American Professional Soccer League
|No. of teams||22 in 1990|
|Country|| United States
|Last champion(s)||Seattle Sounders|
|TV partner(s)||Prime Network|
The American Professional Soccer League (APSL) was a professional men's soccer league with teams from the United States and later Canada. It was the first outdoor soccer league to feature teams from throughout the United States since the demise of the original North American Soccer League. It was formed in 1990 by the merger of the third American Soccer League with the Western Soccer League. Between 1990 and 1995 it was the de facto top professional soccer league in the United States. After 1993 it was also the top league in the Canadian soccer pyramid. However it was never officially granted Level 1 / Division 1 status on the United States soccer pyramid because, at the time, FIFA would not give this status to leagues that crossed national borders. In 1993, it applied for the vacant Level 1/Division 1 role but lost out to Major League Soccer. For its final two seasons, 1995 and 1996, the APSL changed its name to the "A-League". It was subsequently absorbed by the emerging United Soccer Leagues organization. The USL retained the A-League name until 2004 when it became the USL First Division.
In 1989, Fort Lauderdale Strikers, the winners of the American Soccer League defeated San Diego Nomads, the winners of the Western Soccer League in a play-off game and as a result were declared United States soccer champions. In 1990, the two leagues merged as the American Professional Soccer League. However, during its inaugural season, in order to avoid high travel expenses, the APSL remained essentially two separate leagues. The ASL became the American Soccer Conference and featured teams from the East Coast, while the WSL became the Western Soccer Conference and featured teams from the West Coast. Teams only played other teams from within the same conference and it was not until the title decider, between Maryland Bays and San Francisco Bay Blackhawks that teams from the two different conferences actually met in a competitive game. Throughout its existence the league would struggle financially and its roster of teams quickly dropped from 22 in 1990 to just 5 in 1992. However, in 1993 the league received a lifeline when following the demise of the Canadian Soccer League, three former CSL clubs - Vancouver 86ers, Montreal Impact and Toronto Blizzard - joined the APSL.
As part of the conditions for been awarded the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the United States Soccer Federation had agreed to launch a new Level 1/Division 1 professional league. In December 1993, together with League One America and Major League Soccer, the APSL was one of three proposals that was put before the USSF national board of directors. At the time the APSL was the only candidate who were actually operating as a league. It featured several established clubs and its roster of players included several members of the United States men's national soccer team. Despite this they lost out to the MLS. This decision was effectively the beginning of the end for the APSL and it subsequently went into decline. Despite rebranding itself as the A-League, it faced increasing competition on two fronts. The USISL, later to become the United Soccer Leagues, had initially confined itself to organising regional leagues. However, by 1995 it began organising on a national level. By 1996 the MLS was also up and running and a number of top A-League players left to join it. In 1996 the A-League and the USISL Select League agreed to merge. Six of the seven remaining A-League teams - Montreal Impact, Colorado Foxes, Seattle Sounders, Rochester Raging Rhinos, Vancouver 86ers and Atlanta Ruckus - and two planned A-League expansion teams Toronto Lynx and Hershey Wildcats effectively joined the USISL Select League. However the new league retained the A-League name.
Complete team list
|Colorado Foxes||2||1992, 1993|
|Seattle Sounders||2||1995, 1996|
|San Francisco Bay Blackhawks||1||1991|
League average attendance
- Regular season/playoffs
- 1996: 4,946/4,781
- 1995: 3,347/5,280
- 1994: 3,478/6,082
- 1993: 2,271/2,903
- 1992: 2,104/1,502
- 1991: 1,827/3,106
- 1990: 1,082/2,039
- The Year in American Soccer - 1995
- The Year in American Soccer - 1990
- The Year in American Soccer - 1993
- The Year in American Soccer - 1989
- Wangerin, David (2008). Soccer in a Football World: The Story of America’s Forgotten Game (Paperback). Temple University Press. (ISBN 1-59213-885-3).
- The Year in American Soccer - 1995
- The Year in American Soccer - 1996