American Gladiators (1989 TV series)

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American Gladiators
American Gladiators.png
The first American Gladiators logo, from 1989–1993.
GenreSports/Game Show
Created byDan Carr
John Ferraro
Directed byBob Levy
Presented byMike Adamle (1989–1996)
Joe Theismann (1989)
Todd Christensen (1990)
Larry Csonka (1990–1993)
Lisa Malosky (1993–1995)
Danny Lee Clark (1995–1996)
Narrated byJoe Theismann (1989)
John Harlan (1990–1993)
Theme music composerBill Conti
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons7
No. of episodes139[1]
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time60 minutes
Production company(s)Trans World International
(seasons 1–3)
Four Point Entertainment
The Samuel Goldwyn Company
DistributorSamuel Goldwyn Television
MGM Television (current)
Original networkSyndication
Picture format480i (SDTV)
Audio formatStereo
Original releaseSeptember 9, 1989 (1989-09-09)[2] –
May 11, 1996 (1996-05-11)
Followed byAmerican Gladiators (2008)
Related showsBattle Dome

American Gladiators was an American competition television program that aired weekly in syndication from September 1989 to May 1996. The series matched a cast of amateur athletes against each other, as well as against the show's own gladiators, in contests of strength and agility.

The concept was originally created in 1982 by Johnny C. Ferraro and Dan Carr. Carr gathered the Gladiators and hosted the show, and Ferraro financed and produced the original competition at Erie Tech High School in Erie, Pennsylvania so Ferraro could have the event on film as to shop the new creation. In 1983 Ferraro financed, developed and packaged the American Gladiators as a movie project. In 1984 Carr sold his interest in a literary purchase to Flor-Jon Films. Ferraro had been the main driving force behind the American Gladiators brand since 1982. In 1987, Flor-Jon Films then licensed the unscripted rights to The Samuel Goldwyn Company (now part of MGM). Ferraro is the sole creator of the 1994 kids' version of the series, Gladiators 2000.

Flor-Jon Films, Inc and the Samuel Goldwyn Co in 1993 granted a license to Chariot Entertainment in an effort to launch a live American Gladiators show on the Las Vegas Strip, but the president of Chariot became mired in a securities fraud prosecution, through no fault of Flor-Jon Films or The Samuel Goldwyn Co, and the live show went unrealized.[3] Episodes from the original series were played on ESPN Classic from 2007 to 2009. Several episodes are available for download on Apple's iTunes Service.

MGM Television, the successor company to the Samuel Goldwyn Company, during the 2007-08 Writers Guild of America Strike, sold to NBC a prime-time revival that was closer to the British version than the American, with hosts Hulk Hogan and Lalia Ali, and Van Earl Wright the play-by-play voice. That version lasted two seasons.

In August 2018, MGM Television, with Ferraro and actors Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg, announced plans to bring American Gladiators back again for the 2019–20 season, the 30th anniversary of the franchise's television debut.


American Gladiators featured four competitors, two men and two women, in most episodes. The players went through a series of seven physical challenges with the goal to eventually become the season's overall winner, referred to as the Grand Champion. This was determined by a season-long tournament, whose format went through various changes during its run.

Originally, the first tournament was conducted to find one male champion and one female champion for the season. The winners would then return as Gladiators to compete in subsequent tournaments. Twenty contenders (ten of each sex) in each half-season tournament were chosen from a nationwide contestant pool based on tests of strength and agility, with several alternates chosen in case a contender could not continue due to injury. Five preliminary round matchups were played with the winners automatically advancing to the quarterfinal round, along with the three highest scoring losers. Any alternates from that point on came from the previous round's losers. Once the quarterfinals began, the tournament became a single elimination affair until the champions were crowned, with $10,000 cash awarded to them. Losing contenders were awarded $2,500 for advancing as far as the semifinals, while the losing finalists were given $5,000.

Initially, the first season was intended to consist of only the tournament, which lasted a total of thirteen weeks. Due to the popularity of those episodes, the producers of American Gladiators began work on a second series of episodes to fill the rest of the season. With a new format, four new Gladiators, and the addition of a new event along with the revamping of the rest of the events, the second tournament launched with a total of twenty-two men and women competing. The two extra spots were given to the winners of the first tournament, who faced off against the winners of the second tournament for more cash and prizes in the first ever Grand Championship final.

