American Farm Bureau Federation

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American Farm Bureau Federation
Farm-bureau.png
Founder John Barron
Type Agricultural organization
Focus Agriculture
Location
Area served
United States
Method Lobbying
Key people
Vincent "Zippy" Duvall (President)
Website www.fb.org
American Farm Bureau Federation Annual Convention

The American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF), more commonly referred to as Farm Bureau (FB), is an independent, non-governmental, voluntary organization governed by and representing farm and ranch families united for the purpose of analyzing their problems and formulating action to achieve educational improvement, economic opportunity and social advancement and, thereby, to promote the national well-being. Farm Bureau is local, county, state, national and international in its scope and influence and is non-partisan, non-sectarian and non-secret in character. Farm Bureau is the voice of agricultural producers at all levels. AFBF is headquartered in Washington, D.C. There are 50 state affiliates and one in Puerto Rico.

History[edit]

The Farm Bureau movement officially started in 1911 when John Barron, a farmer who graduated from Cornell University, worked as an extension agent in Broome County, New York. He served as a "Farm Bureau" representative for farmers with the Binghamton, New York Chamber of Commerce. The effort was financed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Lackawanna Railroad. The Broome County Farm Bureau was soon separated from the Chamber of Commerce. Other farm bureaus on a county level formed across the country.

In 1914, with the passage of the Smith–Lever Act of 1914, the U.S. Congress agreed to share with the states the cost of programs for providing what had come to be called "county agents", who furnished farmers information on improved methods of animal husbandry and crop production developed by the agricultural colleges and agricultural experiment stations, which has evolved into the modern day Cooperative Extension Service, shaped in part by political opposition to agricultural subsidies.

Farmers meeting in Saline County, Missouri, were the first to form a statewide Farm Bureau in 1915. The initial Bureaus had a social and educational function furthering the extension service efforts, and they have additionally developed a lobbying presence as well.

The American Farm Bureau was formally founded in 1919 in Chicago, Illinois. Its initial organization papers said:

The purpose of Farm Bureau is to make the business of farming more profitable, and the community a better place to live. Farm Bureau should provide an organization in which members may secure the benefits of unified efforts in a way which could never be accomplished through individual effort. - Statement originally approved by Farm Bureau members in 1920.[1]

The American Farm Bureau Federation relocated its headquarters from Park Ridge, Illinois, to Washington, D.C., in 2003.

Each November since 1986, AFBF has reported the results of an informal survey on the average retail cost of a classic Thanksgiving dinner, including a 16-pound turkey and all the trimmings. In 2017, the cost was $49.12, https://www.fb.org/newsroom/farm-bureau-survey-reveals-lowest-thanksgiving-dinner-cost-in-five-years.[2]

Advocacy[edit]

Policy is changing constantly, and it has a direct impact on farmers and ranchers. Having a voice – a seat at the table and an impact on policy – is critical. Beginning at the grassroots level and involving Farm Bureau members’ advocacy efforts across the country, all of agriculture speaks with one voice through the American Farm Bureau Federation.

Education[edit]

The American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture works to build awareness, understanding and a positive perception of agriculture through education. The Foundation is creating agriculturally literate citizens through our educational programs, grants, scholarships, classroom curriculum, and volunteer training.

The Foundation also builds relationships with educational institutions to introduce agricultural education tools and resources, and encourages adoption at the community, county, state, and national level.

Empowerment[edit]

From its beginnings nearly a century ago, Farm Bureau has existed to give members the tools they need to succeed. That can mean financial expertise, communication skills, advocacy opportunities, training and opportunities to network with and learn from fellow farmers and ranchers. It all adds up to helping America’s farmers and ranchers stay strong and prosperous.

Membership[edit]

For nearly a century Farm Bureau members have joined together from coast to coast and become the Voice of Agriculture. Farm Bureau continues to evolve to serve the needs of members and their families on and off the farm or ranch. The Farm Bureau legacy includes leadership within local communities, advocacy on rural issues, public service and outreach, agriculture literacy and environmental initiatives that protect the environment and preserve its productive beauty for the next generation to utilize and enjoy.

Joining Farm Bureau provides your family with exclusive discounts on national brands, plus valued member benefits.

Lobbying[edit]

AFBF made The Hill's 2017 list of top association lobbying groups and was dubbed a "farm policy powerhouse" for tracking issues like crop insurance, voluntary labeling requirements for bioengineered foods and disease surveillance response. "And that only scratches the surface of its work," according to The Hill.11

AFBF supported the Fighting Hunger Incentive Act of 2014 (H.R. 4719; 113th Congress), a bill that would amend the Internal Revenue Code to permanently extend and expand certain expired provisions that provided an enhanced tax deduction for businesses that donated their food inventory to charitable organizations.[3] AFBF argued that without the tax write-off, "it is cheaper in most cases for these types of businesses to throw their food away than it is to donate the food".[4]

Personnel[edit]

  • Vincent "Zippy" Duvall, Current President, Elected January 2016
  • Bob Stallman, Former President, 2000–2016
  • Dean Kleckner, Former President, 1986–2000

List of Farm Bureaus[edit]

Bureau Headquarters Founded Insurance Website
Alabama Farmers Federation Montgomery, Alabama 1921 Alfa Insurance www.alfafarmers.org
Alaska Farm Bureau www.alaskafb.org
Arizona Farm Bureau Gilbert, Arizona FBL Financial Group azfb.org
Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation Little Rock, Arkansas 1935 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.arfb.com
California Farm Bureau Federation Sacramento, California 1919 Allied/Nationwide www.cfbf.com
Colorado Farm Bureau Centennial, Colorado 1919 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.coloradofarmbureau.com
Connecticut Farm Bureau Windsor, Connecticut 1919 Nationwide www.cfba.org
Delaware Farm Bureau Camden, Delaware Nationwide defb.org
Florida Farm Bureau Gainesville, Florida 1941 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.floridafarmbureau.org
Georgia Farm Bureau Federation Macon, Georgia 1937 Georgia Farm Bureau Mutual Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.gfb.org
Hawaii Farm Bureau Federation Honolulu, Hawaii 1948 www.hfbf.org
Idaho Farm Bureau Federation Pocatello, Idaho 1939 Farm Bureau Mutual Insurance Company of Idaho

