American Service-Members' Protection Act
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|Effective||August 2, 2002|
|Statutes at Large||116 Stat. 820|
The American Service-Members' Protection Act (ASPA, Title 2 of Pub.L. 107–206 (text) (pdf), H.R. 4775, 116 Stat. 820, enacted August 2, 2002) is a United States federal law that aims "to protect United States military personnel and other elected and appointed officials of the United States government against criminal prosecution by an international criminal court to which the United States is not party." Introduced by U.S. Senator Jesse Helms (R-NC) and U.S. Representative Tom DeLay (R-TX) it was an amendment to the 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery From and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States (H.R. 4775). The amendment passed 75-19 (S.Amdt 3597.) The bill was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on August 2, 2002.
ASPA authorizes the President of the United States to use "all means necessary and appropriate to bring about the release of any U.S. or allied personnel being detained or imprisoned by, on behalf of, or at the request of the International Criminal Court". This authorization has led the act to be nicknamed the "Hague Invasion Act".
The act prohibits federal, state and local governments and agencies (including courts and law enforcement agencies) from assisting the court. For example, it prohibits the extradition of any person from the U.S. to the Court; it prohibits the transfer of classified national security information and law enforcement information to the court.
The act also prohibits U.S. military aid to countries that are party to the court. However, exceptions are allowed for aid to NATO members, major non-NATO allies, Taiwan, and countries that have entered into "Article 98 agreements", agreeing not to hand over U.S. nationals to the court.
- United States and the International Criminal Court
- Universal jurisdiction
- Status of forces agreement
- Coalition of the International Criminal Court, "US Congress Passes Anti-ICC "Hague Invasion Act"". 4 March 2016. Accessed 6 March 2013.
- Govtrack, "H.R. 4775 (107th): 2002 Supplemental Appropriations Act for Further Recovery From and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States". Accessed 6 March 2013.
- "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 107th Congress - 2nd Session". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
- Human Rights Watch, "U.S.: 'Hague Invasion Act' Becomes Law". 3 August 2002. Accessed 8 January 2007.
- John Sutherland, "Who are America's real enemies?". The Guardian, 8 July 2002. Accessed 8 January 2007.
- Text of the American Service-Members' Protection Act: . Accessed 6 March 2008.
- HR4775 information at the Library of Congress. Accessed 8 January 2007.
- Transcript of Helms's introduction of the amendment at the Library of Congress. Accessed 26 January 2004.
- Jesse Helms, "Helms Introduces Amendment to Protect Servicemen From International Criminal Court" (Press Release). 26 September 2001. Accessed 8 January 2007.