American New Zealanders

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American New Zealanders
Total population
21,462 (by birth, 2013 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
American-born people by region
Auckland7,272
Wellington3,426
Canterbury2,754
Otago1,482
Waikato1,404
Bay of Plenty1,053
Languages
New Zealand EnglishAmerican English
Religion
Protestantism · Judaism

American New Zealanders are New Zealand citizens who are of American descent including immigrants or American-born citizens and residents from the United States. American New Zealanders constitute a small minority of New Zealand's population.

Demography[edit]

In the 2013 census in New Zealand, when asked to indicate their ethnic identity, 12,342 New Zealanders described themselves as "American", and 21,462 stated they were born in the United States.[1][2] This marks a sizeable increase, in proportional terms, from the 8,451 US-born New Zealanders in 1991.[3] In 2013, there were also 636 persons born in American Samoa and living in New Zealand,[4] and small numbers of persons born in other US territories.[1]

American ethnicity[edit]

There were 16,245 people identifying as being part of the American ethnic group at the 2018 New Zealand census, making up 0.35% of New Zealand's population. This is an increase of 3,903 people (31.6%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 5,439 people (50.3%) since the 2006 census. Some of the increase between the 2013 and 2018 census was due to Statistics New Zealand adding ethnicity data from other sources (previous censuses, administrative data, and imputation) to the 2018 census data to reduce the number of non-responses.[5]

There were 7,269 males and 8,979 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.810 males per female. Of the population, 3,153 people (19.4%) were aged under 15 years, 3,579 (22.0%) were 15 to 29, 8,049 (49.5%) were 30 to 64, and 1,467 (9.0%) were 65 or older.[6]

In terms of population distribution, 73.7% of American New Zealanders live in the North Island and 26.3% live in the South Island. Waiheke Island has the highest concentration of American people at 1.1%, followed by the Queenstown-Lakes District (1.0%), Wellington City and the Waitematā local board area of Auckland (both 0.9%). The Chatham Islands was the only area to record zero American people.[6]

United States birthplace[edit]

There were 27,678 people in New Zealand born in the United States at the 2018 New Zealand census. This is an increase of 6,213 people (28.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 9,930 people (55.9%) since the 2006 census.

There were 12,849 males and 14,832 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.866 males per female. Of the population, 3,537 people (12.8%) were aged under 15 years, 6,633 (24.0%) were 15 to 29, 14,016 (50.6%) were 30 to 64, and 3,495 (12.6%) were 65 or older.[6]

Community history[edit]

Americans began visiting New Zealand at the very end of the 18th century. These settled the nation as discharged British soldiers and sailors, as convicts (who were arrested at sea for maritime offenses, tried, and transported), and as whalers, sealers, or travelers. Many of these who were brought to New Zealand had a temporary stay and were returned and/or brought to New South Wales in neighboring Australia. In 1839, there were about 50 Americans living in New Zealand, constituting about 4% of the non-Māori population of the country's North Island. That number increased to 306 in 1858, 720 in 1861, and 1,213 in 1871, an increase due primarily to a gold rush in Otago.[7] Subsequently, there were only 881 Americans living in New Zealand in 1901, their numbers then increased to 1,713 in 1951, 8,383 in 1976, and 13,347 in 2001.[2]

Between 1942 and 1944, during the Second World War, about 100,000 US troops were stationed in New Zealand. They exercised a notable influence on the country's way of life, and a small number settled in New Zealand. Immigration rates from the United States remained low until the 1960s, however. A "surge" of US immigrants was noted in the 1960s, 1970s, and again from the mid-1990s. Some of these came as New Zealand recruited foreign teachers to meet with local shortages.[3]

Notable people[edit]

Name Born – Died Notable for Connection with New Zealand Connection with The United States
Augie Auer 1940–2007 atmospheric scientist and meteorologist moved to New Zealand in 1990; naturalised New Zealander in 1996 born in St. Louis, Missouri
Tab Baldwin 1958– basketball player and coach moved to New Zealand in 1988; naturalised New Zealander c. 1994; coached the men's national team; honorary Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2003 born in Jacksonville, Florida
Wyatt Creech 1946– former Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand moved to New Zealand when 1 year old; raised in New Zealand; Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit born in Oceanside, California
Denis Dutton 1944–2010 philosopher, academic and internet entrepreneur; Founder of Arts & Letters Daily moved to New Zealand in 1984; naturalised New Zealander in 1991 born in Los Angeles, California
Julie Anne Genter 1979– politician and transport planner moved to New Zealand in 2006; naturalised New Zealander in 2011 born in Rochester, Minnesota
Roger Curtis Green 1932–2009 archaeologist, Professor Emeritus at the University of Auckland moved to New Zealand in 1961; naturalised New Zealander c. 1966; honorary Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit born in Ridgewood, New Jersey
Jim Flynn 1934–2020 Emeritus Professor of Political Studies at the University of Otago; Discoverer of the Flynn effect moved to New Zealand in 1963; naturalised New Zealander c. 1970; honorary Royal Society of New Zealand born in Chicago, Illinois
Mike McMillen 1964– speed skater as a New Zealand citizen competed in the 1992 Winter Olympics and 1994 Winter Olympics born in Las Vegas, Nevada
Stefania Owen 1997– actress (Running Wilde, The Carrie Diaries) New Zealand-born father; moved to New Zealand at age 4 born in Miami, Florida
Mark Peck 1953– Politician; Member of Parliament for Invercargill 1993–2005 raised in New Zealand born in Hamilton, Ohio
Jessica Lee Rose 1987– actress moved to New Zealand when 8 years old; raised in New Zealand Born in Salisbury, Maryland
Tyson Ritter 1984- singer and bassist for American rock band The All-American Rejects moved to New Zealand Born in Stillwater, Oklahoma

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2013 Census totals by topic". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b "North Americans: Facts and figures". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  3. ^ a b "North Americans: 1940–present: closer contact". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  4. ^ "Samoans: Facts and Figures". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  5. ^ "New Zealand's population reflects growing diversity | Stats NZ". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Ethnic group (detailed total response - level 4), by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, DHB)". nzdotstat.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  7. ^ "1797–1870: years of opportunity". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.