|Studio album by Green Day|
|Released||September 20, 2004|
|Recorded||April 18, 2003–March 26, 2004 at Studio 880 in Oakland and Ocean Way Recording in Hollywood|
|Green Day chronology|
|Singles from American Idiot|
American Idiot is the seventh studio album by American rock band Green Day. Produced by Rob Cavallo, the album was released in the UK on September 20, 2004 and in the US on September 21, 2004 by Reprise Records. Green Day first achieved popularity in the 1990s with a string of successful albums. Following disappointing sales of their sixth album, Warning (2000), the band took a break before recording their next album, titled Cigarettes and Valentines, a process cut short when its master tapes were stolen. Rather than re-record that material, the group decided to start over.
A concept album and "punk rock opera," American Idiot follows the story of Jesus of Suburbia, an adolescent anti-hero who is divided between "rage and love." Through its plot, the album expresses the disillusionment and dissent of a generation which came of age during various turmoil including the Iraq War. The album was inspired by several musicals and the work of The Who. Recording of American Idiot was split between two California studios between 2003 and 2004. Its album art depicts a heart-shaped hand grenade.
American Idiot marked a career comeback for Green Day following a period of decreased relevance[clarification needed]. It charted in 27 countries, peaking at number one in 19, and eventually selling 15 million copies worldwide. The album spawned five successful singles: "American Idiot", "Boulevard of Broken Dreams", "Holiday", "Wake Me Up When September Ends" and "Jesus of Suburbia". American Idiot was critically acclaimed and won the Grammy Award for Best Rock Album in 2005. Its success inspired a Broadway musical and an incomplete feature film adaption. It has been praised in the years following its debut, with numerous appearances on lists such as "greatest rock albums...".
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording and production
- 3 Themes
- 4 Composition
- 5 Artwork
- 6 Release and reception
- 7 Touring
- 8 Legacy
- 9 Adaptations
- 10 Track listing
- 11 Personnel
- 12 Chart positions
- 13 Heart Like a Hand Grenade
- 14 Notes
- 15 External links
Green Day, which formed in 1987 and spent early years touring punk rock clubs, emerged in the early 1990s as one of the most popular rock acts. Their third album and major-label debut Dookie (1994), sold upwards of 20 million copies. Subsequent releases were also hits, including Insomniac (1995) and Nimrod (1997). Their subsequent album Warning, released in 2000, was considered a significant commercial disappointment, despite largely positive reviews. In early 2002, the band embarked on the Pop Disaster Tour, co-headlining with Blink-182. The tour created momentum for the trio, who began to be viewed as "elder statesmen" of the pop punk scene at the time, which consisted of bands like Good Charlotte, Sum 41, and New Found Glory.
By this time, things had come to a point regarding unresolved personal issues between the three band members. The band was argumentative and miserable, according to Dirnt, and needed to "shift directions". In addition, the band released a greatest hits album, International Superhits!, which they felt was "an invitation to midlife crisis". Armstrong called Dirnt and asked him, "Do you wanna do [the band] anymore?" He felt insecure, having become "fascinated and horrified" by his reckless lifestyle, and his marriage was in jeopardy. Dirnt and Cool viewed the frontman as controlling, while Armstrong feared to show his bandmates new songs. Beginning in January 2003, the group had weekly personal discussions, which resulted in a revitalized feeling among the musicians. They settled on more musical input from Cool and Dirnt, with "more respect and less criticism".
The band had spent much of 2002 recording new material at Studio 880 in Oakland, California for an album titled Cigarettes and Valentines, creating "polka songs, filthy versions of Christmas tunes, [and] salsa numbers" for the project, hoping to establish something new within their music. After completing 20 songs, the rough demo master tapes were stolen that November. The musicians insisted they had no leads on its whereabouts; no bootleg versions have ever surfaced online. The band consulted longtime producer Rob Cavallo about what to do next. Cavallo told the members to ask themselves if the missing tracks represented the group's best work. Frontman Billie Joe Armstrong said that the band members "couldn't honestly look at ourselves and say, 'That was the best thing we've ever done.' So we decided to move on and do something completely new." The band members agreed to spend the next three months writing new material.
Recording and production
American Idiot was born out of two incidents: the loss of the aforementioned recordings, and an occasion was when the trio each individually crafted their own grandiose 30-second songs. Armstrong recalled, "It started getting more serious as we tried to outdo one another. We kept connecting these little half-minute bits until we had something." This musical suite became "Homecoming", and the group subsequently wrote another suite, "Jesus of Suburbia". It considerably changed the development of the album, and the trio began viewing songs as more than their format—as chapters, movements, or potentially a feature film or novel. Soon afterward, Armstrong penned the record’s title track, which explicitly addresses sociopolitical issues. The group then decided that they would steer the development of the album toward what they dubbed a "punk rock opera."
Prior to recording, Green Day rented rehearsal space in Oakland. Armstrong invited Cavallo to attend the sessions and help guide their writing processes. Cavallo encouraged the idea of a concept album, recalling a conversation the two had a decade prior, in which Armstrong expressed his desire for their career to have a "Beatles-like arc to their creativity." During the group's sessions at Studio 880, the members of Green Day spent their days writing material and would stay up late, drinking and discussing music. The band set up a pirate radio station from which it would broadcast jam sessions, along with occasional prank calls. The band demoed the album sufficiently so that it would be completely written and sequenced before they went to record. Hoping to clear his head and develop new ideas for songs, Armstrong traveled to New York City alone for a few weeks, renting a small loft in the East Village of Manhattan. He spent much of this time taking long walks and participating in jam sessions in the basement of Hi-Fi, a bar in Manhattan. He began socializing with songwriters Ryan Adams and Jesse Malin. Many songs from the album were written based on his time in Manhattan, including "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" and "Are We the Waiting". While there, he also formulated much of the album's storyline, about people "going away and getting the hell out, while at the same time fighting their own inner demons."