FBL Financial Group

www.idahofb.org
Illinois Farm Bureau Bloomington, Illinois 1916 Country Financial www.ilfb.org
Indiana Farm Bureau Indianapolis, Indiana 1919 Indiana Farm Bureau Insurance www.infarmbureau.org
Iowa Farm Bureau West Des Moines, Iowa 1918 FBL Financial Group www.iowafarmbureau.com
Kansas Farm Bureau Manhattan, Kansas 1919 FBL Financial Group www.kfb.org
Kentucky Farm Bureau Louisville, Kentucky 1919 Kentucky Farm Bureau Insurance
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.kyfb.com
Louisiana Farm Bureau Federation Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1922 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.lfbf.org
Maine Farm Bureau Augusta, Maine 1951 Farm Family www.mainefarmbureau.com
Maryland Farm Bureau Davidsonville, Maryland 1915 Nationwide www.mdfarmbureau.com
Massachusetts Farm Bureau Federation Marlborough, Massachusetts Farm Family www.farmbureau.co
Michigan Farm Bureau Lansing, Michigan 1919 Farm Bureau Insurance of Michigan www.michfb.com
Minnesota Farm Bureau St. Paul, Minnesota 1919 FBL Financial Group www.fbmn.org
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation Jackson, Mississippi 1922 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.msfb.org
Missouri Farm Bureau Jefferson City, Missouri 1915 Missouri Farm Bureau Insurance www.mofb.org
Montana Farm Bureau Federation Bozeman, Montana 1919 Mountain West Farm Bureau Insurance
FBL Financial Group
mfbf.org
Nebraska Farm Bureau Lincoln, Nebraska FBL Financial Group www.nefb.org
Nevada Farm Bureau Sparks, Nevada Country Financial nvfb.org
New Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation Concord, New Hampshire Farm Family www.nhfarmbureau.org
New Jersey Farm Bureau Trenton, New Jersey Farm Family www.njfb.org
New Mexico Farm & Livestock Bureau Las Cruces, New Mexico FBL Financial Group www.nmfarmbureau.org
New York Farm Bureau Albany, New York 1911 Nationwide www.nyfb.org
North Carolina Farm Bureau Raleigh, North Carolina 1936 North Carolina Farm Bureau Insurance Group
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.ncfb.org
North Dakota Fargo, North Dakota 1942 Nodak Mutual Insurance Company

FBL Financial Group

www.ndfb.org
Ohio Farm Bureau Columbus, Ohio 1919 Nationwide ofbf.org
Oklahoma Farm Bureau Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1942 Oklahoma Farm Bureau Insurance

FBL Financial Group

www.okfarmbureau.org
Oregon Farm Bureau Salem, Oregon 1932 Country Financial www.oregonfb.org
Pennsylvania Farm Bureau Camp Hill, Pennsylvania Nationwide www.pfb.com
Puerto Rico Farm Bureau San Juan, Puerto Rico prfb.fb.org
Rhode Island Farm Bureau Federation West Greenwich, Rhode Island 1953 Farm Family rifb.org
South Carolina Farm Bureau Cayce, South Carolina 1944 Southern Farm Bureau Casualty Insurance Company
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.scfb.org
South Dakota Farm Bureau Huron, South Dakota 1917 FBL Financial Group www.sdfbf.org
Tennessee Farm Bureau Columbia, Tennessee 1921 Tennessee Farmers Insurance Companies
Farm Bureau Health Plans
www.tnfarmbureau.org
Texas Farm Bureau Waco, Texas 1933 Texas Farm Bureau Insurance
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.texasfarmbureau.org
Utah Farm Bureau Sandy, Utah 1916 FBL Financial Group utfb.fb.org
Vermont Farm Bureau Richmond, Vermont 1915 Nationwide www.vtfb.org
Virginia Farm Bureau Goochland County, Virginia
(Richmond mailing address)
Virginia Farm Bureau Insurance
Southern Farm Bureau Life Insurance Company
www.vafarmbureau.org
Washington State Farm Bureau Lacey, Washington 1920 Country Financial www.wsfb.com
West Virginia Farm Bureau Buckhannon, West Virginia 1919 Nationwide www.wvfarm.org
Wisconsin Farm Bureau Federation Madison, Wisconsin Rural Mutual Insurance
FBL Financial Group
wfbf.com
Wyoming Farm Bureau Federation Laramie, Wyoming 1920 Mountain West Farm Bureau Insurance
FBL Financial Group
www.wyfb.org

See also[edit]

1935 FDR remarks for the American Farm Bureau Federation on agriculture during the Great Depression

References[edit]

  1. ^ We are Farm Bureau Archived August 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., American Farm Bureau Federation, retrieved December 9, 2011.
  2. ^ of Classic Thanksgiving Dinner Up Slightly This Year, American Farm Bureau Federation, November 10, 2011.
  3. ^ "CBO - H.R. 4719". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Fighting Hunger Incentive Act will increase food bank donations". Farm Bureau News. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 

11. The Hill, Top Lobbyists 2017: Grass roots, http://thehill.com/business-a-lobbying/top-lobbyists/358132-top-lobbyists-2017-associations

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]