The show's second season used the same format as the previous half-season.

In seasons three and four, the field competitors increased to 48 and the tournament format was adjusted. Six preliminary round matches were played and the winners of those matches automatically advanced to the quarterfinals. The winners of the three quarterfinal matches advanced to the semifinals, along with the highest scoring non-winner. The semifinals and finals went on as before with the winners of the half-season tournaments meeting in the Grand Championship.

For season five, the tournament format was revamped again. Eight competitors on each side played four preliminary round matches, and following that each of the eight was seeded based on their performance. From there, the tournaments were conducted in single elimination format, thus eliminating the need for wild cards.

In seasons six and seven, a single tournament was spread out over the season and a rule in place on the British Gladiators (and later carried over to the 2008 revival) was adopted. This time contenders were not only competing to win, with $2,500 given to all preliminary winners regardless, but to have the highest overall winning score as well. Once all the preliminary rounds were completed the four highest scoring winners advanced to the semifinal round, with the winners playing for $25,000 in the Grand Championship.

During the first half of the first season, the show's set resembled that of an ancient Roman gladiatorial arena, with the stands raised high above the ground. For the second half, the show's set was changed into a modern indoor sports arena style. An onscreen clock was added in the second half of the season, which allowed viewers to see how much time a contender had left to complete an event.

The hooded figures that officiated the games were replaced by veteran NFL referee Bob McElwee (No. 95). Starting in Season 2, former Pacific-10 football referee Larry Thompson became the referee. In case of ruling explanations, a host would interview the referee for an explanation.

After being based at Universal Studios Hollywood for the first two seasons, production moved to the CBS Studio Center, into a studio that was referred to as "Gladiator Arena", where it stayed for the remainder of the run. Other aesthetic changes were made as the series progressed.


In each episode, the contenders competed in a series of events. Six to eight events were played per show, varying from season to season. Most of the events tested the contenders' physical abilities against the superior size and strength of the Gladiators, who were mostly pro or amateur bodybuilders and former football players. In most events, the contenders were not directly pitted against each other, but against the Gladiators. In each event, the contenders earned points based on their performance.

In the first half of season one, the points in each event were given in minimum 5 point increments, with 100 points usually the maximum in every event. After the first half of the first season, single point increments were used. Events with a clear winner typically earned the contender 10 points for a win, 5 points for a draw, and no points for a loss. Events without a clear winner and loser (such as Powerball, Atlasphere, Swingshot, and Snapback) earned the contender points for each success.

Starting with the fourth season, the final event before The Eliminator, was labeled "Crunch Time", and was played for more points.

Season six used a format in which events were referred to as "rounds", because more than one game was played per round. Three games per show were played by both males and females and 3 were split between the males and females, two in one round. In split rounds, the men went first, then the women. Including the Eliminator, 10 events appeared in each episode, and the lineup of single and split rounds changed during the season. The sole exception to this format was in the semi-finals & Grand Championship; each round was a single event.

There were four lineups used during the season:

Lineup Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6
1 Pyramid Hang Tough/Assault Joust/Whiplash Gauntlet/Tug O War Snapback Powerball
2 Swingshot Assault/Breakthrough & Conquer Whiplash/Tug O War Snapback Pyramid Joust/Gauntlet
3 Powerball Whiplash/Hang Tough Skytrack Swingshot Assault/Breakthrough & Conquer Joust/Gauntlet
4 Swingshot Tug O War/Whiplash The Wall Hang Tough/Assault Powerball Breakthrough & Conquer/Gauntlet

The Eliminator was the final event played in each episode, and determined which contender would win that day's competition. The contenders competed side-by-side to complete a large obstacle course as quickly as they could. In the first two seasons, the Eliminator had a time limit, and both contenders started the course at the same time. Contenders scored points for every second left on the clock when they finished the course; the contender with the highest final score won the day's competition. Beginning in season 3, the contender in the lead was given a head start with each point they led by worth a half-second; the first contender to cross the finish line won.

Of the events that debuted in the show's first season, only six lasted the entire original run on American television: Breakthrough and Conquer, The Wall, Joust, Assault, Powerball, and the Eliminator, although The Wall did not debut until the second half of the first season.



Throughout the series, American Gladiators had several regular segments that were not related to the competition of the day. These segments were used to allow the audience to get to know the Gladiators or to highlight some of the best moments of past competitions.

