American Nurses Association

Coordinates: 38°59′42″N 77°01′37″W / 38.994879°N 77.026850°W / 38.994879; -77.026850
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American Nurses Association
FoundedFebruary 11–12, 1897; 127 years ago (1897)
TypeNonprofit professional association
Legal status501(c)(6)[1]
PurposeTo advance and promote the improvement of health standards and the standards of nursing and to stimulate and promote the professional development of nurses and advance their economic and general welfare.[1]
HeadquartersSilver Spring, Maryland, U.S.
Coordinates38°59′42″N 77°01′37″W / 38.994879°N 77.026850°W / 38.994879; -77.026850
Loressa Cole[2]
Jennifer Mensik Kennedy[2]
SubsidiariesAmerican Nurses Foundation Inc (501(c)(3)),
American Nurses Credentialing Center (501(c)(6)),
American Academy of Nursing (501(c)(3)),
Institute for Nursing Research and Education (501(c)(3)),
ANA PAC (PAC) Nurse Marketplace Inc (For-profit),
ANA Service Corporation Inc (For-profit),[1]
Revenue (2017)
Expenses (2017)$48,000,366[1]
Endowment$315,783 (2017)[1]
Employees (2017)
Volunteers (2017)
Formerly called
Nurses Associated Alumnae

The American Nurses Association (ANA) is a 501(c)(6) professional organization to advance and protect the profession of nursing. It started in 1896 as the Nurses Associated Alumnae and was renamed the American Nurses Association in 1911.[3] It is based in Silver Spring, Maryland[4] and Jennifer Mensik Kennedy[2] is the current president.

The ANA states nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.[5]


19th century[edit]

Initial organizational plans were made for the Nurses Associated Alumnae of the United States of America on September 2, 1896, at Manhattan Beach Hotel near New York City.[6] On February 11–12, 1897 those plans were ratified in Baltimore at a meeting that coincided with the annual conference of the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses.[7] Isabel Hampton Robb served as the first president. A major early goal of the organization was the enhancement of nursing care for American soldiers.[8]

ICN was founded in 1899 by nursing organizations from Great Britain, the ANA for the United States, and Germany as charter members. The first ever ICN Congress was held in Buffalo New York in 1901.[9]

20th century[edit]

In 1947, the next congress, the Ninth ICN Quadrennial Congress in 1947, was held in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Attended by over 5,000 delegates representing 250,000 nurses in 32 countries, it was a major step forward in re-establishing international peacetime relations in the healthcare community. ANA leadership made all arrangements including locating lodgings for attendees among local residents, and raising funds to cover travel costs.[10][11][note 1][13]

In 1970, Mattiedna Johnson spoke at an ANA convention on the lack of representation of African American nurses. She believed it was a major issue which led to the founding of National Black Nurses Association in 1971.

21st century[edit]

In February 2022, ANA partnered with Congresswoman Deborah Ross and Congressman Dave Joyce on the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) Act, which is designed to address the nation-wide shortage of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) and improve care for survivors of sexual violence. It bill was also endorsed by RAINN and the National Network to End Domestic Violence.[14]


The association is a professional organization representing registered nurses (RNs) in the United States through its 54 constituent member associations.[15] The ANA is involved in establishing standards of nursing practice, promoting the rights of nurses in the workplace, advancing the economic and general welfare of nurses.[16]

Statements by ANA have been featured in publications arguing against mandatory nurse-to-patient ratios. The American Nurses Association says it has “real concerns about the establishment of fixed nurse-to-patient ratio numbers.” [17]

The ANA also has three subsidiary organizations, the American Academy of Nursing, formed to serve the public and nursing profession by advancing health policy and practice through the generation, synthesis, and dissemination of nursing knowledge, the American Nurses Foundation, the charitable and philanthropic arm, and the American Nurses Credentialing Center, which credentials nurses in their specialty and credentials facilities that exhibit nursing excellence.[18]


  • American Nurse Today
  • The American Nurse[19]
  • OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing[20]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ’’The Farewell’: When this great postwar Congress came to a close, the ties harshly strained by war had been reknit and greatly strengthened.”.[12]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". American Nurses Association Inc. Guidestar. December 31, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Leadership". ANA. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  3. ^ "American Nurses Association, ANA". Health Care Finder. Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  4. ^ "ANA Contact Us". American Nurses Association. Archived from the original on 2014-11-10. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  5. ^ "What is Nursing?". The American Nurses Association, Inc. Retrieved 2012-06-16.
  6. ^ "BasicHistoricalReview.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-01. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
  7. ^ "To Meet Here Next Week". Baltimore American. February 4, 1897. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  8. ^ "Nurses for Peace and War" (PDF). New York Times. May 7, 1899. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  9. ^ "Forming the First Constitution". International Council of Nurses. p. 29. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  10. ^ "Nurses Congress Delegates Named – Eight Will Represent State At Meeting Opening Monday At Atlantic City". Wilmington Morning News. Wilmington, Delaware. May 10, 1947. p. 3.
  11. ^ "Nurses Of 32 Nations Will Meet in May". Dayton Daily News. Dayton, Ohio. March 27, 1947. p. 29.
  12. ^ "The Program". American Journal of Nursing. 47 (7). The American Journal of Nursing: 437–451. July 1947. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  13. ^ "Ninth ICN Congress, Atlantic City, USA". International Council of Nurses. p. 29. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  14. ^ "Representatives Ross, Joyce Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Address Shortage of SANE-certified Nurses, Improve Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence". Congresswoman Deborah Ross. February 15, 2022. Retrieved December 15, 2022.
  15. ^ "American Nurses Association". Medical Dictionary. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  16. ^ "Nursing Organizations". Discover Nursing. Archived from the original on 3 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  17. ^ "Studies Show that Mandatory Nurse Ratios Are Not the Answer" (PDF). District of Columbia Hospital Association. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 February 2022. Retrieved 2023-03-29.
  18. ^ "ANA Statement of Purpose". American Nurses Association. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
  19. ^ "About". American Nurse. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  20. ^ "AANA Periodicals". American Nurses Association. Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  21. ^ "Expanded Historical Review of Nursing and the ANA" (PDF). American Nurses Association. p. 17. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  22. ^ "Head of Nurses Group Opposes Draft Law". The Evening Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. February 13, 1945. p. 4.
  23. ^ "Today's Birthday: Katharine Jane Densford". News-Pilot. San Pedro, California. December 7, 1949. p. 16. {{cite magazine}}: Unknown parameter |agency= ignored (help)
  24. ^ Sklar, Kathryn Kish (2000). "Dock, Lavinia Lloyd (1858-1956), nurse, suffragist, and social reformer". American National Biography. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1500182. Retrieved 2024-03-13.
  25. ^ Kennedy, Bud (16 March 2019). "'Mary Keys Gipson Is Just as Important as Amon Carter': One Man's Mission to Remember a Pioneer Nurse". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  26. ^ Prieto, Laura (2022-02-24). "Activism in Black and White: Mary Eliza Mahoney, Pathbreaking Nurse and Voter |". Retrieved 2024-03-13.
  27. ^ a b Binheim, Max; Elvin, Charles A (1928). Women of the West; a series of biographical sketches of living eminent women in the eleven western states of the United States of America. Retrieved 8 August 2017.Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]