American Idiot (song)
|Single by Green Day|
|from the album American Idiot|
|B-side||"Too Much Too Soon" (7")|
|Released||August 31, 2004|
|Green Day singles chronology|
"American Idiot" is a song by the American punk rock band Green Day. It is the title track from the album American Idiot (2004) and released as the first single from it. The song received positive reviews by critics and was nominated for four Grammy Awards: Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal, Best Rock Song, Best Short Form Music Video and Record of the Year. It is considered as one of the band's signature songs.
One of the two explicitly political songs on the album (the other being fellow single "Holiday"), "American Idiot" contends that mass media has orchestrated paranoia and idiocy among the public. Citing cable news coverage of the Iraq War, Billie Joe Armstrong recalled, “They had all these Geraldo-like journalists in the tanks with the soldiers, getting the play-by-play." He felt with that, American news crossed the line from journalism to reality television, showcasing violent footage intercut with advertisements. Armstrong went on to write the song after hearing the Lynyrd Skynyrd song "That's How I Like It" on his car radio. "It was like, 'I'm proud to be a redneck' and I was like, 'oh my God, why would you be proud of something like that?' This is exactly what I'm against." Armstrong was also inspired by a song by the Australian group Midnight Oil that his wife had introduced him to, titled US Forces, which inspired the song’s format. Dirnt felt many people would be insulted by the track until they realized that, rather than it being a finger-pointing song of anger, it could be viewed as a "call for individuality." The song emphasizes strong language, juxtaposing the homophobic slur "faggot" and "America", to create what he imagined would be a voice for the disenfranchised.
In a 2004 interview with Q Magazine, the three members of Green Day discussed the idea of flag desecration in relation to their song, with Armstrong and Dirnt being the most supportive: "It means nothing to me. Let's burn the fucking thing."
"American Idiot" was written in the key of A and recorded in standard tuning. The song is composed of four chords, the I-IV-V-VII progression, while the chorus and solo share the IV-I-V-I progression. The song is classified as a punk rock and pop punk song. Armstrong plays a 1956 Les Paul Junior on the song, switching to a reissued 1959 flame-top Les Paul for the double-tracked guitar solo. Armstrong was initially reluctant to pursue recording a solo, fearing it to be corny. He eventually decided against this, as he hoped for the album to be "about being 15 and rocking out in front of a mirror."
Released in 2004, the single peaked at number 61 on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Green Day's first Billboard Hot 100 chart entry. All of Green Day's other hits had only managed to chart on the Hot 100 Airplay chart or the Bubbling Under Hot 100 chart. However, the appearance of "American Idiot" on the US singles charts occurred just prior to Billboard's inclusion of Internet download purchases into their Billboard Hot 100 chart data, which would have made a significant difference in the song's peak had it benefited from the new chart tabulation system. "American Idiot" became Green Day's first Top 5 single in the United Kingdom, peaking at number 3 and at number 7 in Australia. It debuted at number 1 in Canada, South Africa and New Zealand, holding onto the zenith position for five weeks and staying at the top in South Africa and New Zealand for 7 and 10 weeks respectively. In Australia, the song was ranked number 22 on Triple J's Hottest 100 of 2004. Green Day performed the song at the 2005 Grammy Awards. "American Idiot" has sold 1,371,000 copies as of July 2010.
Ian Winwood of Kerrang! said that "Green Day did for their generation, and their country, what the Sex Pistols did for the United Kingdom in 1977, for a nation sick with love for a parasitical royal family."
The music video for "American Idiot" features the band playing in a warehouse against a green American flag (a reference to the name of the band). In the middle of the video, the band is seen playing at different speeds (fast or slow-motion). During the bridge, the stripes of the flag melt onto the floor. The band is then sprayed by a green liquid from amplifiers next to the flag. At the end, the band drops their instruments and leaves. The song's video was directed by Samuel Bayer.
The song was featured in the trailer for the 2005 film Wedding Crashers.
It was featured as the closing theme song for the first season of The Andy Milonakis Show.
A version of the song is played on an organ in The Simpsons Movie due to the band's fictional death when they fall into Lake Springfield, after playing a gig on a barge. The camera zooms into the sheet music where it says "American Idiot: Funeral Version".
Covers and parodies
Richard Cheese and Lounge Against the Machine covered this song into a lounge style on their 2005 album Aperitif for Destruction. The guitar riffs of the song were sampled for the theme for Johnny Test and multiple episodes of the show. A live rendition of the song recorded in Montreal, Canada on the 21st Century Breakdown World Tour featuring an extended guitar solo was featured on the CD portion of the band's 2011 live album Awesome as Fuck.