  • Gladiator Moments (Season 3): Gladiators reflect and talk about their favorite moments of the first two seasons of American Gladiators.
  • Ask a Gladiator (Seasons 3 and 4): Fans write to their favorite American Gladiator asking them questions.
  • Csonka's Zonks (Season 4): Brief array of clips featuring the funniest moments of the show which includes mostly hits, tackles, and tumbles of the contenders and Gladiators.
  • 30 Seconds With: (Season 5 on): Gladiators are asked a number of fill-in-the-blank questions. In the final season the questions were taken away and it was just the gladiators talking about a random topic.

Production notes[edit]

The show was taped at Universal Studios Hollywood until 1991, then moved to Gladiator Arena (Studio 3) at CBS Studio Center in Studio City for the rest of its initial run. The National Indoor Arena, home to the UK version, hosted the International Gladiators competitions.

The series, a co-production of Trans World International and Four Point Entertainment, was distributed by Samuel Goldwyn Television.

The original Pilot was hosted by Fran Tarkenton and Tim Wrightman.[4]

The first 13 episodes were recorded, from July 24 to August 5 of 1989. The entire 26 episode second season was recorded in five weeks in the Summer of 1990.[5]


During the first half of season one, the intention was to reward the winners by promoting them to the role of American Gladiators, but that reward was never implemented and was abandoned after the first half of the first season.

The show awarded cash prizes depending on how far the contenders advanced. For the first five seasons, $10,000 cash was awarded for winning the half-season finals. Runners-up in these finals were guaranteed $5,000. Contenders that lost in the semi-final rounds were guaranteed $2,500 for advancing that far. Grand Champions received $15,000 more, while the runners up won $10,000 more. In the first two seasons a new 1990 or 1991 Chevrolet automobile of the Grand Champion's choice, worth up to $20,000 (selections included Lumina, Lumina APV, Cavalier, Metro, Tracker, Storm, C/K pickup, Caprice, Suburban, Camaro, Beretta, Blazer, etc.), were awarded to the Grand Champions. In season 3, a 1992 Chevrolet Blazer and in season 4 a 1993 Suzuki Sidekick was awarded to the Grand Champion, and the runner up received a Club Med vacation. The runner up prize was eliminated in the fifth season.

To coincide with the change in tournament structure in Season Six, contenders won $2,500 for winning matches in the preliminary rounds and $10,000 in the semi-final rounds. $15,000 was given for winning the Grand Championship in season six, while $10,000 and a guaranteed berth in International Gladiators 2 was given for the seventh season.

Hosts and other personalities[edit]

Joe Theismann and Mike Adamle co-hosted American Gladiators during the first half of the first season, with Theismann presiding over the proceedings and Adamle serving more of an analyst's role. After Theismann left the series, Adamle became the lead commentator and remained in that role for the remainder of the series. Todd Christensen initially was Adamle's replacement as analyst, with Larry Csonka joining the series at the beginning of season two in 1990. Csonka was replaced by Lisa Malosky following the fourth season, and she held the analyst position for seasons five and six. Danny Lee Clark, who spent the first three seasons and most of season six on the show as Gladiator Nitro, became co-host for the final season and was credited on air as Dan "Nitro" Clark.

Adamle also hosted both seasons of International Gladiators and was joined by John Fashanu in season one and Ulrika Jonsson and Kimberley Joseph in season two.

A referee wearing an executioner costume appeared during the first half of the first season (portrayed by former football player Jeff Benson). Then-NFL referee Bob McElwee became the referee for the second half of season one. Larry Thompson (a former Pacific-10 Football referee) took over for season two in 1990 and remained until the series ended in 1996. The referees were assisted by several game judges, including Bob Wucetich, Fred Gallagher and Jim Marcione.

Theismann also was the announcer of the first season and was replaced by John Harlan in 1990, who remained with the show through the 1992–1993 season. There was no announcer after that, although Adamle introduced the Gladiators in the final season.

Special shows[edit]

As had various other game shows in the past, American Gladiators had a series of special themed episodes over its run. These began in season two, and featured celebrities playing for charity as well as former professional athletes and former contenders returning to compete again.

Alumni shows[edit]

There were three alumni shows conducted during the course of American Gladiators. The first came in season two, the second in season six, and the third and last in season seven.

