American Motorcyclist Association
|American Motorcyclist Association
|Other key staff||see below|
The American Motorcyclist Association is an American nonprofit organization of more than 200,000 motorcyclists that organizes numerous motorcycling activities and campaigns for motorcyclists' legal rights. Its mission statement is "to promote the motorcycling lifestyle and protect the future of motorcycling." The organization was founded in 1924 and as of October 2013 had more than 1,200 chartered clubs.
For clubs and promoters it provides guidance and advice on running events and rallies, and allows affiliated members to vote on AMA matters. It also has a corporate membership category with representatives from the US motorcycle industry.
Outlaw and one-percenter
The AMA was a whites-only organization from its inception in 1924 until the 1950s, not allowing blacks to join for its first 30 years. Prior to the acceptance of black members, the term outlaw motorcycle club could refer to either a white counterculture biker club that was "uninterested in 'square' events and competitions", or else a club that accepted non-white members and was therefore not allowed to participate in the AMA. In 1995, AMA President Ed Youngblood said that as a consequence of this racist policy, blacks continued to be underrepresented in AMA events for decades after the segregationist policy was rescinded.
The term one-percenter was coined after the 1947 Hollister riot in Hollister, California. The AMA is said to have responded that 99% of motorcyclists were law-abiding citizens, and the last one percent were outlaws. The AMA now says they have no record of such a statement to the press, and call this story apocryphal. One-percenter motorcycle clubs are often also known as Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs or OMGs according to the ATF.
AMA Pro Racing
The AMA is the largest motorsports organization in the world, overseeing 80 professional and more than 4,000 amateur events each year. The AMA also maintains the Motorcycle Hall of Fame located near Columbus, Ohio. It is the designated governing body of motorcycle sport in the US by the world governing body, the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM).
AMA Pro Racing was formed in 1994 to respond to the growth of motorcycle racing in United States and holds many events. The AMA Road Racing Series includes the AMA American Superbike Championship, the AMA Daytona Sportbike Championship (which incorporates the former AMA Supersport Championship and the now inactive AMA Formula Xtreme), and the new AMA Supersport Championship, which is limited to riders of age 16-21 on near stock 600cc motorcycles. Other series include AMA Supercross, AMA Motocross Championship, AMA Grand National Championship dirt-track series and AMA Hillclimb.
On March 7, 2008, the AMA Pro Racing series was sold to the Daytona Motorsports Group (DMG), headed by Roger Edmondson and Jim France. The DMG will be responsible for the AMA Superbike Series, the AMA Motocross Series, the AMA Flat Track Series, the AMA Supermoto Series, the AMA Hillclimb Series and ATV Pro Racing. The sale did not include the AMA Supercross and AMA Arenacross Series, whose rights are currently owned by Live Nation. DMG will license the AMA name and trademarks to promote the motorcycle racing series. The new management has sparked criticism among some of the press and fans for allegedly alienating the factory teams  and for introducing NASCAR style rules such as rolling start and pace car.
- "AMA Facts & Figures". American Motorcyclist Association. 2014-04-30. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
- Youngblood, Ed (March 1995), "Moving Beyond Prejudice", American Motorcyclist (American Motorcyclist Association) 49 (3): 15, ISSN 0277-9358
- d'Orléans, Paul; Klanten, R., eds. (2014), The Chopper: The Real Story, Gestalten, p. 61, ISBN 978-3-89955-524-0
- Dulaney, William L. (November 2005), "A Brief History of "Outlaw" Motorcycle Clubs", International Journal of Motorcycle Studies
- "AMA Sells AMA Pro Racing To Daytona Motorsports Group". SuperbikePlanet.com. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "AMA & Daytona Motorsports Group Press Conference Transcript". SuperbikePlanet.com. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "A New Vision for the American Motorcyclist Association". AMA Pro Racing. Archived from the original on 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
- "Expletive Deleted: 2009--Last Year of the Factories?". Superbike Planet. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- "No AMA Superbike Participation In 2010: Honda Makes It Official!". Road Racing World. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- "DMG: Delusional Motorsports Group?". Motorcycle USA. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- Echo Media