American Music Awards
|American Music Awards|
|American Music Awards of 2019|
|Awarded for||Outstanding achievements for American artists|
|First awarded||February 19, 1974|
The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, generally held in the Fall, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to air the Grammy Awards expired. It is the first of the Big Three music award shows held annually (the others being the Grammy Awards and the Billboard Music Awards). Until the 2005 edition, both the winners and the nominations were selected by members of the music industry, based on commercial performance, such as sales and airplay. Since the 2006 edition, winners have been determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website. The award statuette is manufactured by New York firm Society Awards.
History and overview
The AMAs was created by Dick Clark in 1973 to compete with the Grammy Awards after the move of that year's show to Nashville, Tennessee led to CBS (which has broadcast all Grammy Award shows since then) picking up the Grammy telecasts after its first two in 1971 and 1972 were broadcast on ABC. In 2014, American network Telemundo acquired the rights to produce a Spanish-language version of the American Music Awards and launched the Latin American Music Awards in 2015.
Until the 2005 edition, both the winners and the nominations were selected by members of the music industry, based on commercial performance, such as sales and airplay. Since the 2006 edition, winners have been determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website, while nominations have remained based on sales, airplay, now including activity on social networks, and video viewing. Before 2010, had nominations based only on sales and airplay and nominated every work, even if old. The Grammys have nominations based on vote of the Academy and only nominate a work from their eligibility period that changes often.
The first hosts for the first telecast of the AMAs were Helen Reddy, Roger Miller, and Smokey Robinson. Helen Reddy not only hosted the show but also became the first female artist to win an AMA for Favorite Pop/Rock Female artist. For the first decade or so, the AMAs had multiple hosts, each representing a genre of music. For instance, Glen Campbell would host the country portion (Campbell, in fact, has co-hosted the AMAs more times than any other host or co-host), while other artists would co-host to represent their genre. In recent years, however, there has been one single host.
In 1991, Keenen Ivory Wayans became the first Hollywood actor to host the AMAs.
From its inception in 1973 until 2003, the AMAs have been held in mid- to late-January, but were moved to November (usually the Sunday before Thanksgiving) beginning in 2003 so as not to further compete with other major awards shows (such as the Golden Globe Awards and the Academy Awards) and allows for ABC to have a well-rated awards show during November sweeps.
For the 2008 awards, Jimmy Kimmel hosted for the fourth consecutive year. In 2009–2012, there was no host for the first time in history. Instead, the AMAs followed the Grammys' lead in having various celebrities give introductions. However, rapper Pitbull hosted the 2013 ceremony and 2014 ceremony. Jennifer Lopez hosted the 2015 show. Gigi Hadid and Jay Pharoah hosted the 2016 show. Tracee Ellis Ross hosted the show in 2017 and 2018. Ciara hosted the 2019 show.
Between 2012 and 2014, as part of a marketing strategy for Samsung, the American Music Awards used the lock screen wallpaper of Samsung Galaxy smartphones rather than envelopes to reveal winners. A magnetic screen cover on each phone kept the wallpaper image with the winner's name secret until opened.
Current award categories
Past award categories
|General||Single of the Year||2013–2015|
|Fan's Choice Award||2003 (January)–2003 (November)|
|Pop/Rock||Favorite Pop/Rock Video||1984–1988|
|Favorite Pop/Rock Male Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Pop/Rock Female Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Pop/Rock Band/Duo/Group Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Pop/Rock New Artist||1989–2003 (January)|
|Soul/R&B||Favorite Soul/R&B Band/Duo/Group||1974–2003 (November), 2005–2006, 2009|
|Favorite Soul/R&B Video||1984–1988|
|Favorite Soul/R&B Male Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Soul/R&B Female Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Soul/R&B Band/Duo/Group Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Soul/R&B New Artist||1989–2003 (January)|
|Country||Favorite Country Video||1984–1988|
|Favorite Country Male Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Country Female Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Country Band/Duo/Group Video Artist||1985–1987|
|Favorite Country New Artist||1989–2003 (January)|
|Rap/Hip-Hop||Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop Band/Duo/Group||2003 (January)–2008|
|Favorite Rap/Hip-Hop New Artist||1990–1994|
|Other||Favorite Disco Male Artist||1979|
|Favorite Disco Female Artist||1979|
|Favorite Disco Band/Duo/Group||1979|
|Favorite Disco Album||1979|
|Favorite Disco Song||1979|
|Favorite Heavy Metal/Hard Rock Artist||1989–1997|
|Favorite Heavy Metal/Hard Rock Album||1989–1992|
|Favorite Heavy Metal/Hard Rock New Artist||1990–1993|
|Favorite Dance Artist||1990–1992|
|Favorite Dance Song||1990–1992|
|Favorite Dance New Artist||1990–1992|
|Favorite Adult Contemporary Album||1992–1994|
|Favorite Adult Contemporary New Artist||1992–1994|
The record for most American Music Awards won is held by Taylor Swift, who has amassed twenty-nine awards. The record for most American Music Awards won by a male artist belongs to Michael Jackson, who has collected twenty-six awards. The record for most American Music Awards won by a group belongs to Alabama, who have collected twenty-three awards.