In the season two alumni show, first season contenders Lucian Anderson, Terry Moore, Cheryl Ann Silich, and Aimee Ross returned to compete against each other. Anderson and Silich emerged victorious.

In season six, AG decided to hold another alumni show. Season three Grand Champions Mark Ortega and Kathy Mollica, season four Grand Champions Cliff Miller and Cheryl Wilson, and season five Grand Champions Wesley Berry and Peggy Odita did battle in two separate elimination matches where the two highest scoring contenders at the end of the events ran the Eliminator to determine the winner. Berry and Odita won their matches and returned for the season seven alumni show (which was titled on-air as "Battle of the Best"), which pitted the two of them against season six's champions Kyler Storm and Adrienne Sullivan. Once again, the season five champions emerged victorious.

During season seven, as part of a dual special which featured identical twin martial artists competing against each other, two former female Gladiators competed against each other with Raye Hollitt, who portrayed Zap for much of the show's run, facing Shannon Hall, a season five alternate Gladiator who was named Dallas.

Pro Football Challenge of Champions[edit]

In season 3[6] and season 4,[7] American Gladiators included a show in which current and former NFL players competed against each other in an elimination-style format. The first competition featured NFL players from the 1970s and early 1980s: Cliff Branch, Jack Ham, Jim Kiick, Greg Pruitt, Phil Villapiano, and Charles White. The second competition had a mix of players that were active or had recently retired: Mark Clayton, Tony Dorsett, Drew Hill, Seth Joyner, Wes Walker, and Charles White.

The NFL players competed head-to-head with the male Gladiators, while the female Gladiators faced them in non-contact events like Assault and the Eliminator (where they served in the penalty pit). Six former players competed in six events, with two eliminated after the first two and two in the event preceding the Eliminator. The winner of both competitions was former NFL running back Charles White, who was also the only person to compete in both episodes. He erased a deficit in the Eliminator both times to win.

Gold Medal Challenge of Champions[edit]

In Seasons 5 and 6, "Gold Medal Challenge" shows were produced, featuring former Olympic Gold Medalists.

In the 1993 Gold Medal show, the males featured were 1984 gold downhill skiing medalist Bill Johnson, 1988 bronze basketball medalist Danny Manning, and 1984 gold boxing medalist Tyrell Biggs. The females featured were 1976 silver basketball medalist Nancy Lieberman, 1984 silver and gold and 1988 gold track and field medalist Alice Brown, and 1992 gold and silver speed skating medalist Cathy Turner. Alice Brown and Bill Johnson won the competition and $10,000.

For the 1994 show, the men were 1988 gold and 1992 bronze volleyball player Bob Ctvrtlik and 1988 gold gymnast Mitch Gaylord. The women were 1994 silver and 1998 gold downhill skier Picabo Street and 1988 bronze figure skater Debi Thomas. Street and Gaylord were victorious.

International Challenge of Champions[edit]

A precursor to International Gladiators, this tournament aired in seasons four and five and featured contestants from all over the world. Among the contenders was in season four was eventual season five champion Peggy Odita, who was representing Nigeria and who won the women's competition.

International Gladiators[edit]

More information: International Gladiators 1, International Gladiators 2

International Gladiators was a special championship series consisting of previous champions from various versions of the show from around the world. The initial series included contenders and gladiators from the United States, UK, Finland, and Russia. The second series had contenders and Gladiators from the USA, UK, Russia, South Africa, Germany and Australia. Both series were filmed at National Indoor Arena in Birmingham, UK, which was where the British Gladiators series was taped.

In the first series American Gladiators was represented by Season 5 men's champion Wesley Berry, Season 5 women's runner up Kim Tyler, Season 6 men's champion Kyler Storm, and Season 6 women's champion Adrienne Sullivan. Berry and Tyler advanced to the finals of the series, and Berry was the overall men's champion. Sullivan and Storm were eliminated in the series' semifinals; Sullivan fell to Eunice Huthart, who beat Tyler in the finals, and Storm was beaten by Paul Field.

In the second series, which served as the final episodes of the American Gladiators series, Season 7 men's champion Pat Csizmazia and Season 5 women's champion Peggy Odita were the American representatives and both of them emerged as champions by defeating the Australian representatives in the finals.

