American Record Corporation
American Record Corporation (ARC), also referred to as American Record Company, American Recording Corporation, or (erroneously) as ARC Records, was an American record company. It resulted from the merger in 1929 of three companies: the Cameo Record Corporation (which owned Cameo, Lincoln and Romeo Records), the Pathé Phonograph and Radio Corporation (which owned Actuelle, Pathé, and Perfect), and the Plaza Music Company (which owned Banner, Domino, Jewel, Oriole, and Regal).
Although Plaza's assets were included in the merger, the Plaza company itself was not, and it formed the Crown label in 1930 and the Scranton Button Company, the parent company of Emerson Records (and the company that pressed records for most of these labels). Louis G. Sylvester, the former head of the Scranton Button Company, became the president of the new company, located at 1776 Broadway in Manhattan, New York City.
Consolidated Film Industries bought ARC in 1930, and Brunswick Record Corporation the next year. Low-priced discs were issued on Brunswick, Columbia, Oriole (sold at McCrory), Romeo (sold at Kress), as well as Melotone, Vocalion, Banner and Perfect. In December 1938, the entire ARC complex was purchased for $700,000 by the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS). The record company was renamed Columbia Recording Corporation, which revived the Columbia imprint as its flagship label with Okeh as a subsidiary label. This allowed the rights to the Brunswick and Vocalion labels (and pre-December 1931 Brunswick/Vocalion masters) to revert to Warner Bros., who sold the labels to Decca Records. The ARC legacy is otherwise now part of Sony Music Entertainment.
Labels ARC issued or pressed (1929-1938)
+ labels that existed prior to the formation of ARC
- ARC sold to theaters for background and intermission music 1931-1933?
- Banner +1929-1938
- Bernardo (client label)
- Broadway +from 1932 (fulfilling a contract with Montgomery Ward)
- Brunswick +1932-1938 (under lease agreement from Warner Bros. Pictures)
- Cameo +1929-1930
- Columbia +late 1934-1938
- Commodore (client label for Commodore Music Shops)
- Conqueror +(client label for Sears from 1929-1938)
- Domino +1929-1931 (but was restarted as a client label for the John Gabel Co. circa 1933-34)
- Fox Movietone (client label sold only at Fox Theaters, taken over from Victor, circa 1934)
- Gospel Herald
- Gramophone Shop Varieties (client label for The Gramophone Shop)
- Hollywood 1936-1937 (client label)
- Homestead +(mail order label 1929-circa 1931, when it was taken over by Crown Records)
- Hot Record Society (client label for the Hot Record Society)
- Jewel +1929-circa 1932
- Liberty Music Shops (client label for the Liberty Music Shops)
- Lincoln +from 1929-1930
- Master 1937
- Mel-O-Dee (client label as a specialty jukebox label) 1931
- Melotone +1932-1938
- Oriole +1929-1938 (client label for McCrory)
- Pathe +1929-1930
- Perfect +1929-1938
- Regal +1929-1931
- Romeo +1929-1938 (client label for Kress Stores)
- Shamrock Stores - (client label for the Shamrock Stores)
- Supertone +1930-circa 1931 (client label whose short-lived series made by Brunswick after the Gennett period ended. This rare series probably hails from right before the ARC takeover of Brunswick)
- U.H.C.A. - (client label specializing in reissues for United Hot Clubs of America through Commodore)
- Variety 1937
- Vocalion +1932-1938 (under lease agreement from Warner Bros. Pictures)
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