American Committee for Cultural Freedom

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The American Committee for Cultural Freedom (ACCF) was the U.S. affiliate of the anti-Communist Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF).

Overview[edit]

The ACCF and CCF were organizations that, during the Cold War, sought to encourage intellectuals to be critical of the Soviet Union and Communism, and to combat, according to a writer for The New York Times, "the continuing strength of the Soviet myth among the Western cultural elite. Despite all that had happened - the Moscow show trials, the Nazi-Soviet pact, the assassination of Leon Trotsky, the Russian attack on Finland, the takeovers in Eastern Europe, the mounting evidence of the gulag - Joseph Stalin still retained the loyalty of many writers, artists and scientists who viewed the Soviet Union as a progressive alternative to the 'reactionary,' 'war-mongering' United States."[1] The CCF was in part funded by the CIA.

Members[edit]

The dominant figure in the organization was Sidney Hook. Its 600-strong membership encompassed leading figures on both the Right and the Left, some of whom included:

The committee's central or executive committee varied over time. James Burnham was a member until he left the group circa 1954.[3] Whittaker Chambers joined in late 1954 and was also a member of the executive committee.[4][5][6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cranky Integrity on the Left" in The New York Times (August 27, 1989)
  2. ^ "Robert G. Davis, 90, Author, Professor and Literary Critic". The New York Times. 17 July 1998. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  3. ^ Smant, Kevin J. (1992). How Great the Triumph: James Burnham, Anti-Communism, and the Conservative Movement. University Press of America. p. 45. 
  4. ^ Chambers, Whittaker (1987). Odyssey of a Friend (reprint ed.). Washington: Regnery. p. 229. 
  5. ^ Navasky, Victor (2013). Naming Names. Open Road Media. ISBN 9781480436213. 
  6. ^ Gollin, James (2001). Pied Piper: The Many Lives of Noah Greenberg. Pendragon Press. p. 143. ISBN 9781576470411. 
  7. ^ Pells, Richard H. (1989). The Liberal Mind in a Conservative Age. Wesleyan University Press. p. 340. ISBN 9780819562258. 
  8. ^ Ceplair, Larry (2011). Anti-communism in Twentieth-Century America. ABC-CLIO. p. 134. ISBN 9781440800481. 

Sources[edit]