Armed Forces Challenge of Champions[edit]

In seasons five and six, contenders from each of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines (men and women in season five, men only in season six) faced off against each other, with the two highest scoring branches facing off in the Eliminator. The Marines won both competitions. Captain Myles Bly Mire, an American Gladiators alumnus, was later involved with the capture of Saddam Hussein's nephew.

NYPD vs. LAPD[edit]

In season six, a competition was held between officers of the New York Police Department and the Los Angeles Police Department. One of the female officers, the LAPD's Angela Shepard, was a season three contender who participated in the preliminary round during the second half of the season and was injured during her Eliminator run.

USC vs. Notre Dame[edit]

In season six,[8] this contest pitted two USC alumni – former football players Anthony Davis and Charles White – against two Notre Dame alumni - former football players Vagas Ferguson and Allen Pinkett. USC prevailed in this competition, marking the third time White won on American Gladiators (the first two wins came in the Pro Football Challenge of Champions events).

Family Matters[edit]

An episode of Family Matters titled "Surely You Joust", the first episode of season four and the overall 73rd episode which aired on September 18, 1992, features Carl and Urkel settling their feud on American Gladiators. Adamle and Csonka appeared as themselves along with Gladiators Turbo and Sabre, the latter of whom was Waldo's cousin in the story.


An episode of Ellen titled "Gladiators", the 19th episode of Season Two and the overall 30th episode which aired on March 1, 1995, features Ellen Morgan (Ellen DeGeneres) reluctantly becoming a contestant on American Gladiators due to Adam Green's (Arye Gross) advice. where she becomes smitten with fellow Gladiator Nitro (Dan Clark) whom Adam tries to bond with. But on the day of the competition, Ellen becomes fighting mad when her female combatant Ice (Lori Fetrick) ruins her budding romance with Nitro.

Celebrity Shows[edit]

A celebrity special took place during the show's 5th season, featuring Dean Cain, John C. McGinley, Debbe Dunning and Heidi Mark. host Mike Adamle also competed against McGinley & Cain. Adamle still fulfilled his hosting duties during the female competition while Nitro filled in while he competed. Incidentally, Nitro would later become Adamle's co-host during the show's final season. Cain & Dunning emerged victorious and were each awarded $10,000 for charity.

International broadcasts[edit]

American Gladiators was broadcast in the UK by ITV as part of their Night Time slot starting on 1 September 1990.[9] In 1992, ITV debuted their own version called Gladiators and in doing so became the first country to adapt American Gladiators.

Other ventures[edit]

Ties to professional wrestling[edit]

Like professional wrestling, American Gladiators is considered a form of sports entertainment, although the outcomes of events in the show are not pre-determined, unlike pro wrestling matches. There have been several crossovers between the show and wrestling itself. One of the strongest ties is Hulk Hogan serving as a co-host of the 2008 revival.

The season 2 men's runner-up, first half champion Rico Constantino, went on to become well known as a wrestler in WWF, under the name of "Rico." Rico retired from the wrestling business after being released by the WWF (now WWE) in 2004 and is currently a Las Vegas police officer, which was also his job during his American Gladiators stint.

Tony Halme, known in the then WWF as Ludvig Borga, was a Gladiator on the Finnish version. Matt Morgan, who wrestled for a time in the WWF (now WWE) and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (wrestling in both under his given name), debuted during season 2 of the 2008 revival as a Gladiator under the name Beast.

In 2008, longtime American Gladiators co-host Mike Adamle himself joined WWE as a backstage interviewer for the Raw brand before changing careers to perform play-by-play for ECW on Sci Fi three months later. He then returned to Raw as the General Manager but he later resigned. Prior to that, after the original series ended and while working with NBC Sports, Adamle indirectly worked with the WWF (now WWE) doing commentary for the XFL.


USA Network was the first network to air reruns of American Gladiators. In 1992, USA began airing episodes daily in the late afternoon following its game show rerun lineup and preceding Cartoon Express, and later moved the episodes to air as part of its mid-morning lineup. The network initially had rights to the first three seasons and picked up rights to the fourth when it finished airing in 1993, but did not pick up any additional seasons beyond that. USA aired reruns through at least 1996, just as the show ended its original run.