|Artist||Number of awards|
Most wins in a single ceremony
The record for the most American Music Awards won in a single year is held by Michael Jackson (in 1984) and Whitney Houston (in 1994), each with 8 awards to their credit (including the Award of Merit, with which both artists were honored in the respective years).
Most wins by category
The following list shows the artists with most wins in each category, adapted from the AMAs official website.
The Song of the Year record holder accounts for all previous single category winners.
- Favorite Male Artist – Pop/Rock: (Tie) Barry Manilow, Eric Clapton, Michael Bolton, Michael Jackson and Justin Bieber (3 wins each)
- Favorite Female Artist – Pop/Rock: Taylor Swift, Whitney Houston, Olivia Newton-John (4 wins each)
- Favorite Duo or Group – Pop/Rock: Aerosmith, The Black Eyed Peas, Hall & Oates and One Direction (3 wins each)
- Favorite Album – Pop/Rock: Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson, Justin Bieber (3 wins each)
- Favorite Male Artist – Country: Garth Brooks (8 wins)
- Favorite Female Artist – Country: Reba McEntire (10 wins)
- Favorite Duo or Group – Country: Alabama (17 wins)
- Favorite Album – Country: Carrie Underwood (6 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop: Eminem (4 wins)
The Favorite Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop record holder accounts for all previous Favorite Female Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop and Favorite Male Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop category winners.
- Favorite Album – Rap/Hip-Hop: Nicki Minaj (3 wins)
- Favorite Male Artist – Soul/R&B: Luther Vandross (7 wins)
- Favorite Female Artist – Soul/R&B: Rihanna (7 wins)
- Favorite Album – Soul/R&B: Michael Jackson (4 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Alternative Rock: Linkin Park (6 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Adult Contemporary: Celine Dion (4 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Latin Music: Enrique Iglesias (7 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Contemporary Inspirational: Casting Crowns (4 wins)
- Favorite Artist – Electronic Dance Music: Marshmello, Calvin Harris and The Chainsmokers (2 wins each)
Award of Merit
International Artist Award of Excellence
The International Artist Award of Excellence is described as "an award which recognizes artists whose popularity and impact cross national boundaries and is only given when there is a deserving recipient who is worthy of recognition for their accomplishments" and has been awarded to seven artists:
- Michael Jackson (1993)
- Rod Stewart (1994)
- Led Zeppelin (1995)
- Bee Gees (1997)
- Aerosmith (2001)
- Beyoncé (2007)
- Whitney Houston (2009)
- Rihanna (2013)
Dick Clark Award for Excellence
At the 2014 award ceremony, the Dick Clark Award for Excellence was given for the first time. It was created to recognize "an artist who achieves a groundbreaking feat or creates a landmark work. It is to be bestowed upon someone whose spirit and excellence capture the visionary passion that Dick Clark himself incorporated into everything he did."
- Taylor Swift (2014)
Award of Achievement
Lifetime Achievement Award
- Diana Ross (2017)
Artist of the Decade
In 2000, the year Brooks won the award, the AMAs held a poll to elect the Artist of the Decade for each previous decade of the Rock & Roll era. According to some sources, the result of this poll is not counted in the total of AMAs won by these artists. The results were Elvis Presley (1950s), The Beatles (1960s), Stevie Wonder (1970s) and Michael Jackson (1980s).
- 1950s: Elvis Presley
- 1960s: The Beatles
- 1970s: Stevie Wonder
- 1980s: Michael Jackson
Artist of the Century
- Michael Jackson won the Artist of the Century award in the 29th American Music Awards held on January 9, 2002.
|Year||Day||Date||Household rating||18–49 rating||Viewers
|1992||January 27||18.3||28||29.90|||
|1993||January 25||21.6||33|||
|1994||February 7||16.0||24||24.50|||
|1995||January 30||15.4||23||24.50|||
|1996||January 29||13.8||21||21.60|||
|1997||January 27||13.2||21||19.70|||
|1998||January 26||12.1||19||18.40|||
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