With demos completed, Green Day relocated to Los Angeles to continue work on the album. The group first recorded at Ocean Way Recording, then moved to Capitol Studios to complete the album. Cool brought multiple drum kits to the studio, including over 75 snares. Drum tracks were recorded on two-inch tape to produce a compressed sound, and were transferred to ProTools to be digitally mixed with the other instruments. All drum tracks were produced at Ocean Way Studio B, picked for its high ceiling and acoustic tiling, which produced better sound. The room was made famous by singers Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley. The songs were recorded in order as they appear on the track listing, which was a first for the trio. Each song would be recorded in its entirety before proceeding to the next. They reversed the order in which they recorded guitars and bass (recording the guitars first), as they heard that was how the Beatles recorded songs. Armstrong admitted that at points during the recording process he expressed fear at the amount of work before him, likening it to a mountain.
The band took a relaxed approach to recording. For five months, the trio stayed at a Hollywood hotel during the recording sessions, where they would often play loud music late at night, prompting complaints. The band admitted to partying during the L.A. sessions; Armstrong had to schedule vocal recording sessions around his hangovers. Armstrong described the environment, "For the first time, we separated from our pasts, from how we were supposed to behave as Green Day. For the first time, we fully accepted the fact that we're rock stars."
American Idiot took ten months to complete, at a cost of $650,000. By the end of the process, Armstrong felt "delirious" regarding the album: "I feel like I'm on the cusp of something with this. [...] I really feel […] like we're really peaking right now."
American Idiot was inspired by American politics, such as the presidency of George W. Bush and the war in Iraq. There are only two explicitly political songs on the album ("American Idiot" and "Holiday"), but the album "draws a casual connection between contemporary American social dysfunction […] and the Bush ascendancy." While the content is clearly mired in the times, Armstrong hoped it would remain timeless, and become more an overarching statement on confusion.
Armstrong expressed dismay at the then-upcoming presidential election. He felt confused by the country's culture war, noting the particular division among the general public on the Iraq War. Surmising his feelings in an interview during the time, he remarked, "This war that's going on in Iraq [is] basically to build a pipeline and put up a fucking Wal-Mart." Armstrong felt a duty to keep his sons away from violent images, including video games and news coverage of the war in Iraq and the 9/11 attacks. Armstrong noted divisions between America's "television culture" (who he opined only cared about cable news) versus the world’s view of America, which could be considered careless warmongers. Dirnt felt similarly, especially so after viewing the 2004 documentary Fahrenheit 9/11. "You don't have to analyze every bit of information in order to know that something's not fucking right, and it's time to make a change." Cool hoped the record would influence young people to vote Bush out, or, as he put it, "make the world a little more sane." He had previously felt that it was not his place to "preach" to kids, but felt there was so much "on the line" in the 2004 election that he must.
The album also takes aim at small companies put out of business by giant corporations. Cool made an example out of record shops closing when a national retailer makes it to town, commenting, "It's like there’s just one voice you can hear. Not to sound like a preachy person, but it’s getting towards the Big Brother of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four—except here you have two or three corporations running everything."
Speaking on the album's musical content, Armstrong remarked, "For us, American Idiot is about taking those classic rock and roll elements, kicking out the rules, putting more ambition in and making it current." Part of recording the album was attempting to exit their comfort zones by toying with different styles, such as new wave, Latin, and polka music. The band listened to various rock operas, including The Who's Tommy (1969) and David Bowie's The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars (1972). He was particularly inspired by the Who's Quadrophenia, finding more in common with its "power chord mod-pop aesthetic" than other concept records, such as The Wall by Pink Floyd. In addition, they listened to the cast recordings of Broadway musicals West Side Story, The Rocky Horror Show, Grease, and Jesus Christ Superstar, and they let contemporary music influence them, including rappers Eminem and Kanye West and rock band Linkin Park. Armstrong considered rock music a "conservative" business with regard to the rigidity in which a band must release a single, create a music video, or head out on tour. He felt groups like hip hop duo OutKast were "kicking rock's ass, because there's so much ambition."
The band used more loud guitar sounds for the record. Armstrong said "we were like, 'Let's just go balls-out on the guitar sound—plug in the Les Pauls and Marshalls and let it rip'". Armstrong added tracks of acoustic guitar-playing throughout the record to augment his electric guitar rhythms and Cool's drumming. For most of the record, Dirnt used an Ampeg SVT bass amplifier, recording with his signature bass and a Precision Bass. For the album, he and Cavallo strived for a "solid, big, thunderous" bass sound as opposed to one centered on countermelodies. Dirnt ran his bass guitar through an Evil Twin direct box, a staple of his recording methods since Dookie. Cool also employs unorthodox instruments for punk music—timpani, glockenspiel, and hammer bells—which he received out of a promotional deal with Ludwig. These instruments are especially evident on "Homecoming" and on "Wake Me Up When September Ends", the latter of which includes an African bead gourd that was welded to a remote hi-hat pedal for future live performances. "Extraordinary Girl", originally titled "Radio Baghdad", features tablas in the intro performed by Cool. For "Whatsername", Cool recorded drums in a room designed to record guitars to achieve a dry sound.