Spike purchased a rerun package they began airing during their last days as The National Network in 2002. Originally airing weekday afternoons and late night Saturdays, Spike eventually scaled back the reruns to the late Saturday airing and then dropped them in 2003. Spike was only given rights to seasons two through four in their entirety, special episodes from seasons five and six, season seven in its entirety, and both editions of International Gladiators in their entirety.

In 2007 ESPN added the entire original series to ESPN Classic's lineup. This meant that the non-specials from seasons five and six saw their first airings since their respective seasons and the first season, including the episodes under the original format, would be seen for the first time since USA carried the series. ESPN Classic briefly pulled the original American Gladiators series from its lineup shortly after a revival premiered in 2008, but returned it after the revival concluded. ESPN permanently removed the show from ESPN Classic in 2009.

In 2017, after an absence from television lasting several years, American Gladiators reruns returned to the air with the launch of the Sinclair Broadcast Group's action-themed broadcast network Charge!.

As of April 2018, SI TV (Sports Illustrated TV) has added the original series to their premium channel add on for Amazon Prime.

In October 2019, a channel dedicated to the tv show was added to PlutoTV.

Home media[edit]

On July 14, 2009 Shout! Factory released The Battle Begins, featuring commentary from the Lazer, Zap, and Nitro, and an interview with Billy Wirth. This DVD only has the last 14 episodes of season one (the mid-season recap, and the second half of season one).


American Gladiators: The Music
Soundtrack album by
Dan Milner, Bill Conti
ReleasedMarch 3, 1993 (1993-03-03)
LabelSandstone Music

In 1993, American Gladiators: The Music was released by DCC Compact Classics/Sandstone Music, featuring songs used on the show, Dan Milner's music for the games and the opening and closing themes by Bill Conti.

American Gladiators Orlando Live![edit]

In 1995, American Gladiators performed a dinner show in Orlando, Florida.[10] This dinner show featured Dallas, Hawk, Ice, Jazz, Nitro, Sabre, Siren, Sky, Tower, and Turbo from the TV show along with the new Gladiators Apache, Cobra, Electra, Flame, Flash, Jade, Quake, Rage, Raven, Tank, Thor, Tigra, Titan, Viper. The events included The Wall, Breakthrough and Conquer, Assault, Whiplash, the Eliminator and others.

Other versions[edit]

Gladiators 2000[edit]

A kids version of the show called Gladiators 2000 (also known as G2) hosted by Ryan Seacrest and Maria Sansone (later Valerie Rae Miller in season 2) aired from September 9, 1994 until May 5, 1996.

2008 revival[edit]

A revival of American Gladiators hosted by Hulk Hogan and Laila Ali aired on NBC from January 6 until August 4, 2008.


The show spawned a whole slew of competition spin-offs and clone shows such as: Battle Dome, Beach Clash, Blade Warriors, Knights and Warriors, Sandblast and Wild West Showdown.



Grand Championship Results
Season Men's
1 Winner Brian Hutson Bridget Venturi
Runner-Up Lucian Anderson Tracy Phillips
2 Winner Craig Brahnam Dorann Cumberbatch
Runner-Up Rico Constantino Maria Nichting
3 Winner Mark Ortega[11] Kathy Mollica
Runner-Up Joe Mauro Kimberly Lentz
4 Winner Clifton Miller Cheryl Wilson[12]
Runner-Up Marty DePaoli Betsy Erickson
5 Winner Wesley Berry Peggy Odita
Runner-Up Troy Jackson Kim Tyler
6 Winner Kyler Storm Adrienne Sullivan
Runner-Up Dan Cunningham Liz Ragland
7 Winner Pat Csizmazia Tiziana Sorge
Runner-Up Richard McCormick Carla Zeitlyn

List of gladiators[edit]

