived October 25, 2009.
- "Guide to the Norman "Buddy" Baker Collection". Fales Library and Special Collections. New York University Libraries. 2006. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
- Remembering Deborah - July 8, 1974
- Mouseplanet: In Memory
- America Sings Historical DVD from Extinct Attractions Club
- Yesterland entry on the show
- Deborah Gail Stone on snopes.com
- America Sings Farewell Part 1 (YouTube video documenting final performance of America Sings) -- accessed July 6, 2008
- America Sings Farewell Part 2 (YouTube video documenting final performance of America Sings) -- accessed July 6, 2008