American Idiot is a concept album that describes the story of a central character named Jesus of Suburbia, an anti-hero created by Billie Joe Armstrong. It is written from the perspective of a lower-middle-class suburban American teen, raised on a diet of "soda pop and Ritalin." Jesus of Suburbia hates his town and those close to him, so he leaves for the city. The second character introduced in the story is St. Jimmy, a "swaggering punk rock freedom fighter par excellence." Whatsername, "a “Mother Revolution” figure," is introduced as a nemesis of St. Jimmy in the song "She’s a Rebel". The album's story is largely indeterminate, as the group were unsure of where to lead the plot's third quarter. In this sense, Armstrong decided to leave the ending up to the listeners' imagination. The two secondary characters exemplify the record's main theme—"rage versus love"—in that while St. Jimmy is driven by "rebellion and self-destruction,” Whatsername is focused on "following your beliefs and ethics." Jesus of Suburbia eventually decides to follow the latter, resulting in the figurative suicide of St. Jimmy, which is revealed to be a facet of his personality. In the album's final song, Jesus of Suburbia loses his connection with Whatsername as well, even to the point in which he can't even remember her name.
Through the story, Armstrong hoped to detail coming of age in America at the time of the album's release. While he considered their previous record heartfelt, he felt a more instinctual feeling to speak for the time period in which the album was released. He had felt the desire to increase the amount of political content in his lyricism as he grew into adulthood, noting that the "climate" surrounding his aging produced feelings of responsibility in the songs he wrote. Armstrong said, "As soon as you abandon the verse-chorus-verse-chorus-bridge song structure ... it opens up your mind to this different way of writing, where there really are no rules." In addition to the album’s political content, it also touches on interpersonal relationships, and what Dirnt labeled "confusion and loss of individuality."
"American Idiot" contends that mass media has orchestrated paranoia and idiocy among the public, particularly cable news, which Armstrong felt had crossed the line from journalism to reality television, only showcasing violent footage intercut with advertisements. The song emphasizes strong language, juxtaposing the homophobic slur "faggot" and "America", to create what he imagined would be a voice for the disenfranchised. "Holiday" took two months to finish writing, as Armstrong continually felt his lyrics were not good enough. Encouraged by Cavallo, he completed the song. He later characterized the song as an outspoken "fuck you" to Bush. "Give Me Novacaine" touches on American reality television of that time, which Armstrong likened to "gladiators in the coliseum." "She’s a Rebel" was inspired by Bikini Kill’s Rebel Girl.
After finishing the music for the album, the band decided that the artwork needed to reflect the themes on the record, likening the change of image to a political campaign. Armstrong recalled: "We wanted to be firing on all cylinders. Everything from the aesthetic to the music to the look. Just everything." Green Day drew inspiration from Chinese communist propaganda art the band saw in art galleries on Melrose Avenue, and recruited artist Chris Bilheimer, who had designed the art for the previous records Nimrod and International Superhits! to create the cover. The band aimed for the cover to be "at once uniform and powerful". The album's artwork—"a Posada-stark print of a heart-shaped hand grenade gripped in a blood-soaked fist"—is representative of its political content. After listening to the new music on his computer, Bilheimer took note of the lyric "And she's holding on my heart like a hand grenade" from "She's a Rebel". Influenced by artist Saul Bass's poster for the 1955 drama film The Man with the Golden Arm, and EXODUS. Bilheimer created an upstretched arm holding a red heart-shaped grenade. Although he felt that red is the "most overused color in graphic design", he felt that the "immediate" qualities of the color deemed it appropriate for use on the cover, explaining: "I'm sure there's psychological theories of it being the same color of blood and therefore has the powers of life and death...And as a designer I always feel it's kind of a cop-out, so I never used it before. But there was no way you couldn't use it on this cover."
The band also underwent "a significant image change," and they began wearing black and red uniforms onstage. Armstrong considered it a natural extension of his showmanship, which began in his childhood.
Release and reception
The band performed the album[when?] from start to finish at the Henry Fonda Theatre in Los Angeles. The album was not sold in Wal-Mart stores due to its explicit content. Radio programmers acted with "enthusiasm" to lead single "American Idiot", which was considered[by whom?] unusual for a decade-old band.
American Idiot became Green Day's first number one album in the United States, selling 267,000 copies in its first week of release; their biggest opening sales week. The album became 2005's fourth-highest seller, moving over 3.4 million units. American Idiot remained in the top ten of the Billboard 200 upwards of a year following its release, staying on the chart for 101 weeks. The album achieved six times platinum status in the United States.
