ASME

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"American Society of Mechanical Engineers" redirects here. For the magazine editors' society, see American Society of Magazine Editors.
ASME
Plaque Laboratoire aérodynamique Eiffel, 67 rue Boileau, Paris 16.jpg
Predecessor American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Formation 1880
Type not-for-profit membership organization
Headquarters New York City, U.S.
Location
  • Two Park Avenue
    New York
    NY 10016-5990
    United States
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
140,000+ in over 150 countries
Official language
English
President
Julio C. Guerrero
President-elect
K. Keith Roe
Affiliations AIChE
Website www.asme.org

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach."[1] ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, a lobbying organization, a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization. Founded as an engineering society focused on mechanical engineering in North America, ASME is today multidisciplinary and global.

ASME has over 140,000 members in 158 countries worldwide.[2]

ASME was founded in 1880 by Alexander Lyman Holley, Henry Rossiter Worthington, John Edison Sweet and Matthias N. Forney in response to numerous steam boiler pressure vessel failures.[3] Known for setting codes and standards for mechanical devices, ASME conducts one of the world's largest technical publishing operations,[4] holds numerous technical conferences and hundreds of professional development courses each year, and sponsors numerous outreach and educational programs.

ASME codes and standards[edit]

ASME is one of the oldest standards-developing organizations in America. It produces approximately 600 codes and standards covering many technical areas, such as fasteners, plumbing fixtures, elevators, pipelines, and power plant systems and components. ASME's standards are developed by committees of subject matter experts using an open, consensus-based process. Many ASME standards are cited by government agencies as tools to meet their regulatory objectives. ASME standards are therefore voluntary, unless the standards have been incorporated into a legally binding business contract or incorporated into regulations enforced by an authority having jurisdiction, such as a federal, state, or local government agency. ASME's standards are used in more than 100 countries and have been translated into numerous languages.[5]

ASME boiler and pressure vessel code (BPVC)[edit]

The largest ASME standard, both in size and in the number of volunteers involved in its preparation, is the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC). The BPVC provides rules for the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, care, and use of boilers, pressure vessels, and nuclear components. The code also includes standards on materials, welding and brazing procedures and qualifications, nondestructive examination, and nuclear in-service inspection.

Other notable standardization areas[edit]

Other Notable Standardization Areas includes but not limited to are; Elevators and Escalators (A17 Series), Piping and Pipelines (B31 Series), Bioprocessing Equipment (BPE), Valves Flanges, Fittings and Gaskets (B16), Nuclear Components and Processes Performance Test Codes.

Notable members[edit]

The following people are, or were, notable members of ASME:[citation needed]

Society awards[edit]

ASME fellow[edit]

ASME Fellow is a Membership Grade of Distinction conferred by The ASME Committee of Past Presidents[13] to an ASME member with significant publications or innovations and distinguished scientific and engineering background. Over 3,000 members have attained the grade of Fellow.[13] The ASME Fellow membership grade is the highest elected grade in ASME.[14]

Student professional development conference (SPDC)[edit]

ASME runs the Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC), which allows students to network with working engineers, host contests, and promote ASME's benefits to students as well as professionals. SPDC conferences are held in North America and internationally. The location for each district changes every year.[15]

Student competitions[edit]

ASME holds a variety of competitions every year for engineering students from around the world.[16]

  • Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC)
  • Student Design Competition (SDC)
  • Innovative Design Simulation Challenge (IDSC)
  • Innovative Additive Manufacturing 3D Challenge (IAM3D)
  • Old Guard Competitions
  • Innovation Showcase (IShow)
  • Student Design Expositions

Organization[edit]

ASME has five key offices in the United States, including its headquarters operation in New York, N.Y., and three international offices in Beijing, China; Brussels, Belgium, and New Delhi, India. ASME has two institutes and 32 technical divisions within its organizational structure. Volunteer activity is organized into four sectors: Technical Events and Content, Public Affairs and Outreach, Standards and Certification, and Student and Early Career Development.

Controversy[edit]

ASME became the first non-profit organization to be guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1982. The Supreme Court found the organization liable for more than $6 million in American Society of Mechanical Engineers v. Hydrolevel Corp.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ASME. "ASME.org > About ASME". Retrieved 2011-12-27. 
  2. ^ "About ASME – At a Glance". ASME. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Setting the Standard". History. ASME. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 
  4. ^ "Welcome to the ASME Digital Library!". ASME Digital Library. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Standards Are Global". History of ASME Standards. ASME. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  6. ^ Frederick Remsen Hutton, ed. (1915). A history of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers from 1880 to 1915. The Society. p. 16. 
  7. ^ "Machinery". The Industrial Press. 1908. p. 826. Richards was one of the founders of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1881 
  8. ^ "Fitzroy, Nancy Deloye ASME President, 1986–87" (cfm). ASME. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  9. ^ "James Powers". New York Times. 10 November 1927. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  10. ^ American Society of Mechanical Engineers (1914). "Necrology". Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (The Society) 35. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c "ASME Founders". ASME's 125th Anniversary. asme.org. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Wren, Daniel (1980), "Scientific Management in the U.S.S.R., with Particular Reference to the Contribution of Walter N. Polakov", The Academy of Management Review 5 (1): 1–11, doi:10.5465/amr.1980.4288834 
  13. ^ a b "Fellows". ASME. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Award Descriptions & Applications". ASME IPTI. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Student Professional Development Conference". ASME. Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  16. ^ "ASME Competitions". ASME. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Calvert, Monte A. The Mechanical Engineer in America, 1830-1910: Professional Cultures in Conflict. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967.
  • Hutton, Frederick Remson (1915) A History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. ASME.
  • Sinclair, Bruce. A Centennial History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1880-1980. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1980.
  • John H. White (1979). A History of the American Locomotive: Its Development, 1830-1880. Courier Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-23818-0. 

External links[edit]