American Legion (Loyalist)
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|Branch||British provincial unit|
|Type||infantry, dragoons (mounted infantry) (auxiliary troops)|
|Garrison/HQ||Long Island, Province of New York|
|Brigadier General Benedict Arnold|
The American Legion was a British provincial militia unit raised for Loyalist service late in the American Revolutionary War by Benedict Arnold, the former Continental Army general who had crossed over from the Patriots to the British. The unit was composed primarily of deserters from the Continental Army. "Legion" was an 18th-century term for a military unit the size of a regiment, but consisting of infantry and dragoons (cavalry), or infantry, dragoons, and artillery, all under one command to make it more flexible for scouting or irregular operations than a regiment, which consisted of infantry or cavalry alone.
The unit was with Arnold in the September 1781 raid on New London, Connecticut, but was not involved in the attack on Fort Griswold. It was, however, involved in the British occupation and burning of New London.
The uniforms of the Loyal American Legion was a red coat with green facings. They had short tails as opposed to the regular redcoats who had long tails.
Regiment disbanded and resettled in British Canada
- Allen, Thomas B. (2010-11-09). Tories: Fighting for the King in America's First Civil War (p. 321). Harper Collins, Inc.. Kindle Edition.
- "Benedict Arnold : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site". history.org.