In 2005, commenting on the success American Idiot brought the band, Sam Bayer, director of all of American Idiot's music videos, stated how “The Billie Joe that I work with now is not the same guy that walked onto the American Idiot set a year ago. Now, he’s a rock star. They were famous. They had done big stuff. But it’s transcended that. But he hasn’t changed. And they haven’t changed. They’re three friends who love one another”. Courtney Love also commented on the success of the band, stating “Billie Joe looks absolutely beautiful. You know how when people get super A-list, their face gets prettier? I think it’s perception. It’s something that happens in your subconscious”.
|The Village Voice||C+|
American Idiot received positive reviews from music critics, becoming "easily the best reviewed album of their career." According to review aggregator website Metacritic, the album has an average critic review score of 79/100, based on 26 reviews. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic praised the album as either "a collection of great songs" or as a whole, writing that, "in its musical muscle and sweeping, politically charged narrative, it's something of a masterpiece". Pitchfork Media commended it as "ambitious" and successful in getting across its message, while "keep[ing] its mood and method deliberately, tenaciously, and angrily on point". NME characterized it as "an onslaught of varied and marvellously good tunes presented in an unexpectedly inventive way." Q called the album "A powerful work, noble in both intent and execution." The New York Times commended Green Day for trumping "any pretension with melody and sheer fervor".
Entertainment Weekly said that despite being based on a musical theater concept "that periodically makes no sense", Green Day "makes the journey entertaining enough". It described some of the songs as forgettable, though, arguing the album focuses more on lyrics than music. Rolling Stone said the album could have been, and was, a mess, but that the "individual tunes are tough and punchy enough to work on their own". The Guardian called American Idiot a mess—"but a vivid, splashy, even courageous mess". Slant Magazine described it as a "pompous, overwrought," but nonetheless "glorious concept album". Uncut was more critical and wrote that although the album was heavily politically focused, "slam-dancing is still possible", in a mixed review. In a negative review, Robert Christgau of The Village Voice called the album a "dud" and asserted that Armstrong's lyrics eschew "sociopolitical content" for "the emotional travails of two clueless punks—one passive, one aggressive, both projections of the auteur", adding that "there's no economics, no race, hardly any compassion."
In 2005, American Idiot won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Album and was nominated in four other categories including Album of the Year. The album helped Green Day win seven of the eight awards it was nominated for at the 2005 MTV Video Music Awards; the "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" video won six of those awards. A year later, "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" won a Grammy Award for Record of the Year. In 2009, Kerrang! named American Idiot the best album of the decade, NME ranked it number 60 in a similar list, and Rolling Stone ranked it 22nd. Rolling Stone also listed "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" and "American Idiot" among the 100 best songs of the 2000s, at number 65 and 47 respectively. In 2005, the album was ranked number 420 in Rock Hard magazine's book of The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time. In 2012, the album was ranked number 225 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
(*) designates unordered lists.
|2005||American Idiot||Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Rock Album||Won|
|"American Idiot"||Record of the Year||Nominated|
|Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals||Nominated|
|Best Rock Song||Nominated|
|Best Music Video Short Form||Nominated|
|2006||"Boulevard of Broken Dreams"||Record of the Year||Won|
Touring in support of the album began in the U.S., where the band performed in conservative stronghold states like Texas, Tennessee, and Georgia. The group headlined arenas that were only "60 to 75 percent full," and were often booed for performing songs from the album. Armstrong often baited the crowd by chanting "Fuck George W. Bush!" Jonah Weiner of Blender likened the band’s live performances of the time to an “anti-Bush rally." Armstrong admitted that they did "everything to piss people off," including wearing a Bush mask onstage in weeks preceding the election.
The European tour sold 175,000 tickets in less than an hour. In April, the band began a one-month U.S. arena tour. The band soon began playing stadiums, performing at New Jersey's Giants Stadium, San Francisco's SBC Park, and Los Angeles' Home Depot Center between September and October 2005.
American Idiot [...] gives voice to the disenfranchised suburban underclass of Americans who feel wholly unrepresented by the current leadership of oilmen and Ivy Leaguers, and who are too smart to accept the "reality" presented by news media who sell the government's line of tear and warmongering.
Jon Pareles of The New York Times deemed it "both a harbinger and a beneficiary of the Bush administration’s plummeting approval, selling steadily through 2005 as the response to Hurricane Katrina and the protracted war in Iraq turned much of the country against the government." "Wake Me Up When September Ends" became symbolic during various events such as the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina; one online blogger paired the song with television coverage of the disaster, creating a viral video.
Ian Winwood of Kerrang! said that it pushed rock music back into the mainstream. American Idiot was a career comeback for the group, and their unexpected maturation "stunned the music industry."
In late 2005, DJ Party Ben and producer Team9, under the shared alias Dean Gray (a Spoonerism of "Green Day"), released an online-only mash-up version of the album—called American Edit. This became a cause célèbre when a cease and desist order was served by Green Day's record label. Tracks include "American Edit, "Dr. Who on Holiday", "Novocaine Rhapsody", and "Boulevard of Broken Songs." Billie Joe Armstrong later stated that he heard one of the songs on the radio and "enjoyed it."
An American Idiot stage musical adaptation premiered at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre in September 2009. The musical was a collaboration between Green Day and director Michael Mayer. Green Day did not appear in the production, but the show featured an onstage band. The production transferred to Broadway at the St. James Theatre, and opened in April 2010. The show received mixed to positive reviews from critics, but received a rave review from The New York Times. The show features all of the songs from the album American Idiot, including B-sides, and songs from Green Day's follow-up album, 21st Century Breakdown. Armstrong appeared in the Broadway production as St. Jimmy multiple times.
American Idiot won two 2010 Tony Awards: Best Scenic Design of a Musical for Christine Jones, and Best Lighting Design of a Musical for Kevin Adams. It also received a nomination for Best Musical. The Broadway production closed in April 2011, after 27 previews and 421 regular performances. The first national tour started in late 2011. A documentary regarding the musical, titled Broadway Idiot, was released in 2013.