Gladiator Name Debut season Years active Notes
Malibu Deron McBee 1 1989 Reprised his role as Malibu on Tosh.0
Lace Marisa Pare 1 1989–1992 Absent for most of 1991–92 season due to an injury.
Zap Raye Hollitt 1 1989–1990, 1991–1995 Absent for entire 1990–91 season while on maternity leave.
Gemini Michael M. Horton 1 1989–1992 Before his Gladiator career, Gemini was a losing contestant on the Bob Eubanks-hosted revival of Card Sharks, and on Press Your Luck.
Nitro Dan Clark 1 1989–1992, 1994–1995 Color commentator during show's final season (1995–1996) and coordinating producer of the 2008 revival
Sunny Cheryl Baldinger 1 1989 Injured during semifinal round and did not return.
Blaze Sha-Ri Pendleton 1 1990–1992
Bronco Ritch Finnegan 1 1989 Appeared as a replacement on one episode following an injury to Malibu.
Gold Tonya Knight 1 1990–1992 Absent for part of 1991–92 season due to an injury.
Laser Jim Starr 1 1990–1996 Only gladiator to appear in all seven seasons of the series.
Jade Unknown 1 1990 Appeared as a replacement on one episode following an injury to Sunny.
Titan David Nelson 1 1990 Fired after charging referee Bob McElwee during second half season.
Diamond Erika Andersch 2 1990–1993 Appeared in 1991–92 season as an injury replacement for Lace.
Ice Lori Fetrick 2 1990–1992, 1993–1996
Thunder Billy Smith 2 1990–1992
Turbo Galen Tomlinson 2 1990–1996 Absent for most of 1991–92 season due to an injury.
Storm Debbie Clark 3 1991–1993 Appeared as a replacement following an injury to Gold, continued to appear as a regular gladiator until 1993
Tower Steve Henneberry 3 1991–1994 Appeared as a replacement following an injury to Turbo, continued to appear as a regular gladiator until 1994
Viper Scott Berlinger 3 1992–1993 Debuted during 1992 Grand Championship, became regular gladiator the following year
Atlas Philip Poteat 4 1992–1993 Appeared during the World Challenge of Champions. Died on August 30, 2017.
Cyclone Barry Turner 4 1992–1993 Injured during preliminary rounds of Season 4 and did not return
Elektra Salina Bartunek 4 1992–1994 Appeared sparingly following an injury during the 1992–1993 grand championship
Lace Natalie Lennox 4 1992–1993 Appeared on only two episodes and during the World Challenge of Champions.
Havoc George King 4 1992–1993 Appeared sparingly
Sabre Lynn Williams 4 1992–1996
Siren Shelley Beattie 4 1992–1996 Only deaf gladiator, died in 2008
Sky Shirley Eson-Korito 4 1992–1996
Dallas Shannon Hall 5 1993–1995
Hawk Lee Reherman 5 1993–1996 Died on February 29, 2016
Jazz Victoria Gay 5 1993–1996
Rebel Mark Tucker 5 1993–1994
Tank Ed Radcliffe 5 1993–1996 Appeared as a replacement following an injury to Laser, appearing on three episodes

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "American Gladiators – Gladiators". 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  2. ^ "BROADCASTING MAGAZINE – Read and search 3400 issues from 1931 to 2000". Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  3. ^ "Initial Decision: Robert Cord Beatty, Release No. 271; File No. 3-11666". Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  4. ^ Weekly Variety; July 5, 1989 issue; Page 45
  5. ^ MEYERS, JEFF (7 September 1990). "These Gladiators Perform in a Tubed-Shaped Arena : Entertainment: 'American Gladiators' combines sport with glitz in a program that's more real than wrestling but restricted by the confines of TV" – via LA Times.
  6. ^ Pro Football Challenge of Champions: White vs. Villapiano vs. Kiick vs. Branch vs. Ham vs. Pruitt, retrieved 2019-07-17
  7. ^ Pro Football Challenge of Champions II: White vs. Dorsett vs. Clayton vs. Joyner vs. Hill vs. Walker, retrieved 2019-07-17
  8. ^ USC vs Notre Dame: White & Davis vs Pinkett & Ferguson, retrieved 2019-07-17
  9. ^ The Guardian – 1st September 1990, Page 66, via
  10. ^ "New Dinner Show Ready To Do Battle". December 25, 1995. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  11. ^ Season Three's Men's Grand Championship was decided by a video review after eventual champion Mark Ortega and Joe Mauro finished the Eliminator in an apparent dead heat. Ortega was declared the winner because he was ruled to have crossed the finish line at 48.86 seconds versus Mauro's 48.88 seconds."The Eliminator: Mark Ortega vs Joseph "Bam Bam" Mauro". Retrieved 2019-01-13.
  12. ^ Johns, Elizabeth (1997-03-05). ""American Gladiators" Champ Murdered". Retrieved 2011-01-03. Season 4 champion Cheryl Wilson-Minelli was murdered in 1997 by her husband, after what he thought was an affair.

External links[edit]