American League Division Series

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

In Major League Baseball, the American League Division Series (ALDS) determines which teams will play in the American League Championship Series (ALCS). It is played in a best-of-five format.

History[edit]

The Division Series was implemented in 1981 as a result of a midseason strike, with the first place teams before the strike taking on the teams in first place after the strike. After 1993, it was implemented for good when Major League Baseball restructured each league into three divisions. In 1981, a split-season format forced the first ever divisional playoff series, in which the New York Yankees won the Eastern Division series over the Milwaukee Brewers (who were in the American League until 1998) in five games while in the Western Division, the Oakland Athletics swept the Kansas City Royals (the only team with an overall losing record to ever make the postseason). The Yankees have currently played in the most division series in history, with eighteen appearances. In 2015 the Toronto Blue Jays and Houston Astros became the last teams to make their first appearance in the ALDS. The Astros had been in the National League until switching to the American League in 2013 and had previously made the NLDS 7 times.

Determining the matchups[edit]

From 1998 to 2011, the wild-card team was assigned to play in the division winner with the best winning percentage (outside of their own division) in one series, and the other two division winners met in the other series. However, if the wild-card team and the division winner with the best record were from the same division, the wild-card team played the division winner with the second-best record, and the remaining two division leaders played each other. Beginning with the 2012 season, the wild card team that advances to the Division Series was to face the number 1 seed, regardless of whether or not they are in the same division. The two series winners move on to the best-of-seven ALCS. Home field advantage goes to the team with the better regular season record (or head-to-head record if there is a tie between two or more teams), except for the wild card team, which never receives the home field advantage.

Beginning in 2007, MLB has implemented a new rule to give the team from the league that wins the All-Star Game with the best regular season record a slightly greater advantage.[1] In order to spread out the Division Series games for broadcast purposes, the two ALDS series follow one of two off-day schedules. Starting in 2007, after consulting the MLBPA, MLB has decided to allow the team with the best record in the league that wins the All-Star Game to choose whether to use the seven-day schedule (1-2-off-3-4-off-5) or the eight-day schedule (1-off-2-off-3-4-off-5). The team only gets to choose the schedule; the opponent is still determined by win-loss records.

Initially, the best-of-5 series played in a 2-3 format, with the first two games set at home for the lower seed team and the last three for the higher seed.[2][3] Since 1998, the series has followed a 2-2-1 format, [4] where the higher seed team plays at home in Games 1 and 2, the lower seed plays at home in Game 3 and Game 4 (if necessary), and if a Game 5 is needed, the teams return to the higher seed's field. When MLB added a second wild card team in 2012, the Division Series re-adopted the 2-3 format due to scheduling conflicts. It reverted to the 2-2-1 format in 2013.

Recurring matchups[edit]

Count Matchup Record Years
4 Boston Red Sox vs. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Red Sox, 3–1 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009
4 New York Yankees vs. Minnesota Twins Yankees, 4–0 2003, 2004, 2009, 2010
4 Cleveland Indians vs. Boston Red Sox Indians, 3–1 1995, 1998, 1999, 2016
3 Texas Rangers vs. New York Yankees Yankees, 3–0 1996, 1998, 1999
2 Cleveland Indians vs. New York Yankees Indians, 2–0 1997, 2007
2 New York Yankees vs. Oakland Athletics Yankees, 2–0 2000, 2001
2 New York Yankees vs. Anaheim-LA Angels Angels, 2–0 2002, 2005
2 Texas Rangers vs. Tampa Bay Rays Rangers, 2–0 2010, 2011
2 Oakland Athletics vs. Minnesota Twins Tied, 1–1 2002, 2006
2 Detroit Tigers vs. New York Yankees Tigers, 2–0 2006, 2011
2 Detroit Tigers vs. Oakland Athletics Tigers, 2–0 2012, 2013
2 Texas Rangers vs. Toronto Blue Jays Blue Jays, 2–0 2015, 2016

ALDS Results[edit]