Armstrong had at one point, prior to its release, suggested the album would make good material for an adapted feature film. Shortly after the album was released, there was speculation that American Idiot might be made into a film. VH1 quoted Armstrong as saying, "We've definitely been talking about someone writing a script for it, and there's been a few different names that have been thrown at us. It sounds really exciting, but for right now it's just talk." Armstrong later stated that filming would begin in 2006, stressing, "We want to see how it turns out first so that it doesn't suck." On June 1, 2006, Armstrong announced in an interview with MTV that the movie "it's definitely unfolding" and that "every single week there's more ideas about doing a film for American Idiot, and it's definitely going to happen", but the band later said, "It is gonna take a little while." In the summer of 2010, talk about creating a film adaption was brought up again, after actor Tom Hanks was interested in producing it. In an interview with Virgin Radio, when asked if the film was "true, a lie, or a mystery?", Tré Cool responded by saying that it was "a true mystery".
On April 13, 2011, the film American Idiot was confirmed. Michael Mayer, director of the Broadway musical, will be the director of the film. The film will be produced by[Green Day, Pat Magnarella (Green Day's manager and producer of Bullet in a Bible and Awesome as Fuck), Playtone and Tom Hulce. In July 2013 at a screening of Broadway Idiot, Mayer confirmed the film was still happening, but when production would start is unknown due to "Hollywood bullshit". In March 2014, playwright Rolin Jones announced that he was currently finishing up the script for the film and was planning to hand it into the studio by the end of the month.
|2.||"Jesus of Suburbia"
|4.||"Boulevard of Broken Dreams"||4:20|
|5.||"Are We the Waiting"||2:42|
|7.||"Give Me Novacaine"||3:25|
|8.||"She's a Rebel"||2:00|
|11.||"Wake Me Up When September Ends"||4:45|
|Bonus track on Japanese release|
|Japanese bonus disc (live in Tokyo)|
|2.||"Jesus of Suburbia"
I. "Jesus of Suburbia"
II. "City of the Damned"
III. "I Don't Care"
IV. "Dearly Beloved"
V. "Tales of Another Broken Home"
|4.||"Are We the Waiting"||3:18|
|6.||"Boulevard of Broken Dreams"||4:41|
|Special edition bonus DVD|
|1.||"The Making of 'Boulevard of Broken Dreams' & 'Holiday'"|
|2.||"Boulevard of Broken Dreams" (music video)|
|3.||"Holiday" (music video)|
|Digital edition |
|2.||"Jesus of Suburbia"
|3.||"Holiday / Boulevard of Broken Dreams"||8:13|
|4.||"Are We the Waiting / St. Jimmy"||5:38|
|5.||"Give Me Novacaine / She's a Rebel"||5:26|
|6.||"Extraordinary Girl / Letterbomb"||7:39|
|7.||"Wake Me Up When September Ends"||4:45|
|10.||"Too Much Too Soon" (deluxe bonus track)||3:30|
|11.||"Shoplifter" (deluxe bonus track)||1:50|
|12.||"Governator" (deluxe bonus track)||2:31|
|13.||"Jesus of Suburbia" (music video) (iTunes deluxe edition bonus track)||9:05|
- Green Day
- Billie Joe Armstrong – lead vocals, guitars
- Mike Dirnt – bass guitar, backing vocals; lead vocals on "Nobody Likes You"
- Tré Cool – drums, percussion, backing vocals; lead vocals on "Rock and Roll Girlfriend"
- Additional musicians
- Rob Cavallo; Green Day – producers
- Doug McKean – engineer
- Brian "Dr. Vibb" Vibberts; Greg "Stimie" Burns; Jimmy Hoyson; Joe Brown; Dmitar "Dim-e" Krnjaic – assistant engineers
- Chris Dugan; Reto Peter – additional engineering
- Chris Lord-Alge – mixing
- Ted Jensen – mastering
- Chris Bilheimer – cover art
|Australia Albums Chart||22|
|Austria Albums Chart||3|
|US Billboard 200||30|
Heart Like a Hand Grenade
|Heart Like a Hand Grenade|
|Directed by||John Roecker|
Crazy Cow Productions
|October 15, 2015|
Heart Like a Hand Grenade is a 2015 film featuring Green Day during the recording of its seventh studio album, American Idiot. It was directed by John Roecker and filmed over the process of 15 months between 2003 and 2004.
On July 15, 2014, director John Roecker announced on his Facebook page that the film would be released to the public. On May 18, 2015, Roecker mentioned on his personal Facebook page that the sound mix was done and that the movie was in Warner Bros' hands : "I am happy to announce that Heart Like A Hand Grenade: The Making of American Idiot is finished. Sound mix done and now off to Warner Brothers. I want to thank Scott Gawlik and Dylan Melody for their amazing talent and making this film incredible. Also thank you Chris Dugan for creating an American Idiot overture the one I wanted 11 years ago!" 
On June 12, 2015, director John Roecker confirmed on his Facebook page that Warner Brothers had a release date/period for the film. "Deal with Warners is Done! Praise Satan! See you in September. Heart Like A Hand Grenade: The Making of American Idiot teaser coming soon. I want to thank my brothers Dylan Melody, Dean Gonzalez , Scott Gawlik for making my film how I envisioned it. Eleven years but it has been worth it...you will not be disappointed this film is the shit.". According to this Facebook post, the movie is due in September 2015.