"American Idiot" was ranked the number 13 Single of the Decade by Rolling Stone magazine in 2009. VH1 also placed the song at number 13 on its Top 100 Songs of the 2000s in 2011. Rolling Stone ranked it number 432 of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time in 2010, the only Green Day song on the list. The song is certified Silver in the United Kingdom for sales of 200,000.
All lyrics written by Billie Joe Armstrong, except where noted, all music composed by Green Day.
|Promo CD single|
|1.||"American Idiot" (Radio edit)||2:54|
|2.||"American Idiot" (Album version)||2:54|
|Europe single (CD 1)|
|2.||"Too Much Too Soon"||3:33|
|Europe single (CD 2)|
|3.||"Governator" (lyrics written by Mike Dirnt)||2:31|
7" picture disc
|1.||"Too Much Too Soon"||3:33|
|1.||"American Idiot" (music video)||3:02|
|2.||"American Idiot" (live at the Grammy Awards in 2005)||3:17|
- Billie Joe Armstrong - lead vocals, guitar
- Mike Dirnt - bass, backing vocals, lead vocals on "Governator"
- Tré Cool - drums, backing vocals
- Rob Cavallo; Green Day - producers
- Chris Dugan; Doug McKean - engineer
- Brian "Dr. Vibb" Vibberts; Greg "Stimie" Burns; Jimmy Hoyson; Joe Brown; Dmitar "Dim-e" Krnjaic; Reto Peter - assistant engineers
- Chris Lord-Alge - mixing
- Ted Jensen - mastering
- Chris Bilheimer - cover art
Charts and certifications
- Ian Winwood (May 9, 2012). "The Secrets Behind The Songs: "American Idiot"". Kerrang! (London: Bauer Media Group) (1414). ISSN 0262-6624.
- DiPerna 2005, p. 24.
- Winwood 2010, p. 50.
- "American Idiot". Songfacts.com. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- "International Superhits". Kerrang! (London: Bauer Media Group) (1061): 52–53. June 18, 2005. ISSN 0262-6624.
- Lanham 2004, p. 122.
- Bored of the USA Green Day Authority Archived April 13, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Learn to Play: Green Day - American Idiot". Total Guitar (London: Future plc): 42–44. October 2004. ISSN 1355-5049.
- "United States of Rage and Love: Green Day's 'American Idiot' - Introduction and "American Idiot"". PopMatters. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "Billboard August 28, 2004". Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "Chart Beat Bonus". Billboard. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
- Mayfield, Geoff (August 4, 2007). "Billboard Hot 100 To Include Digital Streams". Billboard magazine. Archived from the original on June 14, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2007.
- Grein, Paul. "Week Ending July 25, 2010: It’s Every Rapper For Himself". Yahoo! Music. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
Green Day fan: American Idiot (the song) has sold 1,371,000. Jesus Of Suburbia: 204K Holiday 1,452,000
- "Green Day - American Idiot [OFFICIAL VIDEO]". https://www.youtube.com/. YouTube. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
- "Madden NFL 2005: Soundtrack Revealed - Xbox". News.teamxbox.com. July 1, 2004. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "Parodies & Polkas". "Weird Al" Yanvokic. Archived from the original on January 13, 2007. Retrieved February 7, 2007.
- Carter, Emily (June 9, 2014). "Kerrang! Does Green Day’s American Idiot Tribute Album". Kerrang.com. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "VH1 100 Greatest Songs Of The ’00s". VH1. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
- "Rolling Stone Updates "500 Greatest Songs" List". CBS. June 2010. Archived from the original on June 1, 2010. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- Certified Awards Archived 6 February 2013 at WebCite
- "Australian-charts.com – Green Day – American Idiot". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "Austriancharts.at – Green Day – American Idiot" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Green Day > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". allmusic. Archived from the original on October 16, 2010.
- "Chartverfolgung, Green Day, Single". Musicline.de. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013.
- Jaclyn Ward - Fireball Media Group - http://www.fireballmedia.ie. "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". Irishcharts.ie. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
- "Italiancharts.com – Green Day – American Idiot". Top Digital Download.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Green Day – American Idiot" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
- "Charts.org.nz – Green Day – American Idiot". Top 40 Singles.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Green Day – American Idiot". Singles Top 60.
- "Swisscharts.com – Green Day – American Idiot". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "Chart Stats - Green Day". Chartstats. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012.
- "Green day Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved December 3, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2004 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Canadian single certifications – Green Day – American Idiot". Music Canada.
- "Single Certification List - January 2014" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- "Latest Gold / Platinum Singles". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24.
- "British single certifications – Green Day – American Idiot". British Phonographic Industry. Enter American Idiot in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- "American single certifications – Green Day – American Idiot". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
"Breaking the Habit" by Linkin Park
|Billboard Modern Rock Tracks number-one single
September 25 – October 30, 2004
"Vertigo" by U2