American Publishers Association
American Publishers Association(APA) was created in 1901 to maintain the price of copyright books in the American market. After a lawsuit in 1913, the American Publishers Association was disbanded.
In 1913, the New York Supreme court ruled in favor of R. H Macy's & Co. vs American Publishers Association, saying Macy's was entitled to damages of $140,000.
Its founding members were Charles Scribner as President, Gen. Alexander C. McClurg and George Mifflin as Vice Presidents, George Platt Brett, Sr., of Macmillan Publishers (United States) as Secretary, and G. B. M. Harvey, of Harper Brothers, as treasurer.