On September 14, 2015, it was announced via Green Day's website that the film would receive a theatrical release on October 15, 2015.
- Rizzo, Frank. "Musical 'American Idiot' Explodes With Intense Theatricality". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- "Briefs roundup - LA Daily News". Dailynews.com. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- Alan Sculley (2005-10-05). "A year later, Green Day’s punk opera still strikes a chord - East Valley Tribune: Get Out". East Valley Tribune. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "Green Day: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Adam Chandler (February 1, 2014). "Green Day's Album 'Dookie' Is 20 Years Old Today". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Zac Crain (October 23, 1997). "Green Day Family Values". Miami New Times. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Warning (2000): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Spitz, 2006. pg. 143
- Tom Sinclair (February 11, 2005). "Sitting on Top of the World". Entertainment Weekly: 25–31.
- Steve Baltin (January 1, 2005). "Green Day". AMP. pp. 62–66.
- Matt Hendrickson (February 24, 2005). "Green Day and the Palace of Wisdom". Rolling Stone (New York City: Wenner Media LLC) (968). ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Josh Tyrangiel (January 31, 2005). "Green Party". Time 165 (5). pp. 60–62.
- Tom Bryant (December 3, 2005). "Blaze of Glory". Kerrang! (London: Bauer Media Group) (1085). ISSN 0262-6624.
- Lanham 2004, p. 118.
- Jonah Weiner (May 1, 2006). "Interview: Billie Joe Armstrong". Blender: 98.
- Spitz, p. 152
- Pappademas 2004, p. 66.
- Lanham 2004, p. 119.
- Spitz, p. 153
- Pappademas 2004, p. 67.
- Spitz, p. 154
- Lanham 2004, p. 120.
- Jim Sharples (October 1, 2004). "Rebel Waltz". Big Cheese (56). pp. 42–46.
- Spitz, 2006. pg. 150
- Spitz, 2006. pg. 151
- Winwood 2010, p. 50.
- Spitz, p. 166
- DiPerna 2005, p. 28.
- Zulaica 2004, p. 65.
- Zulaica 2004, p. 67.
- Zulaica 2004, p. 62.
- Zulaica 2004, p. 66.
- Pappademas 2004, p. 68.
- Lanham 2004, p. 122.
- Lanham 2004, p. 116.
- Ian Winwood (May 9, 2012). "The Secrets Behind The Songs: "American Idiot"". Kerrang! (London: Bauer Media Group) (1414). ISSN 0262-6624.
- DiPerna 2005, p. 26.
- Pappademas 2004, p. 65.
- Zulaica 2004, p. 64.
- DiPerna 2005, p. 24.
- E.E. Bradman & Terry Buddingh (January 18, 2006). "Ready Set Go!: Studio Secrets of Mike Dirnt and Green Day Producer Rob Cavallo". Bass Guitar (Blaze Publishing).
- Dave Tupper (December 1, 2004). "Birth of Tre Cool". Drummer Magazine: 46–52.
- Spitz, p. 165
- DiPerna 2005, p. 27.
- Victoria Durham (March 1, 2005). "Green Day: Let The Good Times Roll". Rock Sound (London: Freeway Press Inc.) (70): 50–55. ISSN 1465-0185.
- Lanham 2004, p. 117.
- Spitz, 2006, p. 169
- "The 'American' Way: Green Day Debuts At No. 1". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). September 29, 2004.
- Chris Payne (September 20, 2014). "Green Day's 'American Idiot' Turns 10: Classic Track-by-Track Album Review". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media).
- "Green Day Go Big". Rolling Stone (New York City: Wenner Media LLC) (973). May 5, 2005. ISSN 0035-791X.
- Molly Kordares (April 20, 2010). "Green Day Takes Broadway with "American Idiot"". CBS News.
- "ARIA Charts". Archived from the original on 27 June 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "RIAA Certifications". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Gold & Platinum Certification - July 2005". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved October 26, 2010.
- Spitz, Marc (2006). Nobody Likes You. 77 West 66th Street, New York, New York.: Hyperion Books. p. 179. ISBN 978-1-4013-0274-0.
- "Reviews for American Idiot by Green Day". Metacritic. Retrieved November 4, 2011.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "American Idiot – Green Day". AllMusic. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- Browne, David (September 24, 2004). "American Idiot". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- Lynskey, Dorian (September 17, 2004). "Green Day, American Idiot". The Guardian (London). Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "Green Day: American Idiot". Mojo (London) (131): 106. October 2004.
- "Review: American Idiot". NME (London): 65. September 18, 2004.
- Loftus, Johnny (September 24, 2004). "Green Day: American Idiot". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
- "Green Day: American Idiot". Q (London) (220): 110. November 2004.
- Sheffield, Rob (September 30, 2004). "American Idiot". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Cinquemani, Sal (September 20, 2004). "Green Day: American Idiot". Slant Magazine. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Christgau, Robert (January 25, 2005). "Harmonies and Abysses". The Village Voice (New York). Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- Pareles, Jon (September 26, 2004). "Putting Her Money Where Her Music Video Is". The New York Times.
- "Green Day – American Idiot". Uncut (90): 119. November 2004. Retrieved December 9, 2015.
