American Samoa House of Representatives

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American Samoa House of Representatives
American Samoa Fono
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
FoundedOctober 26, 1948 (1948-10-26)
Leadership
Speaker of the House
Savali Talavou Ale (R)
since January 4, 2007 (2007-01-04)
Structure
Seats21
American Samoa House of Representatives.svg
Political groups
  •      Non-partisan (20)
  •      Swains Island delegate (1)
Length of term
2 years
Salary$25,000/year
Website
www.americansamoa.gov/legislative-branch-fono
Seal of American Samoa.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
American Samoa

The American Samoa House of Representatives is the lower house of the American Samoa Fono. The House consists of 21 members serving two-year terms, with 20 popularly elected representatives, and one delegate from Swains Island elected in a public meeting.

History[edit]

American Samoa became a United States territory in 1900 and was initially administered by the Navy. From 1905, annual meetings were held with delegates sent from the local communities, as an advisory council to the naval governor.[1][2]

In 1948, a bicameral legislature was established, still in advisory capacity. The lower house, named the House of Representatives, was composed of 54 members: 52 (one from each village) were elected in open meetings according to Samoan custom, and two were elected by secret ballot by residents not living under the matai system.[1][2][3][4] The first session of the legislature was called to order by Attorney General John D. Maroney at 9:30 am on 26 October 1948, and high orator Mariota Tiumalu Tuiasosopo was unanimously elected as the Speaker of the House of Representatives.[5]

The legislature was reformed in 1952, after administration of American Samoa had been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The number of representatives was reduced to 18, all elected by secret ballot: five from each of the three districts of American Samoa (Western, Eastern and Manu‘a), one from Swains Island, and two elected by residents not living under the matai system.[2][6][4]

In 1960, the first constitution of American Samoa was adopted. The House of Representatives remained with 18 members, but under a slightly different composition: one from each of three districts in Ma‘oputasi county, one from each of two districts in Lealataua/Fofo county, and one from each of the then remaining 12 counties, all elected by secret ballot for two-year terms; and one non-voting delegate from Swains Island, elected in an open meeting, also for a two-year term.[2][7]

In 1967, the revised constitution modified the composition to 21 members: two from the combined counties of Ta‘ū island, one from the combined counties of Ofu-Olosega, one from each of five districts in Ma‘oputasi county, one from each of two districts in Sua county, two each from Itu‘au and Tualauta counties, and one from each of the six remaining counties, all elected by secret ballot for two-year terms; and one non-voting delegate from Swains Island, elected in an open meeting, also for a two-year term.[2][8]

List of members[edit]

district[9] representatives[10][11]
1: Ta‘ū, Faleasao, Fitiuta Fetu Fetui Jr.
Vesi Talalelei Fautanu Jr.
2: Ofu, Olosega Tiaoalii Fau Sai
3: Vaifanua Tupua Shaun Va‘a
4: Sa‘ole Titiali‘i Kitara Vaiau
5: Sua 1 (Faga‘itua, Amaua, Auto, Avaio, Alega, Aumi, Lauli‘i) Luaitaua Gene Pan
6: Sua 2 (Sa‘ilele, Masausi, Masefau, Afono) Loia Gutu
7: Ma‘oputasi 1 (Fatumafuti, Faga‘alu, Utulei) Vailoata Eteuati Amituana‘i
8: Ma‘oputasi 2 (Fagatogo) Vailiuama Steve Leasiolagi
9: Ma‘oputasi 3 (Pago Pago) Vesiai Poyer S. Samuelu
10: Ma‘oputasi 4 (Satala, Atu‘u, Leloaloa) Vaetasi Tuumolimoli S. Moliga
11: Ma‘oputasi 5 (Aua) Faimealelei Anthony Fu‘e Allen
12: Itu‘au Logoituau Mark Atafua
Manumaua Wayne C. Wilson
13: Fofo Mrs. Andra Tereise Samoa Sagote
14: Lealataua Savali Talavou Ale, Speaker
15: Tualauta Samuel Ioka Ale Meleisea
Larry S. Sanitoa
16: Tualatai Timusa Tini Lam Yuen
17: Leasina Gafatasi Afalava
Swains Island Su‘a Alexander Eli Jennings

Past composition of the House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historical Sketch of the Naval Administration of the Government of American Samoa, Capt. T. F. Darden, 1952.
  2. ^ a b c d e History of the Fono, AmSamoa.net.
  3. ^ The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1953, S. H. Steinberg.
  4. ^ a b Elite Communication in Samoa: A Study of Leadership, Felix M. Keesing and Marie M. Keesing, 1956.
  5. ^ Sunia, Fofo I.F. (2009). A History of American Samoa. Amerika Samoa Humanities Council. Pages 250 and 261. ISBN 9781573062992.
  6. ^ The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1954, S. H. Steinberg.
  7. ^ Constitution of American Samoa, 1960.
  8. ^ Revised Constitution of American Samoa, American Samoa Bar Association.
  9. ^ 2.0302 Districts, American Samoa Bar Association.
  10. ^ Legislative branch of American Samoa – Fono, American Samoa Government.
  11. ^ The Election Office has certified the results of the 2018 mid term elections, American Samoa Government.

Coordinates: 14°16′42″S 170°41′20″W / 14.2782°S 170.6890°W / -14.2782; -170.6890