American Ballet Theatre

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American Ballet Theatre
American Ballet Theatre logo.png
General information
Name American Ballet Theatre
Previous names Ballet Theatre
Year founded 1939[1]
Principal venue Metropolitan Opera House
New York City
Website abt.org
Artistic staff
Artistic Director Kevin McKenzie
Other
Associated schools Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School
Formation
  • Principal
  • Soloist
  • Corps de Ballet
  • Apprentice

American Ballet Theatre (ABT) is a classical ballet company based in New York City. It has an annual eight-week season at the Metropolitan Opera House (Lincoln Center) in the spring and a shorter season at the David H. Koch Theater in the fall; the company tours around the world the rest of the year. ABT was founded in 1939 by Lucia Chase and Richard Pleasant and is recognized as one of the world's leading classical ballet companies. ABT is also the parent company of the American Ballet Theatre Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School, and was recognized as "America's National Ballet Company" in 2006 by the United States Congress.[2][3]

History[edit]

In 1939, Pleasant and Chase developed big ideas to create "a large scale company with an eclectic repertory".[1][4] They and a small group from Mordorkin Ballet formed Ballet Theatre and held their first performance on 11 January 1940.[1][5] Chase began developing the company's repertoire of well-known full-length ballets, as well as original works, amidst financial issues, until in 1945 Oliver Smith joined Ballet Theatre and became co-director with Chase. In 1957 the company changed its name to "American Ballet Theatre" and continued to focus on ballet classics with continued financial issues until, during the 1960s and 1970s, financial conditions with the company were favorable due to private funding. During this period, American Ballet Theatre shifted its focus to recruiting ballet stars.

In 1977, the company began its spring season at the Metropolitan Opera House, its new official venue, then in 1980 Mikhail Baryshnikov became Artistic Director for American Ballet Theatre. Baryshnikov staged, restaged, and refurbished numerous classical ballets and, according to the company, strengthened their classical tradition. Baryshnikov was replaced by Jane Hermann and Oliver Smith in 1989, and the pair remained as Artistic Directors until in 1992 Kevin McKenzie was appointed. McKenzie satisfied the demands of the traditional ballet audience by prioritizing full-length narrative ballets as well as succeeding in keeping the company afloat during financially unstable times. He established an official associate school in 2004, the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School and appointed Alexei Ratmansky as "Artist in Residence" in January 2009 after a long period of no in-house choreographer.[6][7]

Artistic staff[edit]

Artistic directors[edit]

Resident choreographers[edit]

Dancers[edit]

American Ballet Theatre has four levels within the company. They are (in ascending order): Apprentice,[9] Corps de Ballet,[10] Soloist[11] and Principal.[12]

Principals[edit]

Name Nationality Training Other Companies
(inc. guest performances)
Stella Abrera United States Le Studio
West Coast Ballet Theatre
Halliday Dance Centre
Royal New Zealand Ballet
Ballet Philippines
The Australian Ballet
Roberto Bolle Italy La Scala Theatre Ballet School English National Ballet
Finnish National Ballet
La Scala Theatre Ballet
National Ballet of Canada
Stuttgart Ballet
The Royal Ballet
Isabella Boylston United States Academy of Colorado Ballet
Harid Conservatory
ABT Studio Company
Jeffrey Cirio United States Central Pennsylvania Youth Ballet
Boston Ballet II
Orlando Ballet School
Boston Ballet
Misty Copeland United States San Pedro Dance Center
Lauridsen Ballet Center
San Francisco Ballet School
ABT Studio Company
Herman Cornejo Argentina Instituto Superior de Arte at Teatro Colón
School of American Ballet
Ballet del Teatro Argentino de La Plata
Ballet Argentino
Barcelona Ballet (former Corella Ballet Castilla y León)
Compañia de Danza Comtemporánea de Cuba
Boston Ballet
New York City Ballet
Sapporo Ballet
Marcelo Gomes Brazil Helena Lobato and Dalal Achcar Ballet School
Harid Conservatory
Paris Opera Ballet School
Houston Ballet Academy
Boston Ballet School
Cuballet
Mariinsky Ballet (former Kirov Ballet)
The Royal Ballet
David Hallberg United States School of Ballet Arizona
Paris Opera Ballet School
ABT Studio Company
Bolshoi Ballet
Colon Theater Ballet
Kiev Ballet
Royal Swedish Ballet
Gillian Murphy United States University of North Carolina School of the Arts
Columbia City Ballet
Kiev Ballet
Mariinsky Ballet
Royal New Zealand Ballet
Royal Swedish Ballet
Staatsballett Berlin
Veronika Part Russia Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet Mariinsky Ballet
Polina Semionova Russia Moscow State Academy of Choreography Berlin State Ballet
Bolshoi Ballet
California Ballet
English National Ballet
La Scala Theatre Ballet
Mariinsky Ballet
Stuttgart Ballet
Tokyo Ballet
Vienna State Opera Ballet
Zurich Ballet
Hee Seo South Korea Sun-hwa Arts Middle School
Universal Ballet Academy
John Cranko Ballet Academy
ABT Studio Company
Daniil Simkin Russia Olga Aleksandrova Lithuanian National Opera and Ballet Theatre
Vienna State Opera Ballet
Cory Stearns United States Seiskaya Ballet School
Royal Ballet School
ABT Studio Company
Ivan Vasiliev Russia Dnipropetrovsk Ballet School
Belarusian State Choreographic College
Bolshoi Ballet
Mikhaylovsky Theatre
National Opera and Ballet of Belarus
Novosibirsk Opera and Ballet Theatre
Diana Vishneva Russia Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet Bayerisches Staatsballett
La Scala Theatre Ballet
Mariinsky Ballet
James Whiteside United States D'Valda and Sirico Dance and Music Centre
Virginia School of the Arts
Boston Ballet II
Boston Ballet
Ballet Philippines

Soloists[edit]

Name Nationality Training Other Companies
(inc. guest performances)
Kristi Boone United States Draper Dance Studio
Rochester City Ballet
San Francisco Ballet School
Chautauqua Institute Ballet
Ellizzette Duvall France Paris Opera Ballet School
New York City Ballet
Champaign-Urbana Ballet Academy
School of American Ballet
ABT Studio Company
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School
Twyla Tharp
Joseph Gorak United States North Central School of Ballet (TX)
Orlando Ballet School
ABT Studio Company
Orlando Ballet
Alexandre Hammoudi France Paris Opera Ballet School
School of American Ballet
ABT Studio Company
Cuban National Ballet
Stars of American Ballet
Blaine Hoven United States North Carolina School of the Arts

ABT Studio Company

Sarah Lane United States Ballet Memphis
Draper Center for Dance Education
Boston Ballet School
Craig Salstein United States Ballet Academy of Miami
Miami City Ballet School
Joffrey Ballet School
School of American Ballet
ABT Studio Company
Intermezzo Dance Company
Christine Shevchenko Ukraine Pennsylvania Ballet Rock School
ABT Studio Company
Devon Teuscher United States Champaign-Urbana Ballet Academy
Vermont Ballet Theatre School
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School (ballet)
ABT Studio Company
Roman Zhurbin Russia Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School
Studio Maestro
ABT Studio Company

Corps de ballet[edit]

The American Ballet Theatre's current Corps de Ballet includes:[10]

Apprentices[edit]

The American Ballet Theatre's current apprentices includes:[13]