- Winwood 2010, p. 49.
- "2004 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "The 47th Annual Grammy Award Nominees". Soulshine. December 8, 2004. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "2005 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Kerrang! Top 50 albums of the 21st Century". Kerrang! (Bauer Media Group). August 5, 2009.
- "The Top 100 Greatest Albums Of The Decade". NME. Archived from the original on 20 November 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- "100 Best Albums of the Decade: #22-#21". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- "100 Best Songs of the Decade: #68-65". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- "100 Best Songs of the Decade: #48-45". Rolling Stone. December 9, 2009. Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
- [...], Rock Hard (Hrsg.). [Red.: Michael Rensen. Mitarb.: Götz Kühnemund] (2005). Best of Rock & Metal die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten. Königswinter: Heel. p. 42. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Green Day, 'American Idiot'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "The Definitive 200: Top Albums Of All =March 7, 2007". Archived from the original on June 7, 2008. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "100 Best Albums Of The Decade". Archived from the original on April 5, 2010.
- "Rolling Stone’s 100 Best Albums, Songs Of The ’00s". Stereogum. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".
- "GNR Top Kerrang's 100 Greatest Album List". GNR Daily. November 10, 2009. Archived from the original on 22 August 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "The Top 100 Greatest Albums Of The Decade". NME. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Boilen, Bob. "The Decade's 50 Most Important Recordings". NPR. Archived from the original on 18 August 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Dimery, Robert - 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die
- "100 Best Pop Albums Of The Decade". Archived from the original on November 2, 2010.
- Jun 18, 2007 (2007-06-18). "The New Classics: Music". EW.com. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "25 Best Rock Albums Of The Last Decade".
- Winwood 2010, p. 52.
- John Colapinto (November 17, 2005). "Green Day: Working Class Heroes". Rolling Stone (New York City: Wenner Media LLC) (987): 50–56. ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Jon Pareles (April 29, 2009). "The Morning After ‘American Idiot’". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- Sarah Boxer (September 24, 2005). "Art of the Internet: A Protest Song, Reloaded". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2015.
- Montgomery, James (December 20, 2005). "Green Day Mash-Up Leads to Cease and Desist Order". MTV. Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
- Itzkoff, Dave (March 29, 2009). "Punk CD Is Going Theatrical". The New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2009.
- Hurwitt, Robert (March 31, 2009). "Green Day's hits turn into Berkeley Rep musical". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Isherwood, Charles (April 21, 2010). "Stomping Onto Broadway With a Punk Temper Tantrum". New York Times.
- "American Idiot 09/10". Berkeley Repertory Theatre. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Billie Joe Armstrong Joins 'American Idiot' On Broadway". Huffington Post. September 27, 2010. Archived from the original on 30 September 2010. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- "Billie Joe Armstrong Will Be St. Jimmy in American Idiot in Early 2011". Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- "Who's Nominated?". Tony Awards. IBM Corp. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- "Billie Joe Armstrong Jumps Into American Idiot April 5, Playing Final Weeks". Retrieved April 5, 2011.
- "WORLD PREMIERE!". Broadway Idiot official site. 31 January 2013.
- Moss, Corey (September 21, 2004). "Green Day Considering Movie Version of American Idiot". VH1. Archived from the original on May 11, 2005. Retrieved August 3, 2008.
- "Green Day Hit The Big Screen". Monsters and Critics. April 9, 2005. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Moss, Corey (June 1, 2006). "Green Day Promise Next LP Will Be "An Event" - News Story". MTV News. Retrieved July 13, 2010.[dead link]
- "Virgin Radio TV - Speciale HJF - Intervista ai Green Day". Video.virginradioitaly.it. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- ""American Idiot" movie lands at Universal". Reuters. April 13, 2011.
- Andres (2013-07-30). "Billie Joe will play St. Jimmy in the American Idiot movie ... when it happens". Greendayauthority.com. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- Pat Cerasaro. "Rolin Jones Reveals New Details On AMERICAN IDIOT Film! Plus, THESE PAPER BULLETS News". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "Green Day American Idiot + Live In Tokyo Japan DOUBLE CD (323078)". eil.com. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
- "American Idiot [Special Edition CD + DVD]: Amazon.co.uk: Music". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- "iTunes - Music - American Idiot". Retrieved October 18, 2015.
- "Amazon.com: American Idiot (Regular Edition) [Explicit]: Green Day: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- "iTunes - Music - American Idiot (Holiday Edition Deluxe)". Retrieved October 18, 2015.
- "Amazon.com: American Idiot (Deluxe) [Explicit]: Green Day: MP3 Downloads". Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- "iTunes - Music - American Idiot (Deluxe Version)". Retrieved November 7, 2011.
- "American Idiot Chart positions". australian-charts.com. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
- "CAPIF". Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Green Day - American Idiot". ultratop.be. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- "American Idiot - Green Day". Billboard. Archived from the original on 13 July 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Uge 08 - 2005". Hitlestn.nu (in Danish). Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2005". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry.
- "American Idiot - Chart History". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- "IFPI". IFPI. 2005. Archived from the original on 17 August 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- "Bundesverband Musikindustrie: Gold-/Platin-Datenbank - BETA". Musikindustrie.de. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- "Greek Albums Chart (Both Foreign and Domestic)". IFPI Greece. 2005-09-24. Archived from the original on 2005-09-24. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "Greek Albums Chart (Only Foreign)". IFPI Greece. 2006-02-04. Archived from the original on 2006-02-04. Retrieved 2012-04-14.
