American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers

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Portrait of founder Louis N. Hammerling, ca.1912

The American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers was founded by Louis Nicholas Hammerling in 1908.[1] It served as an intermediary between "respectable national advertisers" and the foreign-language newspapers that profited from publishing advertisements.[2] Frances Kellor[3] led the effort after Hammerling's patriotism came under question ca.1918.[2][4][5] Critics included Robert Ezra Park.[6]


  1. ^ "Tenth Anniversary of the American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers, Inc.". Printers' Ink. NY. June 6, 1918. 
  2. ^ a b Jim Sleeper (1999), Should American Journalism Make Us Americans?, USA: Harvard University, Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy 
  3. ^ Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey, ed. (2000), Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science, Routledge, ISBN 9780415920384 
  4. ^ A Menace to Americanization, New York, N.Y: Narodni List, 1919 
  5. ^ Brewing and Liquor Interests and German Propaganda: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1919 
  6. ^ Robert Ezra Park (1922), The Immigrant Press and its Control, New York: Harper & Brothers, OCLC 762077 

Further reading[edit]

  • The American Leader. New York: American Association of Foreign Language Newspapers.  v.1 (1912)