American Game

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American Game
American Game hen.jpg
An American Game Bantam hen
Conservation status Livestock Conservancy: study[1]
Country of origin United States
Traits
Weight
  • Male: bantam: 850 g[2]:107
  • Female: bantam: 765 g[2]:107
Egg color Brown
Comb type Single
Classification
APA Large fowl: no[3]
Bantam: modern game bantam[3]
ABA yes[4]
EE no[5]
PCGB no[6]

The American Game is an American breed of game fowl, chickens bred specifically for cockfighting. It has many color varieties, and may also be kept for ornament.[7]

History[edit]

The American Game was bred for cockfighting. The full-size ("large fowl") American Game is listed by the Livestock Conservancy as "study".[1] The full-size American Game is not recognized by the American Poultry Association, which in 2009 recognized the American Game Bantam in ten colors. The American Game is not among the fifty-three chicken breeds reported by the National Animal Germplasm Program of the USDA Agricultural Research Service to the DAD-IS database of the FAO,[8] nor is it recognized by the Entente Européenne d'Aviculture et de Cuniculture[5] or by the Poultry Club of Great Britain.[6]

Some American Game have been exported to the United Kingdom. In 2002 there were fewer than a hundred birds there.[9]

American Game Bantam[edit]

The bantam version of the American Game does not derive from the original large fowl. It was created in New Jersey in the 1940s by a breeder named Frank Gary. He cross-bred the wild Red Jungle Fowl with fighting bantams of the type known at the time as "pit game".[2]:106 He applied to have his new breed included in the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association, but when an objection was raised, withdrew his application and donated all rights in the breed, including a drawing by Arthur O. Schilling for the standard, to the American Bantam Association.[10]:150 The American Game Bantam was listed in the yearbook of the American Bantam Association from 1950,[4], and was admitted to the Standard of Perfection of the American Poultry Association in 2009.[3]

Characteristics[edit]

The standard-sized American Game is bred in a wide range of plumage colors; cock birds have long sickle feathers.[7]

The American Game Bantam has a small five-pointed single comb and small smooth wattles and earlobes.[2]:107 Ten color varieties are recognized by the APA: birchen; black; black-breasted red; blue; blue red; brown red; golden duckwing; red pyle; silver duckwing; and white.[3] Two others, "brassy back" and wheaten, are also raised.[2]:107

Use[edit]

The American Game was bred for cockfighting. It is a good table bird, and may be kept for ornament. It lays brown eggs.[7] As with other fighting breeds, for exhibition the comb, earlobes and wattles are cut off ("dubbed").[2]:107

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Conservation Priority List: Chickens The Livestock Conservancy. Accessed June 2017
  2. ^ a b c d e f Carol Ekarius (2007). Storey's Illustrated Guide to Poultry Breeds. North Adams, MA: Storey Publishing. ISBN 9781580176682.
  3. ^ a b c d APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Accessed June 2017.
  4. ^ a b Mark Rosen ([s.d.]). What's The Difference???. American Bantam Association. Accessed June 2017
  5. ^ a b Liste des races et variétés homologuée dans les pays EE (28.04.2013). Entente Européenne d’Aviculture et de Cuniculture. Archived 16 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Accessed June 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Large Fowl American Game The Livestock Conservancy. Accessed June 2017
  8. ^ Breeds reported by United States of America: Chicken. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2017.
  9. ^ American Game/United Kingdom. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2017.
  10. ^ Patricia A. Lacey (2010). "All Cooped Up": the History of the American Bantam Association: a 131-Year Evolution. [Bloomington, IN]: Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781450060851