- "2005 Certification Awards". Irish Charts. Archived from the original on June 4, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "גרין דיי יוציאו אלבום קונספט במאי". Mako.co.il. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "アメリカン・イディオット - グリーン・デイ／ オリコンランキング情報サービス「you大樹」" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 2010-11-12.[dead link]
- ゴールド等認定作品一覧 2005年10月. RIAJ (in Japanese). 2005-11-10. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "AMPROFON Certifications". Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- "American Idiot Chart positions" (PDF). amprofon.com.mx. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "NZ Top 40 Albums". RMNZ. June 13, 2005. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- "Sverige Topplistan" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 27 July 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community". Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Certified Awards Search". BPI. Archived from the original on September 24, 2009. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "British Album Chart". Chart Stats. Retrieved June 24, 2008.[dead link]
- Grein, Paul (2012-03-16). "Chart Watch Extra: Top Albums Of Last 10 Years". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
- Harding, Cortney (April 16, 2010). "Green Day's American Idiot Play: The Billboard Cover Story". Billboard. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "Green Day - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 2004". ARIA Charts. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- "JAHRESHITPARADE ALBEN 2005" (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Chart of the Year 2004". TOP20.dk. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
- "VIVA Album Jahrescharts 2004" (in German). Viva. January 19, 2011. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- "Top Selling Albums of 2004". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Årslista Album – År 2004" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Swedish Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "US Billboard 200 - 2004". Billboard. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Top 50 Global Best Selling Albums for 2004" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 30, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 2005". ARIA Charts. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- "JAHRESHITPARADE ALBEN 2005" (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "JAAROVERZICHTEN 2005: Albums" (in Dutch). ultratop,be/nl. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "REPORT ANNUELS 2005: Albums" (in French). ultratop,be/fr. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Chart of the Year 2005". TOP20.dk. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
- "JAAROVERZICHTEN - ALBUM 2005" (in Dutch). dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- The first list is the list of best-selling domestic albums of 2005 in Finland and the second is that of the best-selling foreign albums:
- "Classement Albums – année 2005" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "Albums – 2005". IRMA. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "Top Selling Albums of 2005" (PDF). Amprofon. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-15. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Top Selling Albums of 2005". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Årslista Album – År 2005" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan. Swedish Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "SCHWEIZER JAHRESHITPARADE 2005" (in German). hitparade.ch. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "BPI Yearly Best Selling Albums (1999-2009)" (PDF). British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- "US Billboard 200 - 2005". Billboard. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Top 50 Global Best Selling Albums for 2005" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 30, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 2006". ARIA Charts. Retrieved March 13, 2010.[dead link]
- "JAHRESHITPARADE ALBEN 2006" (in German). austriancharts.at. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "US Billboard 200 - 2006". Billboard. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "ARIA - Decade-end Charts" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Steffen Hung (2009-12-25). "Bestenlisten - 00er-Album". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- "Billboard - Decade-end Chards". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on November 21, 2011. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Christina Talcott (27 January 2006). "John Roecker's 'Freaky' Puppet Show". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Pamela Wilson (26 March 2009). "'Heart Like a Hand Grenade' fuses punk rock antics with superstar vision". Pop & Hiss: The L.A. Times music blog (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- "Green Day Heart Like A Hand Grenade". greenday.com. Retrieved September 15, 2015.
- Lanham, Tom (October 1, 2004). "A Night at the Opera". Alternative Press (Alternative Press Magazine, Inc.) (195): 114–122. ISSN 1065-1667.
- Zulaica, Don (December 2004). "Tre Cool: Political Punk". DRUM! Magazine (Enter Music Publishing, Inc.) (103): 62–68. ISSN 1097-0614.
- DiPerna, Alan (June 1, 2005). "Combat Rock". Guitar Legends (Future US) (81): 22–30. ISSN 1045-6295.
- Pappademas, Alex. "Power to the People (With Funny Haircuts)". Spin (November 2004): 62–70.
- Winwood, Ian (September 23, 2010). "It Was a Great Time for Us!". Kerrang! (London: Bauer Media Group) (1330): 48–52. ISSN 0262-6624.
- Spitz, Marc. Nobody Likes You: Inside the Turbulent Life, Times, and Music of Green Day. New York: Hyperion, 2006. ISBN 1-4013-0274-2
- American Idiot at YouTube (streamed copy where licensed)
- GeekStinkBreath.net page on the album
- American Idiot LP on greendaydiscography.com
- American Idiot at The Internet Music Database
- Heart Like a Hand Grenade at the Internet Movie Database
- Greendayauthority.com page on Heart like a Hand Grenade
Suit by Nelly
Encore by Eminem
|Billboard 200 number-one album
October 3, 2004 – October 9, 2004
January 16, 2005 – January 29, 2005
Feels Like Today by Rascal Flatts
The Documentary by The Game
Out of Nothing by Embrace
Greatest Hits by Robbie Williams
|UK number one album
October 2, 2004 – October 8, 2004
January 9, 2005 – January 15, 2005
Mind, Body & Soul by Joss Stone
Scissor Sisters by Scissor Sisters
The Sound of White by Missy Higgins
|Australian ARIA Albums Chart number-one album
September 27, 2004 – October 10, 2004
The Chronicles of Life and Death by Good Charlotte