  • Team names link to the season in which each team played
Year Winner Loser Wins Losses
1981 New York Yankees Milwaukee Brewers 3 2
Oakland Athletics Kansas City Royals 3 0
1995 Cleveland Indians Boston Red Sox 3 0
Seattle Mariners New York Yankees 3 2
1996 New York Yankees Texas Rangers 3 1
Baltimore Orioles Cleveland Indians 3 1
1997 Baltimore Orioles Seattle Mariners 3 1
Cleveland Indians New York Yankees 3 2
1998 New York Yankees Texas Rangers 3 0
Cleveland Indians Boston Red Sox 3 1
1999 New York Yankees Texas Rangers 3 0
Boston Red Sox Cleveland Indians 3 2
2000 Seattle Mariners Chicago White Sox 3 0
New York Yankees Oakland Athletics 3 2
2001 New York Yankees Oakland Athletics 3 2
Seattle Mariners Cleveland Indians 3 2
2002 Minnesota Twins Oakland Athletics 3 2
Anaheim Angels New York Yankees 3 1
2003 New York Yankees Minnesota Twins 3 1
Boston Red Sox Oakland Athletics 3 2
2004 New York Yankees Minnesota Twins 3 1
Boston Red Sox Anaheim Angels 3 0
2005 Chicago White Sox Boston Red Sox 3 0
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim New York Yankees 3 2
2006 Detroit Tigers New York Yankees 3 1
Oakland Athletics Minnesota Twins 3 0
2007 Boston Red Sox Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 3 0
Cleveland Indians New York Yankees 3 1
2008 Boston Red Sox Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 3 1
Tampa Bay Rays Chicago White Sox 3 1
2009 New York Yankees Minnesota Twins 3 0
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim Boston Red Sox 3 0
2010 Texas Rangers Tampa Bay Rays 3 2
New York Yankees Minnesota Twins 3 0
2011 Texas Rangers Tampa Bay Rays 3 1
Detroit Tigers New York Yankees 3 2
2012 Detroit Tigers Oakland Athletics 3 2
New York Yankees Baltimore Orioles 3 2
2013 Detroit Tigers Oakland Athletics 3 2
Boston Red Sox Tampa Bay Rays 3 1
2014 Baltimore Orioles Detroit Tigers 3 0
Kansas City Royals Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 3 0
2015 Toronto Blue Jays Texas Rangers 3 2
Kansas City Royals Houston Astros 3 2
2016 Cleveland Indians Boston Red Sox 3 0
Toronto Blue Jays Texas Rangers 3 0
† indicates wild card team

ALDS Appearances[edit]

Series
appearances
Team Wins Losses Win % Most recent
win
Most recent
appearance
19 New York Yankees 12 7 .632 2012 2012
11 Boston Red Sox 6 5 .545 2013 2016
8 Cleveland Indians 5 3 .625 2016 2016
8 Oakland Athletics 2 6 .250 2006 2014
8 Texas Rangers 2 5 .286 2011 2016
7 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 3 4 .429 2009 2014
6 Minnesota Twins 1 5 .167 2002 2010
5 Detroit Tigers 4 1 .800 2013 2014
4 Baltimore Orioles 3 1 .750 2014 2014
4 Seattle Mariners 3 1 .750 2001 2001
4 Tampa Bay Rays 1 3 .250 2008 2013
3 Chicago White Sox 1 2 .333 2005 2008
3 Kansas City Royals 2 1 .667 2015 2015
2 Toronto Blue Jays 2 0 1.000 2016 2016
1 Houston Astros 0 1 .000 - 2015
1 Milwaukee Brewers 0 1 .000 - 1981

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nightengale, Bob (2007-09-12). "AL's top team to pick first-round format". USA Today. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  2. ^ 1984 NL Championship Series, Baseball-Reference.com
  3. ^ 1997 AL Division Series, Baseball-Reference.com
  4. ^ Gillette, Gary; Palmer, Pete, eds. (2006). "October Classics: Postseason Series and Playoffs". The 2006 ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. New York: Sterling Publishing. p. 1656. 

External links[edit]